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Native Hawaiian Food Sovereignty

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Kalei Hanawahine

on 9 December 2013

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Transcript of Native Hawaiian Food Sovereignty

Native Hawaiian Food Sovereignty
The Future of Hawai'i
Creation Story
Kalo kanu o ka 'aina
Papa, Wakea and
Haloa naka
"long stalk trembling"
keiki alualu
lau kapalili
progenitor of all Kanaka Maoli
Kalo vs. 'Uala
Lo'i Kalo
Mullets in Guam River
a sea bird eats the mullet
Guam to Hawaii
Uses for Lo'i Kalo
Rituals & Offerings
GMO Kalo
"Instead of supporting untested technologies like genetic engineering the University of Hawai'i should redirect their resources to focus on researching and promoting workable, non-GMO solutions to local agricultural problems. Hawai'i farmers need agricultural advantages that can protect their farms and our state's agricultural economy over the long run"
-Dr. Hector Valenzueala
The University of Hawai'i
A "Hawaiian" Place of Learning
UH Denies Involvement
Rumors on Maui
UH admits to Research
2002 Patents
2005-Haloa Ceremony
2006- Protest UH Medical Building
Drops Patents
June 2006
Genetic Testing "only" on Asian Taro
The Purpose of UH
Standing at the crossroads
Genetically Modified Oppression
Owning biodiversity=Playing "God"
Public Trust Doctrine Threat
Plants and animals "owned" by a few corporations
Cross-Pollination Contamination
Non-GMO Sustainability
Protect Biodiversity
Farmers & Local Businesses
What you can do...:)
Vote with Your $
Join Groups
Speak Up
And Others
The Future is in Our Hands
Uala - Sweet Potato
not adaptable to
spoils quicker
less healthy
Adaptable in environment
wet, dry, altitude, climate
Overall Versatility
Food - Medicine - Rituals
The Hawaiian Planter & Hawaiian Identity
Works Cited
Facing Hawai'i's Future
Hawaiian Fish Pond (loko iʻa)
Hawaiian Fish Ponds (loko iʻa)
-existed for over 2,000 years

-produced thousands of fish as well as ogo(seaweed) for communities.

-hundreds of fish ponds existed before the arrival of foreigners.

-communities would maintain it while taking only what they needed
Decline of Fish Ponds
-decimation of native population from disease
-sandlewood trade
-destruction of pond walls ordered by chiefs
-changes in land tenure resulting from Great Mahele of 1848
-natural events

-constructed of coral and permeable rock
-allowed water to flow and reduce stagnation
-curved design
-stones on outer wall angled downwards for wave movement

Fish Pond Walls
Sluice gate (Makaha)
-vertical wooden sticks
-1 to 7 throughout one pond.
-small fish enter/ prevent large fish from leaving.
-aided water circulation, fish harvesting and stocking, and silt removal.
-guardhouse called hale ka'i.
2500 Miles
$3.7 Billion
"Food Miles"
Miles of transportation
Steady Decline since 1970
1970: 240 egg farms (self sufficient)
2009: 100 egg farms
1970: 120 dairy operations (self sufficient)
2013: 2 dairy operations
80% Milk Imported
67% Fresh Veggies Imported
65% Fruits Imported
150 a week
90% Beef Imported

Food Security and Self Sufficiency
Current State
Increase Demand and Accessibility
"Try Buy Local/It Matters"
Improve branding and labeling of local products
Encourage public institutions to purchase locally grown foods
Farm to School Program
Food Incubator
Increase Production
Agricultural Parks Program
provide cheaper long term land lease
12 Parks
Capital Improvement Project
Improve Irrigation
11 Irrigation systems
Restoration Efforts
-started during WWII to increase food for increased civilian and military population:
-1965: Rockefeller Foundation (12 fishponds on Moloka'i).
-1986-90 Department of Historic Preservation, Maui County and the Hawaii Department of Business Economic Development and Tourism (2 fishponds on Moloka'i)
1991-1993 Farmers Home Administration and U.S. Department of Agriculture (2 fishponds in Hana, Maui).
-1995-current: U.s. Department of Agriculture (at least 4 fishponds on Moloka'i).
-collect invasive limu
-plant native limu
-cut down mangroves and use for renewable resources
-reconstruct fishpond walls.
Get Involved
Education/Connecting to Land
-using fishponds as an educational tool to teach and preserve the culture of Hawaiians.
-malama i ka aina - preserving evidence of past that withstood the test of time.
-feel connected to the land
-"land is chief, man is its servant"
Understanding aloha aina
-Positive Outlook-
--Patriotism/National Consciousness--
---innate part of our being---

Ho i hou i ka iwi kuamoo
"getting hands back in the land is the most powerful way to reestablish the very essence of Hawaiian identity" -Andre Perez
Unifying Kanaka Maoli
*provides a common ground to nurture and care for Haloa > GROUP EFFORT

*Hawaiian Identity > Prison Gang Identity
Building Relationships
"reestablishing land practices is a powerful medium to bring us together that we all know we come from haloa"

working the land is a mechanism to bring us together, this innate sense of humanity and love for one another -Andre Perez
"working the land builds upon the foundation of our identity, we are going back to the source, Haloa"
Establish Hawaiian Identity
$313 Million
$188 Million Sales
$6 Million Taxes
2,300 Jobs
Less Pollution
Reduce Risk of Invasive Species
Hawaii Farm to School and School Garden Hui
60 out 256 have school gardens
22 acres
9680 pounds of food
7 Community Colleges
2 4-year Institutions
College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources
Works Cited
types of Fish ponds
-Loko I'a Kalo - built in mountains close to streams. Raised fish and taro
-Loko wai - freshwater inland ponds
-Loko Pu'uone - isolated shore fishpond. Half salt water half freshwater.
- Loko Kuapa- seawalls built of stone and coral. Most common.
- Loko 'Ume Iki- built on reef flats along the coast.
Reasons Fishponds declined.
Get Involved
Help out at local farms
Maui County Farm Bureau
Hawaii Organic Farmers Association
Kanu Hawaii
Ulupono Initiative
Kapalua Farm Maui
158-acre organic farm
Grow your own garden
Full transcript