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Preparing and Delivering Your First Speech

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Kathryn Hobson

on 1 March 2015

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Transcript of Preparing and Delivering Your First Speech

Choose a topic
Preparing and Delivering Your First Speech
Introductions:
Capture audience attention
Speech Characteristics
Effective delivery occurs with a controlled use of the voice and body

so...

Be enthusiastic, confident, and direct
Methods of Delivery

*Strive for naturalness*
Speaking from a manuscript
: Reading a speech word-for-word;
Speaking from memory
: Memorizing a speech and delivering it word-for-word;
Speaking impromptu
: speaking that is unpracticed, spontaneous, and improvised;
Speaking extemporaneously
: Falls between impromptu and written/memorized. Speaking from a key word outline, ample preparation, natural delivery.
Four methods of delivery
Volume:
The relative loudness of a speaker's voice

Pitch:
The range of sounds from high to low or low to high

Rate:
The speed at which one speaks. This is the most effective way to hold an audience's attention and convey meaning.

Pauses:
Strategic pauses can be used in a speech to emphasize a point.

Strive for vocal variety, work on pronunciation and articulation.
The Voice:Not the television show, but finding and using your voice
The body in delivery
Nonverbals: Facial expressions, gestures, eye contact, and physical appearance convey meaning and can clarify (or muddle) verbal messages.
In pairs take turns emphasizing each word.
exps: "
I
never said he hit his dog."
I
never
said he hit his dog."

How does the meaning change, depending on the emphasis?
"I never said he hit his dog"
In a whisper
In an Elmo voice
As fast as you can
Pause between each word
Instead of "important," say, "importance," instead of "speech," say, "sfeech."
Mumble the sentence
Say the sentence in a monotone voice
"When giving a speech, it is very important for a speaker to engage in vocal variety"
Analyze the audience
Determine the purpose of the speech
Create a thesis
Organize the speech around two-three main points
Research the topic/points to prove the thesis
Outline the Speech: Intro, body, and conclusion
Consider presentation aids
Practice delivering the speech
Thesis statements: Clearly express the central idea of the speech. Thesis statements concisely identify what the speech is about.
Body:
Organizes the main points and subpoints, which support the thesis.
Main points: Primary pieces of knowledge, or arguments in your speech.
Coordinate points: Main points of speech which are of equal importance;
Subordinate points: These points comprise the substance of the main points.
Conclusion:
Restates the thesis in a memorable way and leaves a motivating way.
Generating Several Ideas
Topic outlines use key words to begin a basic structuring of a speech.
Concept mapping: visual method of showing how ideas to relate to one another.
Manipulate notes spatially or linearly, actually writing out note cards, stickies and manually moving them around.
Main Points:
Choose main points that correspond to your thesis.
Main points are primary ideas, those that are central and indispensable to the development of the thesis.
You may need to adjust your thesis to reflect the refinement of your ideas.
Complete Speaker's workshop 9.1
Select Main Points that are Mutually Exclusive
Sometimes, when you are grouping ideas into main points, you will find that they could fit into multiple categories. If this happens, you know you need a new system for characterizing your main ideas.
Ideally, if you have mutually exclusive points, you will know exactly which main point it should fall under, with no overlap. (126-27)
General flow of ideas
Introduction
connective to body of speech
First Main Point
Subpoint
Supporting materials
Subpoint
Supporting materials

Second Main Point
Subpoint
Supporting materials
Subpoint
Supporting materials

connective to body of speech
Third Main Point
Subpoint
Supporting materials
Subpoint
Supporting materials

connective to body of speech
connective to body of speech
Conclusion
Full transcript