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Does History Repeat Itself?
Transcript of Does History Repeat Itself?
Martin Luther King Jr.'s Assassination
Higher Level Thinking Question
On April 12, 1861 the leader of the Southern forces, General Beauregard sent the main commander from the North, Major Anderson a message saying that he would fire in one hour if Anderson didn't surrender. Anderson didn't surrender and the firing began. The South attacked Fort Sumter from all sides. There were several forts surrounding Charleston Harbor that allowed the Southern forces to easily attack Fort Sumter. After many hours of fighting, Anderson realized that he had no chance to win the battle. He was almost out of food and his forces were badly outnumbered. He eventually surrendered to the Southern Army. No one died in the Battle of Fort Sumter because Major Anderson did everything he could to keep his men out of harms way during the attack. The Battle of Fort Sumter was the start of the Civil War.
Attack on Ft. Sumter
Does History Repeat Itself?
By: Harini Maheswaran, Gurleen Kaur, Megana Jupudy, Zsofia Balogh
US History ISN
At 6:01 p.m. on April 4, 1968, civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was hit by a sniper's bullet. King had been standing on the balcony in front of his room at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee, when, without warning, he was shot. The .30-caliber rifle bullet entered King's right cheek, traveled through his neck, and finally stopped at his shoulder blade. King was immediately taken to a nearby hospital but was pronounced dead at 7:05 p.m. He was shot by James Earl Ray, who was arrested and died in prison at the age of 70. The King family and others believe that the assassination was carried out by a conspiracy involved with the US. Government and James Earl Ray was just a scapegoat.
Left an impact on the United States of America
The side that owned the ship/fort lost their ship/fort to the other side
Both happened in the month of April
Both captains refused to follow orders, and that's why they lost their ship/fort
The start of the Civil War
No one died
Ft. Sumter was a Northern fort
The Confederates took over the fort
Showed that the Confederates wouldn't give up
Maj. Robert Anderson was in charge of the fort
Both fought for rights of African Americans
Killed by white men
Both got assassinated with a gun
Neither died on the spot; both were still alive for a little while
both left a lasting impact on the nation
Fought for slavery
Killed April 1865
Died the next morning
Planned by a common man who did not like him
Killed by John Wilkes Booth
Shot in Ford's Theater
After attacks on merchant ships near Ireland, British Admiralty warned the captains of the Lusitania to avoid that area. The captains ignored these requests, and the ship was later hit by an exploding torpedo. The Lusitania was sunk by the Germans within 20 minutes after being hit. The Germans later declared that all merchant ships close to the British Isles area would be attacked. The United States was neutral in the war at this point, but eventually President Woodrow Wilson broke the United States' relations with Germany and entered World War I on the Allies side on April 6, 1917.
On April 14, 1865, actor John Wilkes Booth entered the presidential box where Lincoln was sitting and shot him. This took place at Ford's Theater in Washington D.C. Booth quickly got onto the stage and broke his leg on the fall but still managed to escape through the back door. A doctor came fast to to take Lincoln to the hospital across the street named, Petersen's Boarding House. When the surgeon arrived, he said that Lincoln would not survive and die during the night. Vice President Andrew Johnson, members of Lincoln’s cabinet and several of Lincoln's closest friends stood by Lincoln’s bed until he was officially pronounced dead at 7:22 a.m.
Battle of Ft. Sumter
The US joined World War I
1,198 people died
Lusitania was a British ship
The German defeated the ship
Changed ocean travel
Captain William Thomas Turner was the captain of the ship
The political impact was that Germans warned that Americans traveling on British or Allied ships did it at their own risk. Also, it stopped the German unrestricted U-boat campaign until 1918.
The social impact was that the US joined World War I on the Allied side. They were outraged of the sinking of the Lusitania because there were 128 Americans that died, so they decided to join the war. The Germans created vast changes to how they would use U-boats in World War II.
The economic impact of the sinking of the Lusitania was that it cost lots of money to build the Lusitania, and since the Germans sunk the ship, this was a huge loss for Britain.
Major Anderson, with the flag that had flown over the fort, appeared at a massive rally in New York City's Union Square on April 20, 1861. The crowd was estimated to be about 10,000 people. The men who fired the cannons at Fort Sumter were considered heroes, and the newly formed Confederate government was emboldened to form an army and plan for war.
While the action at Fort Sumter had not developed much militarily, the symbolism of it was enormous, and intense feelings over what had happened drove the nation into a conflict that would not end for long and bloody years.
After the war started with the battle of Ft. Sumter, the North started cutting off the Confederacy's supplies and all their imports, so this affected their ability to fight, and they lost lots of money.
Martin Luther King Jr.'s assassination impacted the US. Every year in January, the nation celebrates the life and legacy of King. Also the week following his assassination, there was the King Assassination riots, also known as the Holy Week Uprising, which was a wave of civil disturbance which swept through the nation after his death. They increased a strong trend toward racial segregation.
Martin Luther King Jr.'s assassination socially impacted the US. Every year in January, the United States celebrates the life King on Martin Luther King Jr. Day.
The result of Martin Luther King Jr's death caused an economic downfall in the Black American society. The African Americans lost their leader, who believed in them and had a dream to do something. Because of this downfall, the economy of the US dropped a little.
How do events that happened a long time ago affect the ways that things happen in the 20th century?
Since Lincoln's death, many people haven’t felt the same way about politics. Today, the President does not go anywhere without the proper security that is needed. American politics will never be the same because of Abe Lincoln's death. They thought that they had good security with JFK, and look what happened to him. So being that this was the first presidential assassination, it was the main reason why we have the secret service that we have today.
An important impact on society is how we view the population as a whole. There became more and more instances of assassination and other crimes after the incident. The Lincoln assassination not only made the American President a target of terrorism for years to come, but also established the American President as someone who could be killed. This happened a few times after Lincoln's incident, and looking back, it could possibly happen again.
Presidential Reconstruction disappeared when Lincoln died. Johnson had no power, so the Radical Republicans in Congress took over Reconstruction and ground the South into submission.
One example of how the past changes the future is that after Lincoln's assassination, significant people, like Presidents started having better security.
Martin Luther King Jr. got assassinated differently because he wasn't in a public place. Also, people didn't consider him to be important, so of course he didn't have security. His assassination brought about changes in civil rights, and as we know now, blacks and whites are treated equally.
Also, technology was made that helped prevent bad things that happened in the past from happening again. After the Lusitania sank, they built ships differently so that they can prevent them from sinking again.
Even though the North lost Ft. Sumter, they continued to fight and cut off the Confederacy's supplies. They even changed the reason they were fighting for from preserving the nation to ending slavery.
Martin Luther King Jr.'s Assassination
Fought for equal rights
Killed April 1968
Died after an hour
Planned by the US government
Killed (supposedly) by James Earl Ray
Shot on his hotel balcony; Loraine Hotel
Civil Rights Act of 1968 passed
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