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Mountaineering, Climbing and Skiing in Iran
Transcript of Mountaineering, Climbing and Skiing in Iran
Skiing and Mountaineering Group
Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Mountaineering, Climbing and Skiing in Iran
Mountains in Iran? Do you mean sandy hills?
Skiing? How damn it could snow in +50 degree!
Climbing (Rock and Ice)
Canyoning and Caving
The typical assumption about Iran's nature is partially true
The country has many deserts and hilly sands
and according to MODIS, the hottest place in 2004 and 2005 in the planet was the Lut desert of Iran, which reached 70.7 degrees C (159 degrees F).
But it is not the whole picture!
In some other places in the country the
the temperature in the inhabitant areas may drop
to -33 degrees C in the winter
and on the top of Damavand mountain the wind chill
is typically -60 degrees C in January!
The 1972 Iran blizzard, which caused approximately 4,000 deaths, was the deadliest in recorded history
Some general facts
Alborz Mountain Range
Elevation: 5621 m
Prominence: 4667 m (ranked 12th)
First approved ascent: 1837
Distance to Tehran: 66 km (air), 105 km (road)
It has at least 16 known routes to the summit
Some of the routes are just an easy hike
Some require rock or ice climbing
It has 6 shelters
Photo by: Hamed Khorramyar
Mt. Alam Kuh
Elevation: 4848 m
Prominence: 1827 m
First ascent: 1933 by Douglas Busk (UK)
It has 4 well-known routes and 3 shelters
The first known ascent from the north
was by a German party (Gorter/Steinauer)
in 1936 via the northwest ridge
Subsequently, French and Polish teams established other routes on the north face during the 1960s and 1970. A British team followed with a successful ascent in 1978. The first winter ascent of the north face was made by Mohammad Nouri in 1991.
Copyright: Asghar Mohammadi Nasrabadi
Elevation: 4811 m
Prominence: 3283 m
The routes are different, from a normal hike to ice climbing
Sabalan north face is a destionation for Iranian glacier climbers
Alborz has about 700 km length and 100-150 km width
It has more than 90 summits which are higher than 4000 m
View of Damavand from Tehran
Photo: Maziar Hooshmand
Zard-kuh is a ca. 40 km mountain with several peaks over 4000 m
The highest one is 4221 m
Zard-kuh receives 1500 mm percipitation in form of snow in less than 6 months and is a perfect place for off-piste skiing
Photo by: MeisamFathi Salmi
Oshtoran-kuh is a ca. 30 km mountain with some peaks over 4000 meters.
The highest one is 4050 m.
There is a twin-lakes near the mountain which makes the summit view sceneric.
Photo by Ahmad Reza Safari
There are many opportunities for bouldering, sport climbing, wall climbing and ice climbing in different mountain areas. Examples are:
Bande Yakhchal is located just in the north of Tehran and have many opportunities for sport climbing and bouldering
1200 m wall, including around 66 routes!
A heaven for climbers!
and many opportunities for ice climbing
Hamelon - Photo by Mohsen Asgari
Photo by Mehdi Yeganeh
Thanks to the warm weather in the summer, canyoning is possible in many canyons of Iran.
And many of caves are great for caving.
Raghez - Photo by Mohsen Asgari
Kamjel - Photo by Meysam Khoshghadam
Depth: 751 m
Length 1.36 km !!!
Discovery: 1971 by a British team
Photo by Meysam Khoshghadam
Iran ski federation was created in 1945
Currently there are 20 active ski resorts distributed almost all over the country
Off-piste ski is possible in many mountains but it is not common among Iranian.
Dizin is the largest resort in Iran. It has 23 runs, 3 gondola and 12 chairlifts.
Lifts start from 2650 m and some reach 3600 m.
Photo by Mani Sepehr (snow-forecast.com)
From Tehran, by a gondola lift people can reach to Tochal ski resoirt which is located in 3850 m
a short film about skiing in Iran by CEPER FILM
Watch in HD here: vimeo.com/40435530
In spite of the dark picture created by Western propaganda, safety is not a widespread problem in travel to Iran. But for remote mountain area it is better to have a local guide, specially due to lack of enough English information about mountain routes. Google translator sucks in Persian-English!
Iranian are friendly and hospitable towards foreigners, but typically not good in English. So if you don't want to pay tourist agencies to guide you, it is better to contact people on Couch Surfing. These days CS works well in Iran's big cities and couchers are mostly good in English.
Badlands in East of the country
photo by Arash Karimi
Wish a day you stand here
and enjoy it
Photo by: Shreyans Bhansali
The country has more than 150 peaks over 4000 meters
The mountains and big differences in the elevation have caused various nature and landscapes
Some region has 2000 mm precipitation per year and some receive less than 50 mm!
In some areas you can experience skiing and swimming in one day, or skiing and desert safari
January in south of Iran in one day could be like this
Photos by Mohsen Anvaari
Sepidan Ski Resort
Dena is a ca. 52-km (air distance) mountain with 47 peaks more than 4000 meters
The highest is 4430 m
Photo: Mohsen Anvaari