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3 Gorges Dam Great Migration of the Chinese
Transcript of 3 Gorges Dam Great Migration of the Chinese
Intending to enhance the living standards of the Chinese, the Chinese government built the 3 Gorges Dam. The dense population of China near the location where the dam was being developed was relocated because the area was no longer safe for them to live in.
Three Gorges Dam, China crosses the Yangtze River at Sandouping, Yichang, Hubei province, China. The Yangtze is the longest river in Asia and the third longest in the world, running 3,860 miles. The toponym refers to the majestic limestone cliffs of the Qutang, Wu, and Xiling gorges.
Without a choice, the villagers near the dam were obligated to move. It was forced migration. More than 1.2 million were displaced.
Ravenstein's Law of Migration
Innovative or Conservative Migration
Hearth and Migration Paths
By: Theresa Pham, Kathleen McKee, Alyssa Freeman
The migration of the Chinese after the generation of the 3 Gorges Dam is innovative. The people had to adapt to a slightly new lifestyle away from the river to which they were accustomed to because the arable land allowed a different type of crop to prosper.
The world’s largest hydropower project has been plagued by political corruption, spiraling costs, human rights violations. Around 1.3 million people who were forced to relocate were denied human rights, the economic burden of the dam was $30 billion, and more than 180,000 protests occur annually due to the revolting citizens.
The 607 feet tall and 3,319 yards wide dam required 17 years to complete, therefore, during those 17 years, people were continuously migrating. It was fully functional on July 4, 2012, therefore the project is considered to be a 21st century event.
The 3 Gorges Dam provides flood control, power generation, navigation and tourism for the nation but resulted in environmental defects such as polluted water and resettlement complications.
After the water storage, about 129 cities and towns including Wanxian and Fuling were flooded. The migrants were allocated to nearby provinces like Hubei, Chongqing, Anhui, Hunan, Jiangsu, Shanghai, and Fujian to make a living.
The population that are emigrating are mostly everyone, but especially the middle aged men along with families to support. Because they migrated a short distance, the residents from the Three Gorges stayed in the rural society and atmosphere.
The internal-intraregional migration of the Chinese is an evidence that most migration proceeds over a short distance and remain within the same country. The Chinese were not ordered to migrate out of the country but rather to close by provinces.