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Diseases and Disorders

Phobias
by

Lisa Yang

on 29 October 2012

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Transcript of Diseases and Disorders

Phobias Presentation by
Lisa Yang and
Rene Gangarosa What is a Phobia? How do you acquire this Disorder? The Amygdala Who can help you
overcome Phobias? Treatment and Medical
Management Signs or Symptoms Statistics A phobia is a disorder. It's an intense fear
of an object, situation, or activity. Phobias
are usually recognized by the individual as
being excessive or unreasonable. Phobias are aquired when you have a
scary experience with a particular thing
or situation. A tiny part of the brain called
the amygdala keeps track of strong emotions.
Whenever the person encounters or even
thinks about their scary experience, the amygdala triggers a fear reaction. Also, it
can be caused from cultural factors,
panick attacks, or heredity. The amygdala stores strong emotions. Upset stomach
Rapid heart rate
Heavy perspiration
Chest pain
Sense of losing control
Trouble breathing If you want to get rid of the phobia, you can:
Talk about your phobia w/ someone you trust.
Breathe deeply, try to relax.
Try to visualize what you fear to lessen the phobia.
Think positive- replace "I'm so scared" with "I'll be all right".
Slowly count to 10 to calm down. Someone you trust
Psychiatrists
Psychologists
Therapists There is a method called systematic desensitization. Systematic desensitization is when a person goes through many steps with their therapist to overcome their phobia. Medical Help Treatment Bibliography Phobias." Current Health 1. Oct. 2003: 20+. SIRS Discoverer. Web. 25 Oct 2012. 1st. Detroit, MI: Gale, Cengage Learning , 2009. Print. New York, NY: The Rosen Publishing Group,
Inc., 2012. Print. Abramovitz, Melissa. "Conquering Fears and Chong, Elaine S., and Erin Hovanec. Phobias. 1st. Metcalf, Tom, and Gina Metcalf, eds. Phobias. Publishers, 1996. Print. Monroe, Judy. Phobias. Springfield, NJ: Enslow 6.3 Million Americans are diagnosed with phobias
90% of phobias are insignificant issues
74% U.S. population has glossophobia (public speaking)
88% phobias related to health will not happen
5 to 10 out of 100 people have a phobia
1 in 23 people suffer from phobias Agencies for Phobias 8600 Rockville Pike, Bethesola, MD 20894 (Medline Plus) 8701 Georgia Ave. #412 Silver Spring, MD 20910 (ADAA, Anxiety and Depression Association of America SET-C
Placebo
Fluoxetine
benzodiazepines Top 5 Most Common
Phobias: Do you have one? Arachnophobia
Aerophobia
Claustrophobia
Social Phobia
Agoraphobia Spiders
Flying
Closed Spaces
Social Situations
Leaving a certain place Phobia: Fear of:
Full transcript