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Substance Abuse in Kenya

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by

Hongphuc Tran

on 2 February 2012

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Transcript of Substance Abuse in Kenya

Amphetamine
Cocaine
Ecstasy
Methamphetamine
Methylphenidate
Nicotine Stimulants Amphetamine side effects Cocaine side effects Inhalants Glue
Nail Polish Remover
Cleaning Fluids
Hair Spray
Petrol
Spray Paint
Fabric Protector
Air Conditoner Fluid
Markers
Others
http://www.nacada.go.ke/drugs/inhalants/ Short Term Symptoms Slurred Speech
Unable to Utilize Coordinate Movements
Dizziness
Confusion
Nausea
Vomiting
Light Headedness
Hallucinations
Loss Consciousness
http://www.nacada.go.ke/drugs/inhalants/ Long Term Symptoms Weight Loss
Muscle Weakness
Disorientation
Inattentiveness
Lack of Coordination Skills
Get Irritated Easily
Depression
http://www.nacada.go.ke/drugs/inhalants/ Heavy Uses Be drowsy for several hours
Experience a lingering headache
Death
http://www.nacada.go.ke/drugs/inhalants/
Sudden Sniffing Death
http://www.cpsc.gov/cpscpub/pubs/389.html Ecstasy side effects Methamphetamine side effects Methylphenidate (Ritalin) side effects Nicotine side effects Alcohol Stats 37% of drugs were introduced to kids 10-14
16,000 are girls
384,000 are boys
68% of university students drink alcohol
http://www.suite101.com/content/alcohol-and-drug-abuse-among-kenyan-children-a268394 What is alcohol? a nervous system depressant TOBACCO Some people think it's a socially acceptable drug What is Khat? What are the symptoms of Khat? Type of alcohol in Kenya: Examples: Bizarre behavior
Lose touch and hearing
Hoarseness
Lose sense of smell
Nosebleeds
Runny nose
Reduce blood flow
Bowel problems Beer
Spirits
Wine
Changa'a
Busaa
Muratina
Banana Nail Polish Remover
Three Main Ingredients: types Statistics about alcohol abuse in Kenya violent behavior
mood disturbances
increased risk of sexual behavior
transmit STI
extreme weight loss
dental problems
paranoia
confusion
visual and auditory delusion Acetone
Toluene
Ethyl Acetate
http://www.carefair.com/beauty/nails/nail_polish_removers_1484.html Smoking Tobacco Khat 47.3% of students in Kisumu said they drink alcohol to enjoy the feeling they get tired
depression
alertness
lack of appetite
dilated pupils
irriability
paranoia
cardio problem
blood pressure
hallucinations 22.7% of primary school children drink alcohol
68% of university students drink alcohol
92% of youths between the ages of 16 and 23 have experimented with drugs and alcohol as they grew up
400,000 students in Kenya are addicted to drugs
10% of students drink alcohol more than three times a week Khat is a leafy green shrub that can grow to tree size
It’s leaves are chewed
Khat has amphetamine-like stimulant affects rapid release of adrenaline hormones
fast heart rate
increase blood pressure
fast and shallow breathing
increased blood glucose Smokeless Tobacco Causes:
Redness to eyes
Lung congestion
Shortness of Breath
Chronic Bronchitis
http://www.carefair.com/beauty/nails/nail_polish_removers_1484.html Causes:
Dizziness
Headaches
Nausea
Confusion
Memory Loss
Birth Defects in Child
http://www.carefair.com/beauty/nails/nail_polish_removers_1484.html rapid release of adrenaline hormones
fast heart rate
increased blood pressure
fast and shallow breathing Health problems and side affects caused by alcohol abuse What are the economic benefits of Khat? Liver disorders
Digestive problems
Heart problems
Diabetes complications
Bone problems
Neurological complications
Increased risk of cancer
Alcohol dimentia
Binge drinking Same effect as Acetone and Toluene
http://www.carefair.com/beauty/nails/nail_polish_removers_1484.html 1. Khat is a stimulant
2. The onset of affect is within 20 minutes
3. Sleeplessness
4. Nervousness
5. Impotence
6. Nightmares
7. Irritability, feelings of anger and violent outbursts
8. Gastro-intestinal tract problems such as constipation and anorexia
9. Reduced birth weight in babies and inhabited location in Khat chewing mothers
10. Inflammation of the mouth and other parts of oral cavity
11. Oral cancer 1. Khat supports farmers and local businesses
2. It brings traders into town which benefit...
1. Hotel owners
2. Transport dealers
3. Market women who sell things
3. Khat in Kenya is thriving. Binge Drinking Binge drinking is when you drink a lot of alcohol within a short period of time with the intention of becoming intoxicated Binge drinking usually lasts a couple of days The person who is heavily intoxicated usually doesn't work, ignores responsibilities, wastes money, and engages in harmful behavior Our global health partnership Seattle, Washington Vuria, Kenya Vuria is a rural part of Kenya
It is on the coast Nervous system drugs
Elevated mood
Increases feeling and energy
Easily get addicted Stimulant drugs: http://safeschoolswichita.com/2010/04/inhalants-the-invisible-threat/ http://www.evecare.com/store/generic/cutexnailpolishremoverregular8floz236ml_6076.php http://www.aboutdrugtreatment.org/drug_substance_addictions/inhalants_drug_treatment.htm Cleveland High School A project based learning STEM school We are EAGLES! STEM: Science Technology Engineering Math treats ADHD
suicidal thoughts
confusion
chest pain
short breath
weird behavior
restlessness
allergic reaction Text source: Stimulants “NIDA for Teens”. Jan 13,2011. http://www.examiner.com/science-news-in-national/meth-exposure-during-pregnancy-correlates-with-abnormal-brain-development Image source: Text source: Drug abuse in Kenya “The beehive, make it easy”. 2010-2011. Jan 14, 2011
< http://kenya.thebeehive.org/en/content/126/3135 > Our colors are red and white Image source: http://www.cocaineaddiction.ws/History_of_Cocaine.htm Text source: The effects of Amphetamine- “Guide 4 Living” 2011. Access Mar 18, 2011 < http://www.guide4living.com/drugabuse/amphetamines-effects.htm > Image source: http://www.livestrong.com/article/162397-amphetamines-for-adhd/ can't find me Text source: Anna Meeker- O’Cennell, How Nicotine Works; “Discovery fit & health”. Updated 2011; Accessed Feb 26, 2011. < http://health.howstuffworks.com/wellness/drugs-alcohol/nicotine3.htm > Image source: http://www.modernguidetohealth.com/drugs-health-supplements/tobacco-nicotine.html Text source: Ecstasy- “Drug Guide” 2010. Access Mar 18, 2011
< http://www.drugfree.org/drug-guide/ecstasy > Image source: http://www.inquisitr.com/79698/studies-find-ecstasy-effective-at-treating-soldiers-with-ptsd/ Text source: Methylphenidate side Effects- “MED TV” 2006-2010. Access Mar 18, 2011
< http://sleep.emedtv.com/methylphenidate/methylphenidate-side-effects.html > Seattle+Vuria=Seavuria Image Source: http://www.medindia.net/news/Death-from-Cirrhosis-Becoming-Common-Among-Lower-Social-Classes-In-Britain-79277-1.htm Image Source: http://concentratedawesome.net/2009/10/22/brew-haha/ Image Source: http://www.britannica.com/blogs/2008/05/rx-wine/ Image Source: http://www.thefiftybest.com/spirits/best_spirits_of_2007/ Image Source: http://web.njcu.edu/dept/counselingcenter/content/e-chug.asp Text Source: http://www.suite101.com/content/alcohol-and-drug-abuse-among-kenyan-children-a268394 Text Source: http://www.bing.com/health/article/mayo-125908/Alcoholism?q=what+is+alcoholism Text Source: http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Drug+abuse+in+Kisumu+town+western+Kenya.-a0200918602 Text Source: http://www.nacada.go.ke/drugs/alcohol/ Text Source: http://www.nacada.go.ke/drugs/alcohol/risk-behaviours/ Text Source: http://www.nacada.go.ke/drugs/alcohol/ Image Source: http://connect.in.com/cleveland-high-school-seattle/images-seattle-cleveland-high--1-402932373572.html Image Source: http://www.seattleschools.org/schools/cleveland/ Imaage Source: http://www.seattle.world-guides.com/seattle_maps.html Image Source: http://www.gordonmumford.com/eastafrica/vhf-01.htm Substance Abuse in Kenya By
Danica Dela Cruz
Hanna Rossen
Hong-Phuc Tran
Tracy Thich
Zola Campbell Why they abuse inhalants? Ease hunger pains
Get high
Peer pressured
Thought it is cool What Is Tobacco? an agriculutral, temperature crop that is grown in the world
is used in cigarettes or cigars
most commonly used for smoking, but is also used for chewing or sniffing which is smokeless tobacco Effects Of Tobacco Text Source: "What Is Tobacco?" Best Doctors in California, Physicians in California. 2010. Web. 14 Jan. 2011. <http://www.pamf.org/teen/risk/smoking/whatis.html>. has higher chance of getting lung cancer and heart attacks
makes bad breath or smell
can cause emphysema and sore throat
causes shortness in breath
can also cause a loss of appetite
increases the chance for blood clot in the vessels Why People Use Tobacco? Text Source: "Chemical Contents & Effects | NACADA." NACADA. 2011. Web. 08 Feb. 2011. <http://www.nacada.go.ke/drugs/tobacco/chemical-contents-effects/>. to reduce peer pressure
to relieve stress
reduce food intake curiosity
it's cheap, avaliable, and can be grown Text Source: "Tobacco Abuse | NACADA." NACADA. 2011. Web. 07 Feb. 2011. <http://www.nacada.go.ke/drugs/tobacco/tobacco-use/>. Text Source: "What Is Tobacco?" Best Doctors in California, Physicians in California. 2010. Web. 14 Jan. 2011. <http://www.pamf.org/teen/risk/smoking/whatis.html>. Cigarettes
Cigars Chewing Tobacco
Sniffing Tobacco
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