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Out in SPACE!

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by

Ariana Evensen

on 7 May 2014

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Transcript of Out in SPACE!

What's in SPACE?
Venus
Mars
Saturn
Out in SPACE!
Let's tour the Solar System
Mercury
How much would you weigh?
Mercury is a small planet, which causes it to have less gravity then earth does. If you weighed 70 lbs on earth you would weigh only 27 lbs on Mercury!
Mercury....
Is the closest Planet to the sun
Is the smallest planet in the solar system
Has high solar winds
Temperature: -300 to 800 degrees Fahrenheit
The planet is a giant ball of metal
One day on Mercury is equal to 180 earth days
The atmospheric pressure is so strong that small asteroids are crushed when they enter the atmosphere! It would feel like you were deep in the ocean
Venus...
The atmosphere is made up of carbon dioxide
Surface temperature is 864 degrees Fahrenheit, making it the hottest planet in the solar system... I'm not just talking about its looks
Venus's day is longer than one year on Earth
The size of the planet is the same as Earth
Earth
70% of Earths surface is water, which is a big reason why Earth is the only known planet in the solar system that can support human life!
Earth...
Average surface temperature is a nice 56 degrees Fahrenheit
Earth has a powerful magnetic field that protects its surface from solar winds
Atmosphere has an ozone layer that helps keep our planet a comfortable temperature
There are about 8.7 million species on earth... give or take 1.3 million
Mars has the largest dust storms. The storms last for months and cover the entire planet!
Mars...
Like Earth, Mars has poles that are covered in a thick layer of ice
The surface has a layer of rust that causes the planet to look red
The warmest mars ever gets is 68 degrees Fahrenheit
Mars has extreme seasons, it has bitter cold winters and steaming hot summers
Jupiter
Jupiter has a Giant Red Storm on its surface that has been going on for at least 300 years
Jupiter...
Surface temperature is -162 degrees Fahrenheit
Has intense gravity, if you weighed 100lbs on Earth you would weigh 264lbs on Jupiter
Jupiter is a giant ball of gas and liquid
Jupiter is covered in an ocean of hydrogen with a sludge-like look
Atmosphere is made up of helium and methane
Saturn's Rings contain billions of rocks and dust particles
Saturn...
Surface temperature is -218 degrees Fahrenheit
Gravity is almost the same as Earth
One Saturn year is 29.5 Earth year
Has no solid surface, Saturn is a giant ball of gas
Atmosphere is made up of helium and hydrogen
Uranus
Uranus is the coldest planet in the whole solar system and is known as an Ice Giant
Uranus...
Surface temperature is -407 degrees Fahrenheit
Has two sets of rings
Atmosphere is hydrogen and helium
Uranus is also a gas planet with a liquid core
One Earth year is 30,685 days on Uranus
Neptune
Neptune's atmosphere is made up of hydrogen, helium and methane. The methane is what makes the planet look blue
Neptune...
Surface temperature is -330 degrees Fahrenheit
The wind on Neptune blows 1,240 miles per hour. This is 3x faster then hurricanes on Earth!
Is a gas planet with a rocky core
And last but not least
Pluto
In 2006 Pluto was reclassified to a dwarf planet because it does not meet criteria to be considered a planet anymore
Pluto...
Pluto sometimes has an atmosphere.... when Pluto comes close to the sun, the ice melts and a thin atmosphere of methane is created but when the planet moves away from the sun the atmosphere freezes
Surface temperature is -330 degrees Fahrenheit
Pluto's days are very dark, they are so dark that you can see stars during the day
There is very little gravity on Pluto
Create your own Colony
Using all the information we have learned, you are going to create a new colony
Some questions you may want to consider are...
1. What planet will your colony be on?
Here are some examples to get you thinking!
2. What technology do you need to sustain life?
Tour the solar system
Learn about all the different planets
Create your own colony on another planet
The Asteroid Belt
Early in the life of our solar system, dust and rock circling the sun were pulled together by gravity to make planets
Jupiter's gravitational pull disrupted the formation of these planets, and left us with the Asteroid Belt
If it wasn't for Jupiter, our solar system would look very different
The Sun
Nuclear Fusion
Nuclear fusion is the source of all the energy radiated by the sun.
1. It converts hydrogen into helium
2. Converts mass to energy
The Sun...
Contains 99.8% of the total mass of the solar system
The Sun is also rotating
Temperature is 15.6 million Kelvins and the pressure is 250 billion atmospheres
The surface is called the photoshere
Emits a low density stream of charged particles (electron and protons), these are called Solar Winds
Is Earth the only planet with a moon?
There are 6 planets in our solar system that have moons
Which planets are they?
Earth has 1 moon
Mars has 2 moons
Jupiter has 63 moons
Saturn has 62 moons
Uranus has 27 moons
Neptune has 13 moons
What do humans need to survive?
WATER
Breathable Air
Nutrients
Temperature
Pressure (atmospheres)
Ozone: to protect from radiation
Maybe a little chocolate too!
3. What does your planet need to sustain life?
4. How will you get oxygen?
5. How will you compensate for the extra pressure from gravity?
Use your Imagination! Come up with creative ways to obtain oxygen or food supplies.
Create your new civilization!
Why should we look at other planets to live on?
Full transcript