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Introduction to Research

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Ashley Bartley

on 30 September 2015

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Transcript of Introduction to Research

Wednesday, November 5
Introduction to Research
Calendar
In your own words, define "research."

What do you like or dislike about research?

What research have you done in the past?
Introduction: What is Research?
Today we are going to spend time developing your TOPIC and research QUESTION.
Topic Development
Now, look at the list that you have created. It's time to narrow your choices down.
Selection
Q
U
E
S
T
The Quest Model of Inquiry
On the same sheet of paper you have been writing on, make a list of things about society, school, the country, the government, etc, that BOTHER you or that you have WONDERED about.
Brainstorming
introduction
topic development
developing a research question
PROPOSAL
DUE
October
November
keyword generation

Internet search skills
computer lab time
uestion
nderstand
valuate
ynthesize
ransform
Research assignment:
Compose a research paper on a controversial or social issue of your choice.

Broken into chunks!
what are some topics you could choose?
Should cell phones and other electronic devices be used as educational tools in school?

Why do some teens leave high school without a diploma?
Is the music industry promoting violence in teens?
Does Reality TV Promote Dangerous Stereotypes?
Is School Designed More for Girls Than Boys?
Should Women Be Allowed to Fight on the Front Lines Alongside Men?
What Is Your Relationship With Guns?
Do You Support or Oppose the Death Penalty?
When Should Juvenile Offenders Receive Life Sentences?
Are Adults Hurting Young Children by Pushing Them to Achieve?
Should the Government Limit the Size of Sugary Drinks?
Does the US government protect us from international threats?
Should college athletes be paid a wage for their talents?
you can use the list I just showed as a jumping off point
Circle
THREE
topics you want to research.
complete the "chosen few" chart
Creating a Map of your Topic
works cited and sources due
your map needs to have multiple levels. Try and think of CATEGORIES of knowledge you know about your topic.
Life
Creations
Looks Like
Walt Disney
died a couple of years ago
was married
had children
frozen (?) when he died
Mickey Mouse
Other Cartoons
Disney Land/World
skinny
tall
mustache
Part 1: Research Proposal (Major Grade)

Part 2: Works Cited and Copies of Sources (Minor Grade)

Part 3: Annotated Bibliography (Major Grade)

Part 4: Rough Draft (Minor Grade)

Part 5: Final Draft (Major Grade)
this week
this week
before Thanksgiving
Now, based on the topic that you selected, make your own concept map.

Utilize the space reserved for this in the packet.
Writing a Research Question
What is it?
a clear, focused, concise, complex and arguable question around which you center your research.
Why do I need it?
1. it helps keep your research focused and on track.

2. the answer to your question will turn into your thesis statement.
How Do I Get One?
step 1: find an issue that interests you.
find something that you CARE about.
How Do I Get One?
step 2: briefly think about your issue
Why are you interested in this? Are other people interested in it?
How Do I Get One?
Step 3: Start Asking Questions
what kinds of specific questions can you ask about your topic?
example:
topic: women and technology
questions:
why aren't there more women in technological fields?
is it important for women to pursue computer-related jobs?
how can we encourage girls to take interested in technology?
How Do I Get One?
Step 4: Refine your Question
make sure your question is a GOOD question
what makes a good question?
clear
focused
arguable
explorable
Bad Question: When did the first woman graduate with a degree in computer science?
Better Question: When, during their college career track, do girls usually drop out of computer science programs, and how can this be prevented?
Bad Question: Why do girls hate computers?
Better Question: Why are girls dropping out of computer science programs at higher rates than guys?
Rules of Thumb
1. Avoid YES or NO questions. Ask a question that might have multiple answers or opinions.

2. Ask a question that will require you to explain or defend your answer.

3. Ask a question that you are willing to do the research and writing for .
Practice
before we move on to writing our own questions, let's practice evaluating premade research questions for how good or bad they are.
Research Proposal
Requirements
Typed
At least one page double spaced (it may be longer)
MLA format
Contains all info on the planning worksheet
Submitted on Edmodo
What does MLA Format Look Like?
Firstname Lastname
Ms. Bartley
English III CP
30 October 2014
Lastname 1
Title
Body paragraphs are indented.
hit enter only once
hit enter only once
due
use your time wisely!!
Sample Organization
Paragraph 1:
description of research topic
why you chose it
research question
Paragraph 2:
what you already know
what you want to learn
how you plan to find out
Paragraph 3:
closing/what you hope to learn from this assignment (outside of answering your question)
Starting your Search
True or False: When you have to look something up on the internet, you typically type the exact question you are looking for the answer to into google.
In fact, based on the way that Google operates, typing a question in is probably the
least efficient
way to search the internet for information.
There is a lot more to searching the internet than just typing your question into Google.
To surf the internet efficiently, you need to develop a list of keywords, or words that you use to navigate a search engine, that relate to your topic.
To do this, you select the most important information from the question, or the part of the question you are focusing on.
Your teacher asks you to find out the answer to the following question: “Who is the inventor of basketball?”
Too Wordy: Who is the inventor of basketball?
Too Broad: basketball
Just Right: Basketball + Inventor
Example
Good Keywords
have two things: a topic and a focus.
Bad keywords
have: no topic, no focus, or extra words.
Example: Soccer + History
Good- Topic (soccer) + focus (history)
Example: What is the history of soccer?
Bad- too wordy
Example: “soccer teams”
Good- topic (soccer) + focus (teams)
Example: soccer
Bad- no focus
Evaluating Sources
C
R
A
A
P
The timeliness of the information.
• When was the information published or posted?
• Has the information been revised or updated?
• Does your topic require current information, or will older sources work as well?
• Are the links functional?

currency
• Does the information relate to your topic or answer your question?
• Who is the intended audience?
• Is the information at an appropriate level (i.e. not too elementary or advanced for your needs)?
• Have you looked at a variety of sources before determining this is one you will use?
• Would you be comfortable citing this source in your research paper?
The importance of the information for your needs.
relevance
The source of the information.
• Who is the author/publisher/source/sponsor?
• What are the author's credentials or organizational affiliations?
• Is the author qualified to write on the topic?
• Is there contact information, such as a publisher or email address?
• Does the URL reveal anything about the author or source? examples: .com .edu .gov .org .net

authority
The reliability, truthfulness and correctness of the content.
• Where does the information come from?
• Is the information supported by evidence?
• Has the information been reviewed or refereed?
• Can you verify any of the information in another source or from personal knowledge?
• Does the language or tone seem unbiased and free of emotion?
• Are there spelling, grammar or typographical errors?

accuracy
The reason the information exists
• What is the purpose of the information? Is it to inform, teach, sell, entertain or persuade?
• Do the authors/sponsors make their intentions or purpose clear?
• Is the information fact, opinion or propaganda?
• Does the point of view appear objective and impartial?
• Are there political, ideological, cultural, religious, institutional or personal biases?

purpose
Creating a Works Cited Page
works cited pages are on their own page
use a HANGING indent to indent the SECOND line of your sources
sources go in ALPHABETICAL ORDER
if you don't have an author (this will happen for a lot of websites) go by the TITLE
Citation Format
Citing a website
Editor, author, or compiler name (if available). Name of Site. Version number. Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sponsor or publisher), date of resource creation (if available). Medium of publication. Date of access.
"How to Make Vegetarian Chili." eHow. Demand Media, n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2009.
Citing a PAGE on a website
Seem Kind of Complicated?
Use one of these handy tools!
http://www.easybib.com/
http://www.bibme.org/
http://www.citationmachine.net/
Remember... not knowing how is not an excuse!
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