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Anna Howard Shaw "The Fundamental Principle of a Republic"
Transcript of Anna Howard Shaw "The Fundamental Principle of a Republic"
"The Fundamental Principle of a Republic"
Anna Howard Shaw motivated and inspired women into fighting for their rights. Women began to be more involved and independent, striding towards their suffrage. The speech was given in 1915, and in 1920, 5 years later the 19th amendment was passed and women succeeded in getting their right to vote.
Anna Howard Shaw was born in England on February 14, 1847.
She was one of the first women granted a license to preach by the Methodist Episcopal Church and spent her life organizing and lecturing for women suffrage and peace. Anna is famous for her speech, The Fundamental Principle of a Republic. This Speech was made during the New York State equal suffrage campaign at the City Opera House in Ogdenburg, New York on June 21, 1915. Around this time male suffrage was slowly extending in many countries and soon after this women became greatly involved in the fight for their own suffrage. Anna Howard Shaw died in 1919 at the age of 72. On August 26, 1920, the 19th Amendment granted the ballot to American women.
orn since that time and have become voters, and the women are still trying to persuade American men to believe in the fundamental principles of democracy, and I never quite
eel as if it was a
ield to argue this question with men...."
This is Antithesis because it contradicts itself with contrasting ideas. It isn't in parallel structure, but doesn't necessarily need to be.
Anna Howard Shaw's audience was mostly made up of women and women suffrage supporters. These people believed that women should be involved in the government and be able to vote with equal privileges.
".....led by the divine ideal which is the sublimest and the supremest ideal in religious freedom which men have ever known, the theory that a man has a right to worship God according to the dictates of his own conscience, without the intervention of any other man or any other group of men. And it was this theory, this vision of the right of the human soul which led men first to the shores of this country.
"Twenty-one years ago I came here with Susan B. Anthony, and we came for exactly the same purpose as that for which we are here tonight."
This is logos because it says that it happened twenty-one years ago. This is a fact.
This is logos because "Twenty-one years ago I came here with Susan B. Anthony," is a fact. It is referring to a specific time.
This is Ethos because divine ideal appeals to ones self. It makes you agree that it is okay because you can trust perfection and God.
This is Pathos because it tugs at your emotions. It makes you feel sad, angry, and upset because they say you have religious freedom, but then discriminate and don't allow people to practice their own beliefs.
" In Massachusetts they drove the Baptists down to Rhode Island; in Connecticut they drove the Presbyterians over to New Jersey; they burned the Quakers in Massachusetts and ducked the witches, and no colony, either Catholic or Protestant allowed a Jew to have a voice. And so a man must worship God according to the conscience of the particular community in which he was located, and yet they called that religious freedom...."
"Now, nobody can deny that they are sincere, honest, and earnest men."
This is alliteration because it is the repetition of initial consonants,
Boys, been, born
feel, fair, field
in adjacent words.
This is parallelism because it has a similarity of structure. It goes sincere, honest, and earnest. All three of these are adjectives.
This is an Anadiplosis because a member of the church, which is the last words of the clause is the beginning in the other.
"......they permitted no man to have a voice in the affairs unless he was
a member of the church
, and not
a member of any church
, but a member of the particular church which dominated the particular community in which he happened to be."
Anna Howard Shaw uses this to call attention to the word Republican by using the derived root, republic repeatedly.
"If women's suffrage is wrong, it is a great wrong; if it is right, it is a profound and fundamental principle upon which a Republic must rise."
".... in doing it you have to assume that a man who professes to believe in a
form of government does not believe in a
form of government, for the only thing that woman's enfranchisement means at all is that a government which claims to be a
should be a
, and not an aristocracy."
"The Fundamental Principle of a Republic"
Anna Howard Shaw
Period 1 10/23/13
Anna Howard Shaw's purpose in giving this speech was to persuade and inspire her audience to take stand and fight for what was right. Her speech was to make people realize that they needed women involved in the government and that by not letting women vote was going against the fundamental principle of a republic, and therefore should not be given the title republic if they were not going to follow up to the name. She fought for equal rights and strongly believed that women were essentially needed.
"Boys have been born since that time and have become voters, and the women are still trying to persuade American men to believe in the fundamental principles of democracy, and I never quite feel as if it was a fair field to assume that a man who professes to believe in a Republican does not believe in a republic form of government,....."
This is a Polysyndeton because of and, and, and. A polysyndeton is the deliberatee omission of conjuctions. Anna Howard Shaw uses this to speed up the rythm of the sentence.