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The Italian Renaissance: Age of Discovery - The Bubonic Plague

The black death - facts and myths.

Mahogany Ward

on 10 May 2015

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Transcript of The Italian Renaissance: Age of Discovery - The Bubonic Plague

On a cloudy day in October of 1347 a shipping returning from the Black Sea Docked at the ports of Messina, Sicily. It was soon discovered that everyone on board was either extremely ill - or dead. The ships were ordered to leave.

Alas, it was to late for Sicily, and all of England - The plague had already begun it's reign.
History.com: Information and Videos on the Black Death.
Eyewitness to History: For a more in depth- description of The Plague.
In the Middle ages, which ranged from the 5th to the
18th century, disease ran rampant throughout Europe.
The Black Death
During the Italian Renaissance there were no 'real' cures. Their were mostly home remedies
and religious or superstitious beliefs.
Many people of the time believed the Plague, as with other diseases, was a punishment for their sins.

They repented by praying and beating themselves for what they had done to deserve the horrible punishment.
Throughout History the Jews have been the object of hatred from a wide variety of people. This resulted in a form of hatred toward people of Jewish descent. Anti-semitism peaks during hard times when people feel it is better to blame their hardships on others.
Superstitious Beliefs of the Middle Ages.
Symptoms of the plague were chills, fevers, vomiting, and - the most distinct feature - the formation of Black Boils on the skin.

These boils were swollen lymph glands and were called Buboes. They could become as large as oranges.
Mahogany Gwen Ward
Among these people there was a distinct group called 'The Brotherhood of the Flagellants' they went about barefoot whipping themselves in repent singing praises and hymns in forgiveness to God.

Another idea relevant in Europe during these periods of Epidemic Horrors was Anti-Semitism - a strong hatred for Jews. The Brotherhood believed firmly in this and persecuted, and oppressed Jews, believing they had poisoned the wells or just feeling it was better to blame their problems on others and the Jews were a perfect target.
During the Middle Ages
Not all Christians hated Jews. In some places in Europe, such as Strasbourg officials tried to stop the killing, but the angry mobs driven by fear and confusion and the nobles (who were happy to have a reason to get rid of their economic competition) overthrew them and continued to torture the Jews.
There was no known cure for the Horrible epidemic know as the Black Death.
The Bubonic Plague
The Bubonic Plague

What was it?
What were some beliefs of the time?
How did they attempt to cure it?
The Black Plague caused the death of 1/4 to 2/3's of of the European Population.
Many tried vigorously to rid Europe of the Plague
However, much of their work was in vain.
And changed the course of European History - Forever.

During the time of the plague people weren't aware, but the Black Death was caused by fleas.

The fleas bit the disease ridden rats and therefore obtained the disease and in this way passed it on to Humans. The people had plenty 'solutions', but none actually succeeded in 'solving' anything.
Pope Clement VI urged people by passing Papal Bulls or charters ordering the people to stop the violence and informing them that the Jews were not to blame for the misfortune.
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