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Transcript of Lev Vygotsky
Name: Lev Semyonovich Vygotsky
Date of Birth: November 5, 1896
Orsha, Russian Empire, now in Belarus
Information on Theorist:
Influenced: Vygotsky Circle
Married to: Roza Noevna Vygodskaia (nee Smekhova)
What type of development was he focused on?
What did he focus on?
Vygostky mainly focused on psychological and cognitive development of a child's growth. While examining their behavior.
How is the development applied to:
Infant: Vygotsky claimed that infants are born with the basic abilities for intellectual development. Vygotsky refers to Elementary Mental Functions –
By Esther Bullert and Chelsey Farquhar
Lev proposed the sociocultural theory. He posited that children learn through hands- on experience like Piaget. Unlike Piaget, he claimed that timely and sensitive intervention by adults when a child is on the edge of learning a new task (called the zone of proximal development) could help children learn new tasks (scaffolding). For an example a parent "helps" an infant to clap or roll their hands to pat-a-cake rhyme, until the infant can clap and roll their hands themselves.
This theory focuses on how aspects of culture, such as values, beliefs, customs and skills, are transmitted from one generation to the next. According to Vygotsky, social interaction, especially involvement with knowledgeable community or family members, helps children to acquire the thought processes and behaviours specific to their culture or society. The changes or growth that children experience as a result of these interactions differs greatly between cultures; this variance allows children to become competent in tasks important or necessary in their particular society
Vygotsky refers to tools of intellectual adaptation - these allow children to use the basic mental functions more effectively/adaptively, and these are culturally determined (e.g. memory mnemonics, mind maps).
How is the Development applied to: Children
How is the Development Applied to: Adolescents
The time periods set aside for language arts and math instruction would include direct instruction alternating with independent work, group activity, and use of technology for reinforcement of concepts. Students would be able to discover their individual style of learning. Too often, we give students preprinted graphic organizers or preset criteria to classify information rather than letting them discover patterns based on criteria of their own (Garner, 2008, p. 35). Social studies would include direct instruction, role playing, computer technology, and small and large group activities. Science would be replicating experiments in small groups after large group demonstration, and discussion in small and large group.
Quotes from Vygotsky
We think that Vygotsky's theory is sort of right in the fact that people learn better with a hands on experience. We also think that he is wrong because lets say that 50% of the world's population works better with hands- on and the other 50 works better by reading, doing some questions then do a test
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McLeod, S. A. (2007). Vygotsky - Simply Psychology. Retrieved from http://www.simplypsychology.org/vygotsky.html\
"Lev Vygotsky." Simply Psychology. Web. 29 Oct. 2013. <http://www.simplypsychology.org/vygotsky.html>.
"Cultural-historical psychology." Wikipedia. Web. 29 Oct. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cultural-historical_psychology>.