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Sophie Germain

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Kayla Herron

on 16 November 2012

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Transcript of Sophie Germain

SOPHIE GERMAIN MATHEMATICS IN A MAN'S WORLD Sorry, No Girls Allowed She is one of few women whose work is
recorded in early mathematics history.
Germain made notable discoveries in number theory, acoustics and the theory of elasticity.This was sometimes known as "the Hypatia of the 19th century." Quotes by Germain "Algebra is but written geometry and geometry is but figured algebra."
-Sophie Germain Biographical Information Anecdotes Contributions Sophie Germain was a French mathematician born in 1776. She was born in Paris, France. Germain was the daughter of a wealthy, upper-class family, but never married. Sophie died of cancer in 1831 at the age of 55. Since she was a woman, she was denied the entrance into education and scientific institutions, these would have helped her interests in mathematics and science. She gained a big education through extensive correspondence with some of the finest mathematicians. THANK YOU FOR WATCHING! I hope you enjoyed and learned lots from this! This is a picture of
Sophie Germain at
a young age. This was a coin Sophie
was on. The coin had
her name and the years
of her birth and death. Palindromes were one of the
things she was famous for.
Here are some examples:Mom,
Wow, Race car, Deed,Taco cat, Civic,
Level,Bird rib, Dumb mud, Evil olive, and
Dna land. One day Germain was reading a book and stumbled
upon the story of Archimedes death. The words painted a vivid picture in her mind. Archimedes was so absorbed in his work that he did not notice that there was a soldier standing above him about to kill him with a spear. Germain was determined to find out what he was so absorbed in. She later found it was mathematics. So Germain decided to dedicate her life to the same pursuit. Germains' Life Although Germain's parents provided her with a good education, they became alarmed when she perfected mathematics instead of more traditionally feminine pursuits like cooking and dancing.They thought "brain work" could be dangerous for a young girl. Germain often stayed up late reading mathematics books and trying to figure out problems. Germains parents devised a plan: they would take away all heat in her room and remove all light sources. The child should have no alternative but to crawl under the covers and go to sleep. The plan backfired Germain found a way to smuggle candles into her shoes and then into her room. She would then get out of bed when the rest of family was asleep and grab a comforter and do problems by candlelight. Some of Germain's most significant work
was on the mathematics of elasticity.
In the year of 1816, the French Academy offered a prize for research in this area. Germain decided to submit her findings. The prize (a one kilogram gold medal worth 3000 francs) was not as important as Germain's distinction of being the first woman to receive the award. Grand Prize Winner The Guass Connection In 1804 Germain wrote to Carl Gauss the mathematician. She wrote that she had read his work in number theory, and she offered suggestions based on her own work. Germain was afraid that her ideas might be rejected if he knew her real gender, so she signed the name M. Leblanc. The two talked for more than three years before Germain told him her true identity. Germain became one of his most favorite fans and declared that she be honorary decorate by the University of Gottingen. When Germain was 18, the historic Ecole Polytechnique was founded in Paris. This school became the center for mathematicians and scientist. Many important advances can be traced to the students and professors who worked there. Woman were not allowed here. she was disappointed but not discouraged. She contacted some of the male students and set up to borrow their notes. When it was time to turn in projects she would sign her name with a male name, Monsieur Leblanc, the professor was so impressed with her work that he began wanting to meet him. Germain feared his disapproval , but he was open-minded and encouraging. He even helped her establish a correspondence with other scholars working on number theory.
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