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Human Rights

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Justin Han

on 13 January 2014

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Transcript of Human Rights

The Violations
Human Rights


of life, liberty, and, dignity that
every human being
is recognized with.

-Human rights are enforced and protected by law

-Expressed through treaties and conventions
ie: Universal Declaration of
Human Rights

What are Human rights?

Organizations in Human Rights
There are four essential principles of human rights...
Universal and inalienable
-Every nation and human is responsible of promoting and protecting human rights
-Rights are not to be stripped in any manner

Interrelated, interdependent, and indivisible

-Rights are all connected
-Rights are dependent on each other.

Not just rights, obligations as well
-You are
to respect your own rights and those of others.

Equality, free of discrimination
-Allows all humans to have rights without any discrimination by colour, race, or sex.

History of human rights violations
-The concept of Human Rights date back to 539 B.C.
-Cyrus the Great conquered the city of Babylon. He freed the slaves
providing them liberty and freedom of religion.
-Cyrus Cylindar was documented, the world's first charter of rights.

-After Babylon
-Cyrus' actions influenced India, Greece, and Rome. The concept of
"Natural Law" began
-"Natural Law"- unwritten laws that most people instinctively
follow without governmental influence
-Eg: -Hesitation to thieve and murder

History continued
16th-18th century: The concept of "natural law" was evolving into "natural rights." These natural rights are directly related to the laws most people morally follow.

-The American Revolution (1776) and French revolution (1789)
-America stood up to the discrimination from the British
and established legal human rights
-France suffered major social class differences. Revolution
occurs and the result was the Declaration of Rights of Man
and Citizen.
-Introduced the right to revolution and

Conventions in effect
-Convention- A written document that establishes a relationship between nations in terms of international law

-Important international conventions include...

-International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

-Convention on the Rights of the Child

-Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

-International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance

Non-governmental organizations
-Regular citizens run non-governmental organizations
-Using human rights principles they will monitor and pressure governments accordingly.

-Such non-government organizations include...
-Amnesty International

-Human Rights Action Centre

Governmental Organizations
-Governmental Organizations make all human rights decision official
-Have power over world affairs

-Such Governmental organizations include...
-Human Rights Council

-United Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

There are both governmental
and non-governmental organizations that are dedicated to the protection and promotion of human rights.

Controversies in Human Rights
-An action can violate one right, but will be protected by another. Thus, creating debate in the justice and human rights system

For example...

-Right to culture vs Right to life
-An Honour Killing is a murder committed on a family/social member for bringing
shame to the family/culture
-Kingston Ontario, 2009. Mohammed Shafia, his wife, and son drowned
Mohammed's three daughters and other wife for adopting Canadian culture
-January 2012- The three perpetrators were found guilty for first-degree murder

-Right to security vs Right to privacy
-The American National Security Agency(NSA) aims to physically protect American
citizens from criminal activity and terrorism.
-Found with unauthorized access to excess phone data to gain knowledge of
-December 27, 2013, declared legal by judge
-North Korea, the greatest challenge for the UN in terms of human rights
-Deny people internet and manipulate foreign information
-North Koreans are not allowed to express their own opinions. Governments reject them
from the freedom of thought.
-Refugees claim the government tortures their citizens and even hold public executions.
-The government psychologically dominates their citizens with fear and manipulation to
hold on to the totalitarian state.

Others include
Uganda - The Lord Resistance Army uses child slaves
Israel - Severe Religious intolerance between Palestinians (muslims) and the Jewish.

"To deny people
their human rights is to challenge their very humanity."

-Nelson Mandela
But then what are human rights violations?

-Human rights violations occur when an action contradicts and rejects any of the universal
human rights and its principles

-To violate someone's rights is to claim that they are not worthy of being a human.

The Violations of Human Rights Today

Even in First World Countries??!!
-Lives are not as threatened, but morale and equality can be severely damaged.

-Canada still fails to fully recognize aboriginal rights.

- British Columbia, 2003
-Of the twenty-two bodies found in Robert Pickton's pig farm, eleven
of them were of aboriginal descent.
-Former BC judge, David Ramsay, pleaded guilty to sexually
assaulting four aboriginal women. Three of them were minors.

-Canadian government and population treat First Nations citizens as
if they are second-class citizens.

The Most Severe Cases of
Human Rights violations

World War II and the holocaust, The Last Straw

-In 1933, Adolf Hitler's Nazi Party rose to power and declared himself
"Fuhrer" of Germany.

-Desperate for power and control He developed the German Army invaded Europe.

At the same time, He also tried to exterminate Jewish population of the world.
-Holocaust: -Hitler committed mass genocide of Jews.
-He used horrific concentration and death camps make them to
exterminate them or use them as slaves
-In 58 concentration camps, over six million Jewish people were killed.

-1945: Forty five nations together form the United Nations is finally developed.
-"Determined to reaffirm faith in human rights."

-1948: The Human Rights commission develops the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

-However, violations of human rights continued through twentieth century and to the present.
Some basic rights include:
-Right to Life

-Freedom from slavery

-Right to education
Full transcript