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Canadian World War 1

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Hossein Mohebbi

on 19 May 2016

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Transcript of Canadian World War 1


Archdukes Assassination
How Did Canadians Feel about War
For :
Did Canada Gain Anything after the War
Canada appeared as a more independent nation in the eyes of the British Empire after earning respect in battles such as Vimy Ridge, The Sommes and Passchenaele.
The strategic planning of Canadian officers gained Canada even more respects as the world began to see Canada as a independent military power.
Canada was given a seat at the Paris Peace Conference as an independent nation rather than as a member of the British Commonwealth Delegation.

Factors Leading To World War 1
Should Canada have been Involved in WW1
Canada, was a strong and powerful colony. This was one of the most motivational movements in the act of going to war.

They wanted to be recognized as hero's, and a strong independent nation, and that's precisely what happened. Canada was also very influenced to join the war because, they were motivational to fight for their country

Canada gained many, many things in reward for an outstanding performance in the war. Canada also lost many thing for instance, money and people. Economical issues were a problem, but were resolved later on in time.

They lost 66,000 soldiers, but that wasn't a huge number compared to the 7,879,000 people living in Canada in 1914. Our numbers have grown enormously, since then.

Have you ever heard of the quote "Canada went to war as colony, came out as a country", because of World War 1 Canada is one of the world's most powerful nations.

In the beginning of the 20th Century, Canada was still a growing country. It needed to be taken care of and not be put in the middle of a battlefield.

The saddest part of any war is the Casualties and Canada had large numbers of it. Out of the 7,879,000 people living in Canada, 620,000 men had to serve in the army. Out of these brave, loyal soldiers, 66,000 died and 172,000 got wounded. Imagine how the soldier's family felt after losing a loved one. If Canada had not gone to war and kept all the soldiers and money for it's economy, there would be 2-3 million more Canadians alive today. If the soldiers didn't go fight, they would be able have children and by today, their families would have increased our population.

At that time many French Canadians were against the war and didn't want to join. They also had one of the biggest populations in all of Canada. Out of their 390,897 people, they only gave 46,777 men as recruit. The French felt that they had no loyalty for the war, because the war was for Britain not France. That's why they didn't support the war and they didn't help.

Canada wanted to become an independent country, but by joining and supporting Britain in the "Great War", they showed themselves as a colony. If they really wanted to become their own country they could have stood against Britain and strongly say, that they will not help them in their war. Therefore the quote "Canada went to war as colony, came out as a country" is a wrong statement, because when Canada went to war, they were shown as more a colony not a country because they were independent on Britain.

Therefore Canada would have done better as an independant country if they stayed out of the "Great War",.

Why Did Canada go to War

Assassination Of Archduke
Assassination was planned to happen on June 28, 1914
6 assassins who belonged to "The Black Hand", threw a grenade at Ferdinand's car, but luckily, it bounced off and injured 2 army soldiers.
Later, Ferdinand was visiting the soldiers, when one of the 6 assassins (Gavrilo Princip) came and shot him and his wife.
After the Archduke's death in Sarajevo, Bosnia, many conflicts began.
The citizens of Austria-Hungary became very mad at the Serbians and blamed Ferdinand's death on them.
Other countries in Europe had contracts with these two countries, that they would support each other in case of war. There for alliances were made and the great European war began.
This small issue finally led to World War 1 and a giant battle between the countries of Europe.
Who was Archduke Franz Ferdinand?
Archduke Ferdinand was the heir of the Austro-Hungarian throne.
His assassination had the biggest impact leading cause WW1.
Bosnia became part of Austria-Hungary since 1908, however Serbia claimed it to be theirs. This created conflicts between them.
Map of 1914
This map has the countries at the time of 1914 and highlights which countries were on which side.
represents the countries that were neutral and were not involved in WW1.
represents the countries that were on the Central Power side.
represents the countries that were on the Triple Entente side.
The Central Powers were on the Archdukes side and were fighting the Triple Entente for his assassination by Serbia.
After Becoming Mandatory
Time of Being Voluntary
Battle of Passchendaele
Battle of Vimy Ridge
Battle of Sommes
(Image of the Commonwealth Organization)
The Common wealth is an international association which consists the UK and and states that were previously apart of the British Empire. (Democratic and Republic)
During the War there were several Allied countries that would fight their souls out for each other. There were 3 main allied groups that fought in the War.

They were:
Triple Entente, Central Powers,
and Neutral.
Triple Entente: United Kingdom, France, Russia and to a much less degree Japan.
Central Powers: Germany, Ottoman Empire, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria.
Neutral: Spain, Sweden, Norway, Netherlands, Switzerland
These were the main Countries that
were allied throughout the war.
Competition Between European Countries
In the beginning of the war, it was voluntary to join and fight.
You might think because of this no one would join, but the opposite happened. Many, many men joined.
White feathers were put on the doors of the people who didn't go to war, so it humiliated them and caused peer pressure between the communities.
Also, soldiers who went to war got payed, so a lot of people lied about their ages to get in, and make some money.

Location: Vimy Ridge

Era of Time: April 9th - April 12th 1917
Location: Ypres, Belgium

Era of Time: July 31st - November 10th 1917
Location: Northern France (Départment de la Somme)
Era of Time: 1st July- 13th November 1916
Canada won the battle of the Vimy Ridge.
It was the greatest battle that the Canadians have served in.
Greatest victory for Canadians.
11,000 causalities, and of those numbers nearly 3,600 died.
It cost Canadians nearly about 10,000 people killed and wounded.
Vimy Ridge battle, is not a public holiday schools offices, and buses operate to their regular schedule
First great offensive war of World War 1
French attacked Sommes and achieved greater advances than the British did.
57,476 deaths were greater than the total casualties combined in the Crimen, Boer, and Korean War.
Canada won the battle.
Battle lasted months without either sides making progress.
British had 275,000 casualties at Passchendaele to the Germans 220,000 making it one the most costly battles to the Canadians.
In the end, 9 soldiers received the Victoria Cross recognition, to their outstanding effort at the Passchendaele front.
Picture of a house at the time of WW1 with a white feather on it. This means that the family living there didn't serve in the war.
Sources Used
http://www.warmuseum.ca/cwm/exhibitions/guerre/the-somme-e.aspx for vimy ridge and Passchendaele
Flashback Canada Textbook
Eye Witness book of World War 1
An anti-conscription parade in Montreal on May 17, 1917
Conscription Happening
After the "Battle of Somme", Canada was in desperate need of soldiers. However, there were not enough men volunteering, to fulfill the army's needs. Canada's only option left, was conscription.
The "Military Service Act" was done on August 29, 1917. The act was passed and it allowed Canada to conscript men, if the Prime Minister felt it was needed.
All French Canadians were against conscription. Their loyalty was only to Quebec, not Britain nor France.
The English Canadians supported the war and were very loyal to Britain.
After conscription happened, any one over the age of 18 had to join the army and fight. If a man had physical problems, was disabled or was very old, they could stay.
At that time many Canadians were not enthusiastic about joining the war and many of them wanted exemption from combat.
In many communities it became popular that if a man refused to serve in the army, he would be put in front of 2 Judges. Then the man would have to explain why he wanted exemption. If the Judges were not convinced, the man was allowed to appeal. If the Judges approved the man was allowed to stay and he wasn't sent overseas.
Arms Race
"Arms Race" is a competition between two or more countries to have the best armed forces. They compete to have the greater weapons, larger armies and superior military technology.
Arms Race During WW1
Between 1891-1919 the countries of Europe had a very large "Arms Race".
The countries involved were Britain, France, Russia, Germany and a few more.
Germany envied Britain's superior navy. The two countries would battle in making the best Dreadnought class-ships. The Dreadnought was a battleship that belonged to Britain's navy. This "Arms Race" began by the ship's launch in 1906 and it lasted until June 1914. Then the great war broke-out.
The only remaining Dreadnought ship that is still afloat from the time of 1912.
In the beginning of the 20th century, the countries of Europe were increasingly hostile to each other.
Britain and France competed for land and trade.
Austria-Hungary and Russia both tried dominating the Balkan states of Europe.
Military tensions between the countries caused strong alliances to form.
A naval "Arms Race" occurred in Europe.
Finally, by the end of 1914, the "Great War" started.
Against :
The Canadians that were supportive about the Idea of going to war, felt like it would be a great opportunity to become hero's and gain respect of other countries who had already declared war.
English speaking Canadians continued to view themselves as British subjects and felt it was their duty to support the empire.
World War 1 was said to be "the war to end all wars" and Canadians wanted to get involved before the war was over.
Many Canadians wanted to gain acknowledgment as an independent country, and they saw the war as a great opportunity to seize this goal.
The French Canadians were against having to go to war because unlike their English speaking countrymen they felt no ties to Britain
Many Canadians felt there were other ways to contribute to the war effort without sending men overseas. They believed they could supply weapons or supply the allies with food.
The French felt that the Canadian Army was biased because they mainly had English speaking officials and no French speaking officials.
The Beaver is a symbol that represents our great nation, Canada! At the time of World War 1, the beaver represented Canada in the war and the lion represented Scotland.
This poster was a propaganda tool that was used during the time of WW1, to influence the mind of young men to join the war.
This is a picture of many people who were against joining war and giving military service. They have gathered and were objecting to the government, so they can get exemption.
Heir [air]
- someone who has the right to inherit money or wealth after someones death.
Conscription [kuhn-skrip-shuhn]
- mandatory enrollment of persons for military or naval service; draft.
Exemption [ig-zemp-shuhn]
- being free from an obligation, when it's mandatory for others.
Arms Race
- is a competition between two or more countries to have the best armed forces. They compete to have the greater weapons, larger armies and superior military technology.
Casualty [kazh-oo-uhl-tee]
- when members of the army are lost in service due to death, wounds, sickness, capture, or because his or her whereabouts or condition cannot be determined.
- of, in, or relating to a navy
- apply to a higher court for a reversal of the decision of a lower court.


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