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Transcript of Coast Guard
Lisa Austin, Trevor Rippeon The U.S. Coast Guard The Coast Guard's official history began on 4 August 1790
when President George Washington signed the
Tariff Act that authorized the construction of ten vessels,
referred to as "cutters,"
to enforce federal tariff and trade laws and to prevent smuggling.
Known variously through the nineteenth and early twentieth
centuries as the "revenue cutters,"
the "system of cutters," and finally the Revenue Cutter Service,
it expanded in size and responsibilities as the nation grew. History Ranks and uniform For over two centuries the U.S. Coast Guard has safeguarded our Nation’s maritime interests in the heartland, in the ports, at sea, and around the globe. We protect the maritime economy and the environment, we defend our maritime borders, and we save those in peril. This history has forged our character and purpose as America’s Maritime Guardian — Always Ready for all hazards and all threats.
Today’s U.S. Coast Guard, with nearly 42,000 men and women on active duty, is a unique force that carries out an array of civil and military responsibilities touching almost every facet of the U.S. maritime environment.
The Coast Guard's motto is Semper Paratus, meaning "Always Ready." Mission Any Questions? Mission Cont. The Coast Guard carries out three basic roles, which are further subdivided
into eleven statutory missions. The three roles are:
Non-homeland security missions:
Search and rescue
Aids to navigation marine resources (fisheries law enforcement)
Marine environmental protection
Homeland security missions
Maritime law enforcement
Ports, waterways and coastal security (PWCS)
Search and Rescue Missions cont. Period 7 The Coast Guard is one of the oldest organizations of the federal government and until Congress established the Navy Department in 1798 it served as the nation's only armed force afloat. The Coast Guard protected the nation throughout its long history and served proudly in every one of the nation's conflicts. The Coast Guard's national defense responsibilities remain one of its most important functions even today. In times of peace it operates as part of the Department of Homeland Security, serving as the nation's front-line agency for enforcing the nation's laws at sea, protecting the marine environment and the nation's vast coastline and ports, and saving life. In times of war, or at the direction of the President, the Coast Guard serves as part of the Navy Department. History Cont. Unit Locations Equipment History Ranks And Uniform Equipment And Units Thank You