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South Africa

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Kilian stinkt Kempf

on 22 January 2018

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Transcript of South Africa

General information:
population: 80% black, 10% coloured , 10% white; (56 million)
11 official languages (mainly English and Afrikaans)
Pretoria
Bloemfontein
Cape Town
government: unitary parliamentary constitutional republic
History:
1652
: the Netherlander built a permanent station provisions for travelers to India
1657
: Netherlands grants emigrants land around the area of cape town
conflicts with the native Africans or
History:
till the and of 17th century
: More people came to SA (Indonesia, Netherland, France)
18th century:
immigration stop
more slaves were imported (India, Indonesia, Madagascar, Mozambique)
the Trekboers seperated themselves from the capital
went further into the country
conflicts with native Africans
History
1794
:
the VOC is bankrupt
Britian takes over the territory
1807
: England prohibits slave import
1809
: Britain declares native Africans as British subjects
1828
: Natives were set equal to the white population
1833
: Britain totally prohibits slavery (40,000-60,000 slaves at this time)
History:
Boers Britain
1835-1840
:
Over 12.000 Boers emigrated into the North in the "Great Trek"

mainly Dutch-speaking farmers
they saw a threat in the British government
1839
: Founded the Natalia Republic
1843
: Britain annexed Natalia
1854
: Founded the Orange Free State
1852
: Founded the Transvaal Republic
fought against the Zulu and Ndebele and won
History:
1779
: Beginning of the Xhosa Wars
Mid-19th-century
: Britain gains more territory from the Xhosa
1857
: Natal becomes a limited self-governed colony
about 100,000 Indians came to Natal to work at sugar cane plantations
half of them stayed there
Boers
foreigners
Boers Britain
History:
First Boer War:
1866
: first diamond were discovered at the Orange River
1872
: the Cape Colony becomes self-governed
Britain wants to unite all of the 4 states in South Africa
1877
: Britain forcefully annexed the Transvaal Republic
1880
: The Boers declared war on Britain
1881
: The Boers regained their independence in the Battle of Majuba Hill
social strains
Britain viewed that as a threat
History:
Second Boer War:
1899
: Britain and both "Boer-States" declared war
British soldiers
Boers
120,000 civilians were caged in concentration camps by Britain
over 26,000 people died in there
Boers used
guerilla tactics
while Britain used the concept of
scorched-earth
1902
: The Boers surrendered
All 4 colonies were under British control
History:
1909
: Britain unites all 4 colonies
Dominion of the British Empire
they had to make many compromises with the conservative Boers
non-whites were not allowed to vote
begin of a legalised racial discrimination
1911
: "Mines and Works Act"
1913
: "Native Land Act"
1936
: "Representation of Natives Act"
History:
South Africa
- Janne Heusler, Jarno Mättler, Kilian Kempf
1886
: The gold rush in the Transvaal Republic attracts many foreigners
Apartheid era:
1944
: the "ANC Youth League" was founded
1948
: the racist National Party won the election
1931
: "Statute of Westminster"
1923
: "Native Urban Areas Act"
1949
: "Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act"
1950
: "Group Areas Act"
many non-whites were forcefully evicted
1950
: Citizens were divided in "Blacks", "Coloureds" and "Whites"
3,4 million people had to resettle into the "homelands"
public life was strictly divided
1960
: 69 people died in the Massacre of Sharpeville
passive resistance of non-whites and whites influenced by Gandhi's ideology
History:
Apartheid era:
anti-apartheid organizations were banned
underground and armed activities
1976
: over 600 people were killed at the Soweto uprising
1962
: Nelson Mandela was arrested
1961
: South Africa left the Commonwealth
1963
: the UN sanctions the country and kicks it out of the General Assembly
1990
: Nelson Mandela was released
History:
end of the apartheid era:
1992
: a referendum about abolishing the apartheid was held
69%
1990-1994
: all laws of the apartheid were abolished
1994
:
Nelson Mandela won the first free, democratic election
the "Truth and Reconciliation Commission" was introduced
South African Miracle
1994
: South Africa reenters the Commonwealth & UN
Sources:
http://www.planet-wissen.de/kultur/afrika/geschichte_suedafrikas/index.html
https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geschichte_S%C3%BCdafrikas
https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/S%C3%BCdafrika
https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grenzkriege
https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schlacht_am_Majuba_Hill
https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zweiter_Burenkrieg
https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Statut_von_Westminster_(1931)
https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apartheid
https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nelson_Mandela
http://www.planet-wissen.de/kultur/afrika/geschichte_suedafrikas/pwieapartheid100.html
http://www.planet-wissen.de/kultur/afrika/geschichte_suedafrikas/pwienachderapartheid100.html
http://www.dw.com/de/s%C3%BCdafrika-chronik-der-apartheid/a-17583368
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soweto_uprising
http://www.kapstadt.de/suedafrika/geschichte/vergangenheit-suedafrika/apartheidsgesetze
https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/African_National_Congress
http://www.spiegel.de/spiegel/spiegelgeschichte/d-90615485.html
http://suedafrika-news.de/kapstadt-ist-beliebteste-stadt-der-welt/
https://www.dein-suedafrika.de/kurzinfos/ueber-suedafrika/mensch-und-kultur/
https://www.dein-suedafrika.de/?psid_source=google.be&psid_medium=cpc&psid_campaign=SAT%202016-DE-B-Exa-Brand&psid_term=mein%20südafrika&gclid=EAIaIQobChMIo7faheW-1wIV6DLTCh0gDgZMEAAYASAAEgKMsfD_BwE
http://www.tourismus.de/afrika/suedafrika/
http://www.kruger-national-park.de/pages/deutsch/home.php
https://www.safari.com/kruger-national-park/tours/?gclid=EAIaIQobChMItejis-W-1wIVw5UbCh2xgQhKEAAYASAAEgKlBvD_BwE
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economy_of_South_Africa
Images:
http://www.idainternational.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/Nelson-Mandela.jpg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soweto_uprising#/media/File:Hector_pieterson.jpg
http://www.planet-wissen.de/kultur/afrika/geschichte_suedafrikas/suedafrika-taxi-100~_v-original.jpg
http://conservativepapers.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/apartheidsign.jpg
http://www.dw.com/image/16904268_303.jpg
http://therealrevo.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/Shanty_town-600x457.jpg
http://bundesschluss.wichern-schule.de/images/CP-HIST2.jpg
https://martincompart.files.wordpress.com/2017/04/20150904_12241221.jpg
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/de/thumb/d/de/SeparationZA1.svg/220px-SeparationZA1.svg.png
https://cdn.pixabay.com/photo/2013/07/13/14/17/south-africa-162425_960_720.png
https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datei:Boerenrepublieken.png
https://www.iaaw.hu-berlin.de/de/bild_doku/asaf/image
http://www.goldschmidt-thermit.com/weltkarte/main/images/maincard.jpg
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f9/South_Africa_relief_location_map.svg
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/de/Daniell_Trekboer.jpg
http://www.southafrica-travel.net/Medaia/Trekboermap.gif
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/a/ae/Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom.svg/1280px-Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom.svg.png
http://www.fotocommunity.de/photo/kirche-in-clanwilliam-suedafrika-michael-tebruegge/15945799
https://www.dein-suedafrika.de/fileadmin/_processed_/5/3/csm_Krueger_Nationalpark_a0066af282.jpg
http://kapstadt-net.de/templates/sobresot/slides/fin-slider-tafelberg.jpg
http://www.statssa.gov.za/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/gdp_text.png
Legacy of the Empire
Legacy:
English
as one of their main languages
democracy
in the country
strong
economical
system
equality
of black and white people
influence in the
religion
(Christianity)
the big
cultural

diversity
within the country
Without the Empire the rainbow nation South Africa would not exist as it is now.
Culture:
South Africa does not have a common culture because of its ethnic diversity and history
there are some particularities which are very special
influenced a lot by the British or the Dutch depending on the region
Tourism:
one of the most popular destinations
famous for the "Kruger National Park"
South Africa has round about 9 million tourists per year
Britain's favorite city Cape Town
Thank you for your attention!
Economy:
GDP: 294 Billion US-$
Full transcript