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Transcript of Dubai Timeline
Today, Dubai is one of the most popular cities in the world.
With more than 450 skyscrapers and some of the world's most iconic buildings, Dubai holds around 20% of the world's cranes. That's around 30,000 cranes!
And it is home to more than
residents from all corners of the world!
But it hasn't always been this way
For many centuries, Dubai was occupied largely by Bedouin people and it was sustained by fishing and pearl diving
Dubai became a separate Sheikhdom in 1833, when Sheikh Maktoum bin Buti (of Abu Dhabi) and around 800 of his tribesmen took it over peacefully.
In the 16th century, the region was known to the British as the
, as pirates would raid passing ships to steal their cargo.
Despite attempts to stop the pirates, raids continued occasionally until a maritime truce was agreed with Great Britain in 1835.
His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum is the current Vice President of the United Arab Emirates and Prime Minister and Ruler of Dubai. He was born on July 15, 1949
In the 1950's, oil was discovered for the first time in the UAE.
For an economy that was dependent on fishing and a declining pearl industry, this discovery inspired hope for transformation.
Sheikh Saeed bin Maktoum began his reign of Dubai in 1912, during a time when the pearl industry was thriving.
Sheikh Saeed witnessed remarkable transformation in his city-state and played an invaluable role in establishing the foundation of Dubai.
He continued his reign for 46 years before passing away in 1958
Sheikh Rashid ruled Dubai from 1958-1990.
With his compassion and vision, Sheikh Rashid transformed Dubai into a modern city; an accomplishment that many believed to be impossible.
In 1964, the Clocktower roundabout in Deira was surrounded by sandy, undeveloped land. For some time, the area was considered remote from the city centre.
With more oil discovered across the Gulf, Dubai experienced a soaring economy in the late 1960s.
As it began to export crude oil to other countries, an army of traders flocked to the emirate to settle.
The creek soon became a thoroughfare for local traders and commuters
Around the mid-1950's, Dubai began to experience problems with the creek's path.Metal barriers were positioned to keep the waterway clear of sand during dredging of Dubai Creek in early 1960s. This is a key moment in Dubai's development as it opened the creek up to more shipping and seafaring business.
Sheikh Rashid utilized the oil revenues to spur infrastructure development in Dubai; schools, hospitals, roads, a modern telecommunications network… the pace of development was frantic!
In 1971, the United Arab Emirates was formed (after declaring independence from Britain). Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujayrah, Ras al_Khaimah, Sharjah, and Umm al-Qaywayn came together to form the UAE.
Soon after, in 1973, the UAE adopted the Dirham as its single currency
In May 1981, the UAE became a founding member of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC); its first summit was held in Abu Dhabi.
Emirates Airline was founded in 1985
Emirates Golf Club officially opened in March 1988 with Pakistan's Late President General Zia Ul-Haq hitting the commemorative tee shot using a golden tee. As you can see, very little development surrounded the golf club at this time.
Sheikh Rashid Bin-Saeed Al Maktoum died (October 1990) and was succeeded by his son Sheikh Maktoum Bin-Rashid Al Maktum as ruler of Dubai and UAE vice-president.
The Dubai World Cup, held at the Meydan Racecourse, was created in 1996. With a purse of $10 million, today it is the world's richest horse race
In December 1999, the world's tallest hotel officially opened in Dubai.
The Burj al-Arab - or Tower of the Arabs - stands 321 metres high and floats on its own man-made island. Suites cost as much as $15,000
Construction begins on Dubai's Palm Jumeirah in 2001.
By October 2007, the Palm (developed on reclaimed land) had become the world's largest artificial island, with 500 families already residing there.
August 17 2004: Sheikh Ahmed Al Maktoum won gold in the men's double trap shooting at the Athens Olympic Games; the UAE's first Olympic medal.
November 1st 2004: Sheikha Lubna Al Qasimi became the first woman in the Government when she is appointed Minister of Economy and Planning.
Sheikh Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum,
Vice President and Prime Minister of the UAE
Ruler of Dubai
, died on January 4th 2006. His brother Sheikh Mohammed succeeded him
November 2008 saw the official opening of
Atlantis Hotel the Palm
September 2009 welcomed the opening of the first section Dubai Metro's Red Line
The Burj Khalifa (the world's tallest tower) opened in January 2010.
Ferarri World (the world's largest indoor theme park) opened to the public in November 2010
The inaugural Abu Dhabi Grand Prix took place in November 2009. This was the first ever day-night Grand Prix and was won by Sebastian Vettel of the Red Bull Team
In November 2013, the United Arab Emirates won the right to host the
World Expo 2020
in Dubai. A tremendous accolade and a huge achievement for Dubai (and the UAE), as this will be the first time that the World Expo is staged in the Middle East, North Africa and South Asia (MENASA)
Dubai's development, from a largely uninhabited desert to a world-leading city as we know it today, truly is spectacular. It's formula for development over the years is simple – visionary leadership, high-quality infrastructure, an expatriate-friendly environment, zero tax on personal and corporate income and low import duties. The result is that Dubai has rapidly become a business and tourism hub for people all over the world. Some believe that it is the greatest city on earth...
Dubai's First International Airport was built in 1959. The terminal had very limited facilities - passengers would disembark and walk across the tarmac to passport control.
Dubai Tram opened on 11 November 2014, enabling more residents and tourists to commute using public transport.