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European Biomass Consumption and Certification Considerations
Transcript of European Biomass Consumption and Certification Considerations
Forest Management Biomass Certification European Biomass
Consumption 6 Principles of By 2020:
reduce GHG emissions by 20%
renewable energy sources should represent 20% of Europe's final energy consumption
increase energy efficiency by 20% Final Energy Consumption primary energy
from biomass Require ~ 2300 TWh of Final Energy Consumption 1TWh = ~86400 tonnes of oil equivalent Energy Consumption
Growth of 25TWh/year How to mitigate the gap in energy? From Here to There... Cannot be produced domestically in Europe Largest Growth Potential Income Generation every 3-5 years
& 2 cycles of harvest to recoup initial investment Growth potential is in forest residues Are these ambitious bioenergy growth aspirations realistic? Facing the Facts European Commission Environment Social Economic Politics Scientists landowner environmental
organizations managers private bodies Conclusions Objective :
ensure a sustainable, environmentally and socially
sound production of biomass Certification Organisation
(FSC, PEFC, ISCC) Certification Body Forest Manager workload ecological constraints Need reinforced environmental frameworks and legislative processes to ensure the development does not come at the expense of sustainable use social aspects Management through certification schemes similar to those in the forestry sector Largest supply Promotion & Regulation 2. Chain of Custody 3. Energy Use 1. Production Management -Subsidy on certification
especially for group certification
-Development of regional certification system in accordance with international standards
(FSC, PEFC, IFCC with WTO)
-More study on land use effect & GHG along Biomass Life Cycle EU 2020 goals require significant and quick increase in biomass production Certification is a tool that can be utilized to reach goals sustainably Biomass chain needs to be certified and key stakeholders influence the decision process Both national policies and international treaties limit forest management and biomass trade Certification allows for the verification of the production chain in the most credible way Policy regarding production, distribution and consumption of biomass must be balanced to ensure success -Local biomass distribution chain
(more visible & manageable)
-Prohibition of domestic & international trade of illegally/unsustainable harvested source
(Combat Illegal Logging Act of 2007 or Lacey Act)
-> Requirement of legality/sustainability certification Sarah Booth, Vera Kopp, Yuki Nakamura, Vera Steinberg, Kenton Stutz, Ruyao Zhu Example of the structure of the organization around a certification system
(Vis et al 2008, modified ) Regulations at International Level National regulations on forest management
Policies, Programmes, Laws
Influence/reflect states' reactions to global treaties National regulations on trade of biomass
Likewise for management
Quarantines, tariffs, politics International Regulations
Target specific concerns
Guides decisions and actions International Agencies
Intergovernmental Panel on Forests and Intergovernmental Forum on Forests (IPF/IFF)
United Nations Forum on Forests (UNFF) Certification Systems Reduce substantial additional risk to any business especially in environmentally and socially conscious markets. Advantages Disadvantages On criteria: On implementation: Principles difficult to be translated into measurable quantities; Criteria for indirect effects are difficult to define and verify; Trade measures may violate the WTO's regulations; Barriers for small stakeholder entry. Risks for credibility. Implementation of criteria concerning ecological impacts varies; Can at best be a solution to avoid extreme abuses. Create incentives for sustainable production. Create customer and consumer confidence. (FAO 2010) (FAO 2010) References:
FAO Forestry Paper 2010, Global Forest Resources Assessment. Main report. Italy.
Fehrenbach, H., Giegrich, J., Reinhardt, G, Schmitz, J., Sayer, U., Gretz, M., Seizinger, E., Lanje, K. 2008, Criteria for a Sustainable Use of Bioenergy on a Global Scale. Research report 206 41 112 UBA-FB 001176/E. Umweltbundesamt.
Hogan, M., Otterstedt, J., Morin, R., Wilde, J. 2010, Biomass for Heat and Power: Opportunities and Economics. European Commission.
IEA Bioenergy 2009, Bioenergy - A Sustainable and Reliable Energy Source - A review of status and prospects. ISCC 202
ISCC 2010, Sustainability Requirements for the Production of Biomass.
ISCC 2011, System Basics for the certification of sustainable biomass and bioenergy. 201 System Basics EU.
ISCC 2013, ISCC system. http://www.iscc-system.org/ [online] accessed: 06.02.2013. Cologne.
Riala, M., Asikainen, A. 2012, Future of forest energy in Europe in 2030. Working Paper of the Finnish Forest Research Institute (244).
Smeets and I. Lewandowski (2005). The impact sustainability criteria on the costs and potentials of bioenergy production. An exploration of the impact of the implementation of sustainability criteria on the costs and potential of bioenergy production applied for case studies in Brazil and Ukraine. Utrecht, the Netherlands, Utrecht University.
Vis, M.W. , Vos, J., Van den Berg, D. 2008, Sustainability Criteria & Certification Systems for Biomass Production. Project Paper of Biomass Technology Group, the Netherlands. ISCC 2011 Partners communities “Certification
is the process whereby an independent third-party (called a certification body) assesses the quality of management in relation to a set of predetermined requirements (the standard)” (Smeets&Lewandowski,2005) ISCC (2010) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 ex.) financed with environmental taxation