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1940-1949

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Mar Edwards

on 22 October 2015

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Transcript of 1940-1949

1940-1949
“The two-parent, male-breadwinner family is basically extinct.”
MAJOR TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATIONS AND SOCIAL EVENTS OF THE PERIOD
1940
Peter Goldmark invents the colored TV
The first official network broadcast was put on NBC
Karl Pabst invents the jeep
Hitler invades invades Norway, Denmark, the Netherlands and even France
1941
Konrad Zuse invented the first computer controlled by software Z3
Aerosol spray cans was invented by Lyle David Goodloe and WN Sullivan
1941 contd…
Neurotic reactor invented by Enrico Fermi
Japanese surprise attack on US fleet at Pearl harbor; US and Britain declare war on Japan: http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/pearl-harbor/videos
Research on atomic bomb begins
1942
Nazi leaders had a conference to seek final solution to the ‘Holocaust’- systematic genocide of Jews
Declaration of UN was signed in Washington.
Women’s military services was established
Picture of air controller
official insignia of WAAC
1942 Contd…
The first electronic digital computer was built by John Atanssoff and Clifford Berry called ENIAC- Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer
1943
The invention of synthetic rubber used in various areas today. In fashion, it is mostly used for active wears and it is largely used in the production of fabrics like lycra spandex, polyester and nylon. Some hair extensions and wigs also contain synthetic rubber
Scuba dive suit
Synthetic rubber belt
Scuba dive fins
Scuba dive mask
Rubber wrist watch
1943 contd…
Richard James invented the slinky
Presidents Roosevelt (US) and Churchill (Britain) freeze prices, salary and wages to prevent inflation
Income tax withholding was introduced
1944
Kidney dialysis machine was invented by Willem Johan Kolff
Synthetic Cortison invented by Percy Lavon Julian- a powerful anti-inflammatory (steroid) injection.
The G.I. bill of rights was enacted
1944 contd…
Bretton Woods conference creates the IMF and world bank
Woody Guthrie records ‘ this land is yours’- the hit song of the period.
1945
The atomic bomb was invented
Hitler commits suicide
Germany surrenders
U.S. drops atomic bombs on Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Japan signs official surrender
The UN was established
World war ends
1946
The microwave oven was invented by Percy Spencer
League of nations was dissolved
Some Nazi leaders were sentenced to hang
First meeting of UN general assembly opens in London
The movie
‘The Best Years of Our Lives’
debuts and it’s immediately recognized as a classic post war film
"A Diamond is Forever"
- Advertisement from 1948

"Here's Looking At You Kid"
-Rick Blaine (Casablanca) 1942

"Sufferin' Succotash"
-Sylvester (Looney Tunes)
1940

1947
The theory of holography was developed by Dennis Garbor
John Barden, Brattain and William Shockley invent the transistor
A coordinated program to help Europe recover from the ravages of war was proposed
Mobile phones were first invented although not commercially sold until 1983
Anne Frank’s Diary of a young girl was published
1948
Velcro invented by George de Mestral
The scrabble game was invented by Alfred Mosher Butts
Velcro hook
Velcro loop
Robert Hope Jones invented the Wulizer Juke box
Alfred Kingsley publishes ‘Sexual Behavior In The Human Male’
Zamboni ice resurfacing machine was invented by Frank J. Zamboni
Cake mix was invented
1949
BON APETIT
Each person had 48 points’ worth of ration stamps per month for canned, dried, and frozen foods.
The Office of Price Administration issued 123 million copies of a
War Ration Book One
.
The government issued coupons had to be
presented
to the shopkeeper when you were buying things like tea, sugar, butter etc.
It contained stamps that could be used to purchase sugar.
to prove that you were not getting
more
than your
fair
share.
Lifestyles, Traditions, & Habits Of The Period

Major Art Movements
The Slinky hit American markets in 1945 at $1 a piece, and sold the first 400 in just under 90 minutes.
Jackson Pollock
(1912-1956) became known as
"Jack the Dripper"
because of his drip-and-spatter technique that fell upon a canvas laid out horizontally on the floor.
Abstract Expressionism
uncover their most personal feelings directly through making art, and achieve some transformation,or, if possible, some personal awareness.
Originally developed in 1943 during World War II as a failed substitute for rubber, Silly Putty would sit on the shelf for almost 6 years before reaching the owner of a toy store, named Ruth Fallgatter.
The Government Paid artist to paint murals inside Government Buildings.
Arshile Gorky (b.Armenia 1905-1948), Study for Entry for Unexecuted Mural, Marine Transportation Building
(NYC)
Lockheed Lightning
Dolls
TOYS
paper dolls
Dinky Car Model
Happy Kitchen Set
Action Painting
Color Field Painting
Helen Frankenthaler was an American abstract expressionist painter. She was a major contributor to the history of postwar American painting.
Kittyhawk toy plane
Gottlieb's 'Pictographs' (1941-1951) series was his first fully realised work. It was the first time that he incorporated mythology into his painting ...
1940s Telephone
Full transcript