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Transcript of SocSci 3
Structure" 4 Elements Add text END :) by: Shanice Bianca M. Arriesgado Chapter 7 A. Status END :) Other Terms Associated with Social Roles "Social Structure and
Social Interaction" LEARNING OBJECTIVES : - Describe social structure & its major components & indicate one's location in this structure.
- Distinguish social class & social status. Levels of Sociological Analysis Social Structure (macro-sociology) Social Interaction (micro-sociology) Social Structure - refers to the pattern of inter-related statuses and roles found in a society or other group at a particular time and constituting a relatively stable set of social relations. - Statuses
- Social Roles
- Social Institutions - a term used by sociologists to refer to any full range of socially defined positions within a large group of society, from the lowest to the highest position. Example : - President
- construction worker
- father 1.) Ascribed Status - a status that is assigned to a person by a society without regard for the person's unique talents or characteristics. 4 Factors: # Age
# Race 2.) Achieved Status - a status acquired by an individual through his efforts often through competition and the use of special abilities, knowledge and skills. Example: - doctor
- engineer 3.) Master Status - a status that dominates others and thereby determines a person's general position within a society, it cuts across the other statuses that an individual occupies. Example : Brad Pitt died of AIDS in 2006. He is a university professor and a writer; but at the end of his life, his status as a person with AIDS may have outweighed his statuses as a university professor and a writer. 4.) Status Inconsistency - a situation in which an individual's varied social positions can have both positive and negative influences on his or her social status. Example : A school teacher is an example of someone who experiences status inconsistency; he is granted respect by most members of society, but he do not earn a top income. Status Symbols :) is a perceived visible, external denotation of one's social position and perceived indicator of economic or social status. B. Social Roles - a pattern behavior, structured around specific rights and duties and associated with a particular status position within a group or social situation. - A role that an individual pretends is his own, but that in reality has only been assumed as a cover to protect him from the penalties associated with his actual role.
1.) Counterfeit Role 2.) Internalized Role
- a role or role-set observed by an individual and adopted by him as a part of his self-conception or self image. 3.) Perceived Role
- the role expectations that a person believes others have of him in a situation.
4.) Prescribed Role
- A role as defined by cultural standards, refer to a set of behaviors expected for all occupants of a particular role.
5.) Representative Role
- a role in which an individual plays that conforms to his and his group’s view of the type of behavior that typifies and represents the standard values of the group.
6.) Role Conflict
- the incompatibility between two or more roles that an individual is expected to perform in a given situation. 7.) Multiple Roles
- the roles associated with the various statuses (the status set) held by an individual at a given time.
8.) Reciprocal Role
- Social roles that define the patterns of interaction between two or more related statuses.
- Related & inseparable
Friend Employee 18 years old Son Actor Singer Filipino Male Daniel Padilla Figure 7-1 Social Statuses Male Filipino Son 18 y.o. Friend singer employee actor Overtime Prepare for
Exam Go to 18th
Birthday Visit Mom
(at hospital) Worker Student Friend Daughter YOU Figure 7-2 Role Conflict Role Conflict Daughter Visit Mom
(at hospital) Friend Student Worker Go to 18th
for exam Overtime