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Transcript of South Africa
population: 80% black, 10% coloured , 10% white; (56 million)
11 official languages (mainly English and Afrikaans)
government: unitary parliamentary constitutional republic
: the Netherlander built a permanent station provisions for travelers to India
: Netherlands grants emigrants land around the area of cape town
conflicts with the native Africans or
till the and of 17th century
: More people came to SA (Indonesia, Netherland, France)
more slaves were imported (India, Indonesia, Madagascar, Mozambique)
the Trekboers seperated themselves from the capital
went further into the country
conflicts with native Africans
the VOC is bankrupt
Britian takes over the territory
: England prohibits slave import
: Britain declares native Africans as British subjects
: Natives were set equal to the white population
: Britain totally prohibits slavery (40,000-60,000 slaves at this time)
Over 12.000 Boers emigrated into the North in the "Great Trek"
mainly Dutch-speaking farmers
they saw a threat in the British government
: Founded the Natalia Republic
: Britain annexed Natalia
: Founded the Orange Free State
: Founded the Transvaal Republic
fought against the Zulu and Ndebele and won
: Beginning of the Xhosa Wars
: Britain gains more territory from the Xhosa
: Natal becomes a limited self-governed colony
about 100,000 Indians came to Natal to work at sugar cane plantations
half of them stayed there
First Boer War:
: first diamond were discovered at the Orange River
: the Cape Colony becomes self-governed
Britain wants to unite all of the 4 states in South Africa
: Britain forcefully annexed the Transvaal Republic
: The Boers declared war on Britain
: The Boers regained their independence in the Battle of Majuba Hill
Britain viewed that as a threat
Second Boer War:
: Britain and both "Boer-States" declared war
120,000 civilians were caged in concentration camps by Britain
over 26,000 people died in there
while Britain used the concept of
: The Boers surrendered
All 4 colonies were under British control
: Britain unites all 4 colonies
Dominion of the British Empire
they had to make many compromises with the conservative Boers
non-whites were not allowed to vote
begin of a legalised racial discrimination
: "Mines and Works Act"
: "Native Land Act"
: "Representation of Natives Act"
- Janne Heusler, Jarno Mättler, Kilian Kempf
: The gold rush in the Transvaal Republic attracts many foreigners
: the "ANC Youth League" was founded
: the racist National Party won the election
: "Statute of Westminster"
: "Native Urban Areas Act"
: "Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act"
: "Group Areas Act"
many non-whites were forcefully evicted
: Citizens were divided in "Blacks", "Coloureds" and "Whites"
3,4 million people had to resettle into the "homelands"
public life was strictly divided
: 69 people died in the Massacre of Sharpeville
passive resistance of non-whites and whites influenced by Gandhi's ideology
anti-apartheid organizations were banned
underground and armed activities
: over 600 people were killed at the Soweto uprising
: Nelson Mandela was arrested
: South Africa left the Commonwealth
: the UN sanctions the country and kicks it out of the General Assembly
: Nelson Mandela was released
end of the apartheid era:
: a referendum about abolishing the apartheid was held
: all laws of the apartheid were abolished
Nelson Mandela won the first free, democratic election
the "Truth and Reconciliation Commission" was introduced
South African Miracle
: South Africa reenters the Commonwealth & UN
Legacy of the Empire
as one of their main languages
in the country
of black and white people
influence in the
within the country
Without the Empire the rainbow nation South Africa would not exist as it is now.
South Africa does not have a common culture because of its ethnic diversity and history
there are some particularities which are very special
influenced a lot by the British or the Dutch depending on the region
one of the most popular destinations
famous for the "Kruger National Park"
South Africa has round about 9 million tourists per year
Britain's favorite city Cape Town
Thank you for your attention!
GDP: 294 Billion US-$