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Copy of brief History of Midwifery in Philippines
Transcript of Copy of brief History of Midwifery in Philippines
History of Midwifery in the Philippines
The practice of midwifery was first regulated in the Philippines with the enactment of Public Act No. 310 on December 4, 1901. The law created the Medical Board of Examiners which regulated both the medicine and midwifery professions.
- When Republic Act No. 2382 or the “Medical Act of 1959” was approved, the regulation of midwifery was separated from medicine. A Board of Examiners for Midwives was subsequently created with the enactment of Republic Act No. 2644 on June 18, 1960.
- The first Board was composed of Valeriano B. Fugoso Jr. as Chairman and Vicenta Castro-Ponce and Angelina I. Ponce as Members.
Valeriano B. Fugoso Jr. as Chairman
- Dr. Fabella aimed to supplant the unlicensed midwives by training young women in midwifery. High school graduates were accepted to train in midwifery in one year.
- In 1947, a number of midwifery graduates from all over the country initiated an alumni association to improve the midwifery profession. The organization then was known as, the "Philippine Midwifery Association (PHIMIDAS)." It was headed by Atty. Angelina I. Ponce.
held its first national convention sometime on August of 1961.
Eventually it resulted to the formation of the National Federation of Filipino Midwives (NFFM).
The NFFM was formally registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) on August 22, 1961
The Integrated Midwives Association of the Philippines (IMAP), Inc. was created and was accredited by the Professional Regulation Commission on September 5, 1975.
- IMAP, Inc. was formally registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 17, 1976.
- In 1992, IMAP, Inc. launched the Scholarship Program to benefit the poor, but deserving children of bona fide IMAP members and the IMAP, Inc.
- Dr. Jose Fabella founded the first school of midwifery in May 1922.
Dr. Jose Fabella
History of the Midwifery
The term midwife is derived from Middle English: midwyf literally "with-woman"
According to the definition of the International Confederation of Midwives, which has also been adopted by the World Health Organization and the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics:
antiquity covered a wide range of women, including old women who continued folk medical traditions in the villages of the Roman Empire, trained midwives who garnered their knowledge from a variety of sources, and highly trained women who were considered female physicians
Midwives provide maternity care from early pregnancy to 6 weeks postpartum. The midwifery scope of practice covers normal pregnancy and birth. The midwife will either consult or transfer care where there is a departure from a normal pregnancy.
Maya of Guatamela
- The Maya believe that being pregnant is to be "yawa", meaning ill.
Mrs. Leoncia Chuatoco
midwifery was a recognized female occupation, as attested by the Ebers Papyrus which dates from 1900 to 1550 BCE. Five columns of this papyrus deal with obstetrics and gynecology, especially concerning the acceleration of parturition and the birth prognosis of the newborn.
Agnodice or Agnodike
was the earliest historical apocryphal, and likely midwife mentioned among the ancient Greeks.
- Midwives in the United States provide assistance to childbearing women during pregnancy, labor and birth, and the postpartum period. Before the turn of the 20th Century, traditional midwives were informally trained and helped deliver almost all births.
- The association worked for the distance learning, or open university program of the Bachelor of Science in Community Health Service at the "Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila" (PLM) and Trinity College, Quezon City.
- This school was named Maternity and Children's Hospital.
"A midwife is a person who, having been regularly admitted to a midwifery educational program that is duly recognized in the country in which it is located, has successfully completed the prescribed course of studies in midwifery and has acquired the requisite qualifications to be registered and/or legally licensed to practice midwifery."
- The midwife is an obstetrical and religious specialist all at once. She provides prenatal care, massage, attends delivery, and takes care "takes charge of" mother and child after birth.
Midwifery in the different part of the World
Mary Joy C. Salmingo
"the woman with (the mother at birth), the woman assisting"
Midwifery in Different Part of the World
- Midwives are practitioners in their own right in the United Kingdom, and take responsibility for the antenatal, intrapartum and postnatal care of women, up until 28 days after the birth, or as required thereafter.
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- Midwives are the third most powerful leaders in the community, and the most powerful among women.
- People say that they give life to a child as the majority of tribal areas have no doctors. Midwives also solve problems between women.
- They are called
(knowledge woman, female midwives).
Midwives are primary care providers for women in all stages of pregnancy, from prenatal to six weeks postpartum. Midwives also care for newborns.
- Apart from childbirth and immediate postpartum care, midwives are the first line of care in pregnancy control and education of mothers-to-be. Typical information that is given to mothers includes information about food, alcohol, life style, travel, hobbies, sex, etc