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MLA Format & Documentation 8th Ed.

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Transcript of MLA Format & Documentation 8th Ed.

MLA Format & Documentation
Presented by TAMIU Writing Center
MLA Format: 8th Edition
The 8th edition of the Modern Language Association handbook focuses on consistency, flexibility, and clarity in the documentation of sources.

The following principles are emphasized:

Cite
simple traits shared by most sources

Understand
there is more than one correct way to cite a source

Create
documentation useful to readers
Welcome
This presentation was created by the TAMIU Writing Center to guide students, faculty, and staff on MLA format and documentation in the updated 8th edition handbook.

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The Major Updates
Consistent ordering
which can be applied to any source in the devising of works-cited entries.

Containers
allow for documentation entries to consider the channels sources are now accessed through, such as databases, streaming services, websites, etc.

Core elements
and sometimes optional elements are included in each works-cited entry.

Core elements
tell Who, What, How, Where, & When.

Optional elements
that are not relevant may be left out, such as the location of publication.
Medium of publication
is not included in works-cited entries.

Abbreviations
have mostly remained unchanged; however, names of governments, organizations, government agencies, and publishers are entirely spelled out.

DOI numbers
are most important and should be used in the location element for works-cited entries.

URLs
are also location elements and can be used when there is no DOI number assigned to the article. Stable or Permalinks should be used whenever possible.

Access dates
included in works-cited entries are now preceded by the word
Accessed
. This is considered an optional element.
The Major Updates II
Paper Formatting
1” margins

Double-spaced

Typed in a readable font and size
(such as Times New Roman 12pt.)

No extra spaces
between the heading, the title, or paragraphs

Title pages
are not needed

Header
includes your last name and page number in the upper right-hand corner
Works Cited Formatting
1” margins

Double-spaced throughout

Alphabetical
by author's last name and/or title

Hanging indentation
should be used for each source entry
The Modern Language Association of America.
MLA Handbook.
8th ed., Modern Language Association of America, 2016.
The Modern Language Association of America.
MLA Handbook.
8th ed., Modern Language Association of America, 2016.
The Modern Language Association of America.
MLA Handbook.
8th ed., Modern Language Association of America, 2016.
The Modern Language Association of America.
MLA Handbook.
8th ed., Modern Language Association of America, 2016.
The Modern Language Association of America.
MLA Handbook.
8th ed., Modern Language Association of America, 2016.
Works Cited Formatting: Entries
The Modern Language Association of America.
MLA Handbook.
8th ed., Modern Language Association of America, 2016.
Works Cited Formatting: Specifics
The Modern Language Association of America.
MLA Handbook.
8th ed., Modern Language Association of America, 2016.
MLA in Action
The title
of the source is the story since it was the only one that was used

The container
is the book where the source was found

Not included
is the person who wrote the introduction to the compilation since it was not used in the research

Dick, Philip K. “War Game.”
The Minority Report and Other Classic Stories
, Citadel

Press, May 2002, pp. 157-71.
TAMIU Writing Center

Thank you, and please stop by the Writing Center!


Location:
Dr. Billy F. Cowart Hall, 203
Phone:
956-326-2884
E-mail:
writingcenter@tamiu.edu


Find us online!

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Appointments are encouraged, but walk-ins are accepted.
The Modern Language Association of America.
MLA Handbook.
8th ed., Modern Language Association of America, 2016.
Author:
The person or entity responsible for creating the work. Author's last name is followed by a comma and the rest of the name, concluding in a period.

Title of source:
If the source is a chapter or an article of a greater work, the title is placed in quotation marks. If the source is self-contained, such as when referencing an entire book, the title is
italicized
. This information is followed by a period.

Title of Container:
If the source is part of a greater work, that work is considered the container which
holds
the source. It is normally italicized and followed by a comma.

Other contributors
: The source's editors, translators, illustrators, narrators etc. If it is not clear how the contributor contributed to the work, a proper citation is not possible and should be left out. This information is followed by a comma.
Every source
now follows the same guidelines, regardless of type

Not every source
will have all of the information listed; if that is the case, skip to the next available piece of information

Accuracy
regarding how the source was used in the research is emphasized for the entries

The main goal
is to make the documentation useful for readers

When in doubt
, consult with your professor
Follow this order and punctuation for all sources.
Works Cited Formatting: Specifics II
Version
: It is important to include the edition or version of a work if it has been released in multiple versions. This information is followed by a comma.

Number
: If the work has a volume and/or issue numbers, it is important to identify them in the entry. TV episodes and seasons of shows also fall into this category. This section is also followed by a comma.

Publisher
: The entity responsible for making or producing the source for public access. This information is followed by a comma.

Publication Date:
If applicable, include times, date ranges, and the month, day, & year. The date is stylized in the day/month/year format and is followed by a comma.

Location:
Use DOI numbers, URLs, and page numbers to determine the location. The DOI number should considered first and used if the article has one assigned to it, but an article's URL can be used if the article does not have a DOI number. For page numbers, use p. for one page and pp. for a series of pages. This information is followed by a period.
The Modern Language Association of America.
MLA Handbook.
8th ed., Modern Language Association of America, 2016.
MLA in Action II
Williams, Murial B.
"The Unmasking of Meaning: A Study of the Twins in 'Pudd'Nhead Wilson'."
Mississippi Quarterly,
vol. 33, no. 1,
1979,
p. 39.
ProQuest,
search.proquest.com/docview/1301818093?accountid=7081.
Williams, Murial B. "The Unmasking of Meaning: A Study of the Twins in 'Pudd'Nhead Wilson'."
Mississippi
Quarterly
, vol. 33, no. 1, 1979, p. 39.
ProQuest
, search.proquest.com/docview/1301818093?accountid=7081.
The Modern Language Association of America.
MLA Handbook.
8th ed., Modern Language Association of America, 2016.
Irrelevant information
is excluded, such as other contributors

One page number
is identified because only that page is used for the research

The article is contained
in the
Mississippi Quarterly
; however, the issue of this journal is contained by the database,
ProQuest,
making it the main container
Dick, Philip K.
"War Game."
The Minority Report and Other Classic Stories,
Introduction by James Tiptree, Jr.,
Citadel Press,
May 2002,
pp. 157-71.
MLA in Action III
"Chapter Six: The Monster."
Stranger Things,
season 1, episode 6,
15 July 2016.
Netflix,
"Chapter Six: The Monster."
Stranger Things,
season 1, episode 6, Netflix, 15 July 2016.
Netflix,
www.netflix.com/watch/80077373?trkid=14277283&tctx=0%2C5%2Cf8f6b45d-7826-45e4-a802-e8aab91a810b-13289254
The Modern Language Association of America.
MLA Handbook.
8th ed., Modern Language Association of America, 2016.
The author
is omitted since the focus of the research was a general discussion of the episode rather than a contribution by an individual

The container
of the episode is
Stranger Things
since it is the main series it is derived from

The publisher
is Netflix since they are the original "broadcasting" network which released it

The publication date
is the last relevant element in the first container, so it is ended with a period

The main container
is
Netflix
since the series was accessed through their website
Netflix,
www.netflix.com/watch/80077373?trkid=14277283&tctx=0%2C5%2Cf8f6b45d-7826-45e4-a802-e8aab91a810b-13289254
Now You Try...
The Modern Language Association of America.
MLA Handbook.
8th ed., Modern Language Association of America, 2016.
The article, "Fantasizing Infanticide: Lady Macbeth and the Murdering Mother in Early Modern England," was written by Stephanie Chamberlain

It appeared in volume 32, issue 3, in the
College Literature
academic journal in 2005

The focus of the paper makes use of the entire article which appears in pages 72-91

The journal article was found on the database
Project Muse
, which can be found through this link: muse.jhu.edu/article/184964
Now You Try...
The Modern Language Association of America.
MLA Handbook.
8th ed., Modern Language Association of America, 2016.
The "Chainsaw" episode of the TV series
Scream Queens
was originally aired on Fox.

It was first aired on September 29, 2015 as the second episode of season 1.

The focus of the student's research is a brief overview of the entire episode.

The student accessed the episode through
Hulu
and can be found www.hulu.com/watch/849466.
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