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The Roaring Twenties
Transcript of The Roaring Twenties
The Roaring Twenties
The film industry
The Jazz Age
Charlie Chaplin was born on the 16th April 1889 in London, England
After his father died and his mother was admitted to a mental hospital, Charlie joined the Karno troupe, travelling to the United States, where film producer Mack Sennett signed Chaplin to a contract for a $150 a week.
He continued to win over the USA with his silent comedies and in the 1920s Charlie made some landmark films, including "The Kid" in 1921, "The Pilgrim" in 1923, "A Woman in Paris" in 1923, "The Gold Rush" in 1925 and the he then said he wanted to be remembered by, "The Circus" in "1928".
The latter three were released by United Artists, a company Chaplin co-founded in 1919 with Douglas Fairbanks, Mary Pickford, and D.W. Griffith.
He became one of the highest paid in the world with a contract of $670,00 a year to the Mutual company.
In the 1920s, Speakeasies were hidden bars or other places people went to consume alcohol illegaly , as at the time Prohabition made it illegal to consume, make or bootleg alcohol.
The Charleston was a new kind of Dance that originated in the 1920s.The basic steps involve kicking the legs and swinging the arms. The Charleston is done with large, loose motions. The arms also play a large role in the Charleston and move in the opposite direction to the legs.
The Charleston was very popular with young people as it was more athletic and free than other types of dances. It was also danced to a new style of music, mostly jazz which was considered as 'black people's' music by the upper classes.
This made the dance a way to rebel, so it was banned from many dance halls as it was too scandalous and exuberant.
He was born in Castellaneta, Italy on the 6th May 1895.
Valentino caught the attention of screenwriter June Mathis and he was given the lead in "Horsemen of the Apocalypse" of 1921. He stole the hearts of female movie-goers by dancing a tango in his first scene in the film. The movie was a box office hit, and the darkly handsome actor quickly became a star.
This fame continued with his lead in "The Sheik" in 1921 and then "Blood and Sand" in 1922.
He sometimes used the names Rudolpho di Valentina, Rudolfo Valentino and Rudolpho De Valintine when he was starring in various films.
He was one of the first
sex symbols in the
To enter a speakeasy, a password was needed so the doorperson knew no-one entering was a police agent.
After WW1, women had found a new sense of patriotsm and independence. They, therefore, began to gain more confidence to stop following societies strict rules.
The term 'flapper' originates from the loose flapping motions involved in dancing the Charleston. In contrast to the proper society girls before the war, Flappers were more interested in having fun than finding a husband.
In the mid 1920's, around 800 movies were being made each year.
Hollywood was popular with new up and coming film directors because of it's inexpensive real estate and sunny climate. During the 1920's directors began making movies with their own style. This is also another reason for why so many movies were being produced. Without the limitations of movie directing, the director's role in Hollywood dramatically changed.
Hollywood created a new lifestyle through hard work, emphasizing leisure activates, sports, and the club scene. Hollywood by itself was considered it's own separate "colony" and the birthplace of the studio, large sky light buildings that had laboratories, costume and research departments, each door containing a different movie set.
The big 5 film makers in Hollywood:
1.Warner Brother Pictures
4.Metro Golden Meyer
5. 20th Century Fox
These studios had the most elaborate sets for film production. They owned their own film exhibiting studios and were the most successful. They built movie palaces which could seat 3000.
After WW1 fashion changed drastically, giving women more freedom of movement and a more masculine sillhouette. Loose, flowey fabrics were used in square shapes with low waistlines. Skirts were shorter than before.
Flappers were also amongst the first women to smoke and drink.
The little 3 film makers of Hollywood:
These were named Little Three because none of them owned their own theatres.
Poverty Row of Hollywood:
4.20th Century Pictures
They were in the shabbier areas of Hollywood, which gave them the name Poverty Row.
The 1920's were the best and the worst times to be a star due to publicity campaigns. In a publicity campaign, which was a way studio's advertised their films, they controlled their stars life; how to behave in public, where to eat, how to dress, what they could be seen doing, and where they could go for leisurely activities. From this the stars carried a large amount of stress.
These new inventions made life in America seem exciting and inviting. This is one of the reasons people were so keen to immigrate to the USA.
It was places like this that were favourites for gangsters like Al Capone to sell illegal alcohol and makeall there money.
The first Chrysler was the 1924 Chrysler Six
General Motors was founded in 1908 by William C. Durant.