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Daily hassles and stress
Transcript of Daily hassles and stress
Daily uplifts are the opposite-
they are the minor positive experiences of everyday life, for example, receiving a compliment, or feeling good about your appearance AO2 point P: A weakness of the study is the sample used
E: Bouteyre et al used first year psychology students.
C: this therefore makes the study less generalisable as it lacks population validity. Gervais (2005) asked nurses to maintain a journal for 1 month recording all of their daily hassles and uplifts while at work. they were also asked to rate their own performance over the same period of time.
at the end of the month, it was clear that daily hassles were found to increase job strain and decrease job performance. Nurses found that some of the uplifts that they experienced (e.g. praise from a superior) counteracted the negative effects of their daily hassles. in addition to overcoming the stress associated with their daily hassles, these daily uplifts also improved their job performance. AO2 points P: a weakness of this study is that the self report is used.
E: Gervais asked his participants to record all of their daily hassles and uplifts and rate their own performance at work.
C: participants may lie or manipulate their answers in order to make themselves appear better, or they might not provide accurate information. Daily hassles
and uplifts investigated the relationship between daily hassles and the mental health of students during the initial transition period from school to university.
first year psychology students at a french university completed the hassles part of the HSUP and the Beck Depression Inventory as a measure of any symptoms of depression that might be attributable to the hassles of the transition.
results show that 41% of the students studied suffered from depressive symptoms and there was a positive correlation between scores on the hassle scale and the incidence of depressive symptoms.
this study shows that the transition to university is frequently fraught with daily hassles, and that these can be considered a significant risk factor for depression. Flett et al (1995) A total of 320 students (160 per gender) read a senario describing a male or female individual who had evperienced either a major life event or daily hassles
and then rated the ammount of support (both emotional and practical) that the person would receive and seek from others.
individuals who had suffered major life events were rated higher in both seeking and recieving support from significant others.
the findings suggest that compared to major life events, the greater negative influence of daily hassle on psychological adjustment may be due, in part to the reduced social and emotional suport recieved from others The acculmulation effect An accumulation of minor daily stressors creates persistent irritations, frustrations, and overloads which then result in more serious stress reactions such as anxiety and depression. (Lazarus 1999) The amplification effect Chronic stress caused by major life changes may make people more vunerable to daily hassles miller et al (1992) studied 250 people over 50 years of age and their relationship with their pets.
they found that pets appear to serve different roles for females and mame pet owners. For females, pets were commonly associated with uplifts, but for males, pets were more likely to be associated with hassles. AO2 point there are individual differences in the way that both males and females percieve stressors in their lives. What is relaxing to one might be stressful to another. Problems of retrospective recall for a measure that assesses daily hassles, participants are usually asked to rate the hassles experienced over the previous month. some researchers have overcome this problem by using a diary method where participants rate minor stressors and their feelings of well-being on a daily basis. Real world applications Gulian et al (1990) found that participants reporting a difficult day at work subsequently reported higher levels of stress on their commute home. when unresolved non-driving hassles are carried forward into the driving situation, events e.g. the actions of other road users are more likely to be interpreted as stressful by the driver. being aware of this accumulation can lead to stress reduction techniques (e.g. SIT and CBT) in order to reduce the ammount or road traffic accidents that result from daily hassles. what does research tell us? most of the data from research on daily hassles is correlational. this means we cannot draw casual conclusions about the relationship between daily hassles and well-being.
however, as with all correlations they indicate that all daily hassles in our lives can potentially have adverse effects on our health and well-being.