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Treasure of Nimrud (Assyrian)

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Rebecca Deuley

on 30 January 2014

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Transcript of Treasure of Nimrud (Assyrian)

Treasure of Nimrud (Assyrian)


Rebecca Deuley
Where was the Treasure of Nimrud found?
Found in the ancient Assyrian city of Kalhu.
Todays northern Iraq
History of Nimrud
Kalhu
Built by the Assyrian king Shalmaneser I
1274 BC-1245 BC
Middle Assyrian Empire
Ashur was capital from c. 2500 BC

Nimrod (
the hunting hero in the Bible)
Where did the name Nimrud come from?
Ashurnasirpal II made Kalhu the capital during the Neo Assyrian Empire
883 BC - 859 BC
Large palace and Temples
How did Nimrud become a thriving city?
Opening ceremony with festivities and banquet in 879 BC
King Ashurnasirpal II
100,000 inhabitants
Partied for 10 days
Botanic gardens
Zoo
Grand Opening of Kalhu
Tiglath-Pileser III (745 BC-727 BC)
Major building works in the city
Introducing Eastern Aramaic as the common language
706 BC Sargon II moved the capital to Khorsabad
Major city
Royal residence
612 BC:Destroyed during the fall of the Assyrian Empire
Invasion of the Medes.
Major Influences on Kalhu

City of Kalhu
Rectangle
Enclosed by mud brick fortification wall
7.6 km long
360 ha (<1.5 mi2)
Excavation
1820:British traveler Claudius James
1845-1851:Austen Henry Layard
believed part of Nineveh
1853-1854:Hormuzd Rassam
1854-1855:W.K. Loftus
1873:George Smith
1877-1879: Rassam
Nimrud was left untouched for almost 60 years.
Major People
1949:A British School of Archaeology in Iraq team
Max Mallowan
1958:David Oates
1963: Julian Orchard
Pieces of gold jewelry and precious stones
Sculptures
Statue of Ashurnasirpal II
Colossal winged man-headed lions
Inscriptions dealing with king Ashurnasirpal II
Temples to Ninurta (God of war) and Enlil (God of air)
Building assigned to Nabu (God of writing and the arts)
Treasure of Nimrud
Colossal winged man-headed lions
27 tons each
5 legs (standing firmly & striding forward)
Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III
Six-and-a-half-feet tall
Commemorates the king's victorious campaigns from 859–824 BCE
Israelites bow in the dust before king Shalmaneser III
Golden crown
The palace of King Ashurnasirpal II
Mirror
Belonging to queen Atalia.
Citadel
Tombs for Queens Yaba, Banitu, and Atalia (wives of Ashurnasipal II, Tiglath-Palisser III, and Sargon II)
The main tomb of Yaba (a queen of Tiglath-Palisser III)
Mountain crystal.Inscribed with queen Banitu's name
Lioness Attacking a Nubian
Ivory plaque
Overlaid with gold
Thieves of Nimurd
1,000 pieces of gold, crowns, necklaces, bracelets and precious stones
Been seen in public only once, briefly, in 1989.
Year later moved to the Central Bank
Had not been seen until 2005
Found under 20 ft. water
Still some pieces missing

Brazier
824 BC
Used to heat up the throne room of King Shalmaneser III
The End!
Ashurnasirpal II
King of Assyria (883-859 BC)
Height: 113.000 cm
Width: 32.000 cm
Depth: 15.000 cm
Magnesite
Ashurnasirpal II at War, c. 875 BCE
Limestone reliefs lined the halls of the throne room
Height 39 inches.
King attacking enemies and wild beasts.
A winged deity above the king both protects him and blesses the event.
Enclosed 24 ha (<1mi)
Northwest Palace of Ashurnasirpal II
Function: Housing officials, center for caravan trade,a treasury, and a granary
> 650 feet long and 425 feet wide
Throne Room
Massive courtyard
Brightly painted reliefs
Ivory carvings
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