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GAME Elements and Principles
Transcript of GAME Elements and Principles
Review and understand the ART ELEMENTS and PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN through a mini art lesson and discussions.
If you've ever participated in an art class you should be familiar with the ELEMENTS OF ART AND PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN
Mini art lessons
are small lessons
that are done in
one class period.
There are many words
used to describe lines.
Differentiate between contour lines and outlines
Perceive and discuss how lines can be expressive
Create a variety of line drawings including a line contour, blind contour, outline, continuous line contour and cross contour
It can define a space, create an outline or pattern, imply movement or texture and allude to mass or volume. Lines are absolutely essential in creating art.
"Art, like morality, consists
in drawing the line
- G.K. Chesterton
CROSS CONTOUR LINES
Lines marking the outer contours or boundaries of an object or figure.
Like a shadow, they
look flat and don't
information about the
define the outer edges of forms and surfaces within a form, such as wrinkles and folds. These line drawings suggest depth in addition to height and width. They are like outline drawings with all the "extra information".
Michael Craig-Martin, a contemporary conceptual artist and painter, emphasizes contour lines
in his art.
Artist train their eyes and hands to work together
by making blind contour drawings and continuous contour line drawings.
Blind contour drawing trains the eye and hand to work as a team, and it helps students to see all of the details of the object.
Blind contour drawing may not produce a good drawing; however it helps artist to draw more realistically, rather than relying on their memorized drawing symbols.
An artist makes a blind contour line drawing by fixing his or her eyes on the outline of the model or object, then tracks the edge of the object with his or her eyes, while simultaneously drawing the contour very slowly, in a steady, continuous line without lifting the pencil or looking at the paper.
Cross contour drawing deals with illustrating the way an object sits in space using lines. For example, if you were to draw a sphere, there would be circular marks inside the sphere that will illustrate the way the sphere is round.
While contour lines describe edges, cross-contours describe form and volume. These lines can follow planes of form, moving around and across objects as well as through them.
Think of a topographical map--the lines move across the terrain. Cross-contour lines do the same thing.
Look at how Rembrandt used cross contour lines in one of his elephant drawings.
Van Gogh also used
Cross- Contour lines
in his paintings.
Draw cross-contour lines over the objects
on the worksheet. If you finish before class ends trace an outline of your hand on the back of the worksheet and draw cross-contour lines over it
to elude volume.
Shape and Form
from the natural
Shapes and Forms can be
Free Form Shapes
or form is a geometric figure that can be described with mathematics and that is used in geometry.
SHAPE & FORM
Color, detail and Intensity
Space can refer to :
Positive and Negative Space
The Element of Art, VALUE refers to the lightness or darkness of a color.
It is an important tool for artist because it defines a form.
Contrast of value separates objects in space.
Value vocabulary includes tint (adding white to make something lighter), shade (adding black to make something darker) and hue (the true color).
Shadow, highlight, and light source are also some vocabulary words to consider with this element of art.
VALUE & CONTRAST
Color has a profound effect on us even though we may not be aware of it. Every day our emotions, moods, mental acuity and even physical sensations—such as appetite—are influenced by the colors that surround us.
Imagine that during the night while you were sleeping someone came and painted your walls and ceiling black. How would it make you feel as you began your day? Now imagine waking up to a bright sky blue, or a brilliant yellow, or a pale mint green.
Artists, designers, and advertisers use color very deliberately to make you feel a certain way. Ever wonder why McDonald’s uses so much red and yellow? The colors red and yellow stimulate appetite. Color in the clothing you wear can also have an unconscious effect on others.
Color is the element of art that is produced when light, striking an object, is reflected back to the eye.
There are three (3) properties to color. First is hue, which simply means the name we give to a color (red, yellow, blue, etc.).
The second property is intensity, which refers to the strength and vividness of the color. For example, we may describe the color blue as "royal" (bright, rich, vibrant) or "dull" (grayed).
The third and final property of color is its value, meaning its lightness or darkness. The terms shade and tint are in reference to value changes in colors.
Pablo Picasso's Blue Period
Colors speak all languages. (Joseph Addison)
Mini Lesson: Outlines
the outlines of the objects at your table.
Write your name and period on the back of your paper.
Put your paper in your art folder to use for another project.
You have 5 minutes to complete
Mini Lesson: Contour Lines
Each table has a drawing assignment that you will follow
Follow the directions to create contour lines, blind contour lines, and continuous contour lines.
Mine Lesson: Cross-contour lines
Mini Lesson: Shape
Mini Lesson: Form, Value and Space
Shade in value scale using 5 values, ranging from white to black.
Shade in sphere using 5 values. Follow the contour of the shpere when shading.
Shade in background with contrasting values.
**** If you are finished, shade in your outline paper.
Try creating contrast by puting your light values against your dark values.
Texture is used to describe either the way a three-dimensional work actually feels when touched, or the visual "feel" of a two-dimensional work.
Take rocks, for example.
A real, 3-D rock might feel rough or smooth, and definitely feels hard when touched or picked up. A painter, depicting a rock, would create the illusions of these qualities through use of color, line, shape, etc.
3 Different Types of Texture
Mini Lesson: Texture
Trace your hand on a sheet of paper
Create 5 different textures on each of the apendages (include actual, simulated and invented)
If finished early, create a background
How does knowing and using visual art vocabularies help us create and understand works of art?
Parts impact the whole.
The elements and principles are the building blocks of art.
Value in color
Emphasis is created by having a clear focal point or subject. Emphasis draws the eye to that area of the artwork first. Warm, bright colors catch attention.
Repeating visual elements such as line, color, shape, texture, value or image tends to unify the total effect of a work of art as well as create rhythm. Repetition can take the form of an exact duplication (pattern), a near duplication, or duplication with variety.
In art the size relationship between an object and the human body is significant. In experiencing the scale of an artwork we tend to compare its size to the size of our own bodies. Proportion refers to the relative size of parts of a whole (elements within an object).
A principle of art, unity occurs when all of the elements of a piece combine to make a balanced, harmonious, complete whole.
Rhythm or movement refers to the suggestion of motion through the use of various elements.
Symmetrical Balance: Identical on both sides.
Asymmetrical Balance: Different on both sides.
Radial Balance: Starting at a center and moving outward on all sides.
Ms. Rapp will assign you to a group.
One person in your group will take a photo of this list: Line, shape, form, value, texture, balance, space, repetition, pattern, color,
You will go out in your group, and take a photo for each element and principle. The first group to come back with acurate portrayals of each item WINS! Yes, prizes (snacks, etc). May the odds be every in your favor!
Examples of Elements/Principles in Photography
Shapes are two-dimensional.
When a line meets back up with itself.
Forms are three-dimensional.
When drawing you can create the illusion of form by adding value.
The goal of this game is to review the elements and principles of art.
Tertiary colors are combinations of the colors next to each other on the color wheel.
There are six tertiary colors:
- Color Therapy Healing
Complementary colors are opposite of each other on the color wheel. When put next to each other, they create contrast and "pop." If they are MIXED (paint/colored pencils), then they create brown.
RED & GREEN
BLUE & ORANGE
PURPLE & YELLOW
Red, Yellow, Blue
Purple, Orange, Green