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Anointing of the Sick
Transcript of Anointing of the Sick
The Problem of Illness & Suffering
The Life of JP2
The Divine Physician
Anointing of the Sick in the NT
-> "Are any among you suffering? They should pray. Are any cheerful? They should sing songs of praise.
Are any among you sick?
They should call for the elders of the church and have them pray over them, anointing them with oil in the name of the Lord
The prayer of faith will save the sick, and the Lord will raise them up; and anyone who has committed sins will be forgiven."
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Christ the Divine Physician
Why does evil exist?
Why do we suffer?
Why must we die?
These are some of life's greatest questions that we must all confront and wrestle with.
The Problem of Illness and Suffering
Every suffering and illness is a "glimpse of death".
Death's Entrance in Scripture
"By the sweat of your face
you shall eat bread
until you return to the ground,
for out of it you were taken;
you are dust,
and to dust you shall return.”
Death & Suffering
Positive and Negative Effects
anguish, self-absorption & despair
maturity, turn toward essential, & search for God
God's Response to Suffering
Sin spiritually isolates us and suffering/illness physically isolates us.
-- "And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, full of grace and truth."
by St. JP2
Suffering, although intrinsically evil, is a calling to grow in virtue, hope, and love.
Christ's suffering spans across time and space and thus remains open to our own sufferings because we are members of his Body through baptism.
Through our suffering we can actually participate in the redemption of the world thus turning an evil into a good.
(b. 1920 - d. 2005)
Karol Wojtyla Sr.
Died when Karol was 8
Died when Karol was 11
Died when Karol was 20
A man that experienced loss...
A man that experienced oppression...
"I was not at my mother's death, I was not at my brother's death, I was not at my father's death,...At twenty, I had already lost all the people I loved."
Forced Labor in Quarry Mines
Lived under Nazi-occupied Poland
Saved by Cardinal Sapieha
A man that experienced suffering...
"Christ does not answer directly and he does not answer in the abstract this human questioning about the meaning of suffering. Man hears Christ’s saving answer as he himself gradually becomes a sharer in the sufferings of Christ. The answer that comes through this sharing, by way of the interior encounter with the Master, is in itself something more than the mere abstract answer to the question about the meaning of suffering. For it is above all a call. It is a vocation. Christ does not explain in the abstract the reasons for suffering, but before all else he says: "Follow me!" Come! Take part through your suffering in this work of saving the world, a salvation achieved through my suffering! Through my cross. Gradually, as the individual takes up his cross, spiritually uniting himself to the cross of Christ, the salvific meaning of suffering is revealed before him."
-> And getting into a boat he crossed over and came to his own city. And behold, they brought to him a paralytic, lying on his bed; and when Jesus saw their faith he said to the paralytic, “Take heart, my son; your sins are forgiven.” And behold, some of the scribes said to themselves, “This man is blaspheming.” But Jesus, knowing their thoughts, said, “Why do you think evil in your hearts? For which is easier, to say, ‘Your sins are forgiven,’ or to say, ‘Rise and walk’?
But that you may know that the Son of man has authority on earth to forgive sins”—he then said to the paralytic—“Rise, take up your bed and go home.”
And he rose and went home. When the crowds saw it, they were afraid, and they glorified God, who had given such authority to men.
-> When he returned to Capernaum after some days, it was reported that he was at home. So many gathered around that there was no longer room for them, not even in front of the door; and he was speaking the word to them. Then some people came, bringing to him a paralyzed man, carried by four of them. And when they could not bring him to Jesus because of the crowd, they removed the roof above him; and after having dug through it, they let down the mat on which the paralytic lay. When Jesus saw their faith, he said to the paralytic, “Son, your sins are forgiven.” Now some of the scribes were sitting there, questioning in their hearts, “Why does this fellow speak in this way? It is blasphemy! Who can forgive sins but God alone?” At once Jesus perceived in his spirit that they were discussing these questions among themselves; and he said to them, “Why do you raise such questions in your hearts? Which is easier, to say to the paralytic, ‘Your sins are forgiven,’ or to say, ‘Stand up and take your mat and walk’?
But so that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins”—he said to the paralytic— “I say to you, stand up, take your mat and go to your home.”
And he stood up, and immediately took the mat and went out before all of them; so that they were all amazed and glorified God, saying, “We have never seen anything like this!”
Faith and Healing
What is the relationship between faith and healing?
Which is more important to pray for: healing or faith & love? Why?
St. John Paul the Great
He was a man who experienced great suffering first hand.
His suffering allowed him to draw closer to the Lord in a new and profound way.
God meets us as persons, and answers the question of suffering with his own suffering born in love.
"Jesus Christ has taken the lead on the way of the cross. He has suffered first. He does not drive us toward suffering but shares it with us, wanting us to have life and to have it in abundance."
Matter and Form
1. Oil of Olives
2. Anointing on the Forehead and Palms of the Hands
"Through this holy anointing may the Lord in His love and mercy help you with the grace of the Holy Spirit. May the Lord who frees you from your sin save you and raise you up."
Matter and Form
This sacrament can be administered either individually or as a group.
Minister & Recipient
Bishops and Priests
Serious Illness and Care of the Dying,
Any member of the faithful who is seriously impaired by sickness or old age
One's danger of death must be intrinsically connected with sickness
Only for those who have reached the age of reason
2. Anointing of the Sick
Must be in a state of grace to receive if conscious
Most appropriate for the dying
The Sacraments of Christian Initiation
Baptism, Confirmation, & Eucharist
The Sacraments of Christian Death
Penance, Anointing of the Sick, & Eucharist
Healing of Soul
-> Strengthening, peace, and courage in the face of illness and the temptations of evil (anguish, despair, self-isolation)
Healing of Body
-> If the Lord so desires it
Forgiveness of sins
Union with the passion of Jesus
-> Redemptive Suffering
Union with and sanctification of the Church
Preparation of the Final Journey
-> Completes our configuration to Christ and fortifies the last part of our journey