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Geography in the USA

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PJ H

on 8 May 2014

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Transcript of Geography in the USA

The Northeast
New England and the Mid-Atlantic Region
2 most important physical features: the Atlantic Ocean and the Appalachian Mountains
very hilly and rocky terrain
dearth of mineral wealth (Pennsylvania- coal and iron ore deposits)
Climate: warm and humid summers and cold and snowy winters
the most densely populated, highly urban
The Rust Belt
Geography in the USA
Climate, Landforms, Regions
Climate
Landforms
Geographic and cultural regions
The South
The Rocky Mountain Region
CIA Factbook: mostly temperate, but tropical in Hawaii and Florida, arctic in Alaska, semiarid in the great plains west of the Mississippi River, and arid in the Great Basin of the southwest
Montana, Idaho, Wyoming, Colorado, Utah
physical features: the Rockies, the Continental Divide, the Colorado Plateau, the Great Basin, the Colorado River, the Snake River, the Snake River Plateau
climate: alpine, cool
a large region with small population
minerals and metals are important natural resources
the lumber industry and the travel industry
mining, ranching, farming
Landmarks: Yellowstone (Old Faithful), Devils Tower, Zion NP, Mesa Verde NP

Coastal Plain: citrus-growing, the Cotton Belt, oil, natural gas
the Appalachian Mountains: Mount Mitchell (North Carolina, 2,037 m)
the Appalachians: iron, building stone, coal
Appalachia
the Central Lowland: soil, fossil fuels
the Great Plains: ranching, brown coal
the Rockies: Mount Elbert (4401 m)
the Sierra Nevada: Mount Whitney (4421 m)
the Cascade Range: Mt. Rainier and Mt. St. Helens
valleys: Puget Sound, the Willamette Valley, Central Valley
the San Andreas Fault
many possible ways to divide the U.S. into regions
unofficial division
4 major regions: the Northeast, the Midwest, the South and the West
inhabitants of a region: share common values, economic concerns, certain relationship to the land, identify to some extent with the history and tradition of their region
landforms, climates, plants, animals and ways of life
Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island
the smallest region
the real Yankees (hard work, shrewdness, thrift, and ingenuity)
Puritan work-ethic
the American Revolution began here (the Freedom Trail)
home to top-ranking American universities: Harvard, Yale, MIT
tourism (the Green Mountains of Vermont, the White Mountains of New Hampshire, Cape Cod, Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket)
New England
The Mid-Atlantic Region
New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, West Virginia, Washington, D.C.
religious pluralism and ethnic diversity
hosted each of the historic capitals of the US
two of the 5 great lakes (Lake Erie and Lake Ontario) border the Middle Atlantic States
the St. Lawrence River separates the region from Canada (St. Lawrence Seaway)
the Hudson River (New York), the Delaware River (Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York)
Landmarks: the National Mall (the Lincoln Memorial, the Washington Monument, the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, MLK Memorial), Niagara Falls, Empire State Building, the Smithsonian Institution, the Statue of Liberty
Virginia, North/South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas, Kentucky, Tennessee
physical features: the Appalachians, the Mississippi River, the Coastal Plain, the Piedmont, the Gulf of Mexico
the lowland south (on the Coastal Plain)
the upland south (in the Piedmont, southern Appalachians and Ozarks)
climate: hot, rainy summers and mild winters (the southern tip of Florida-tropical)
the Confederacy
the Sunbelt, the Bible Belt, the Cotton Belt
southerners: less educated, more religious, more conservative
Landmarks: Everglades NP, Great Smoky Mountains NP, Graceland, the French Quarter, Palm Beach, St. Augustine, The Florida Keys
The Midwest
Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, Iowa, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas
the most important physical features: the Great Lakes, the Mississippi River, Central Lowlands, the Great Plains
climate: harsh, with hot summers and cold winters
the nation’s heartland (Smith County, Kansas), America’s breadbasket (the Corn Belt, the Wheat Belt, the nation's dairy belt)
Midwesterners: commercially-minded, self-sufficient, unsophisticated, and pragmatic
GAE
the hub: Chicago (the Windy City)
manufacturing region (food processing)
the birthplace of the Republican Party
Landmarks: Sears Tower (Willis Tower), The Jefferson National Expansion Memorial (the Gateway Arch), Mount Rushmore (Gutzon Borglum), Crazy Horse Memorial (Korczak Ziolkowski)
The Southwest
Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada
physical features: the Great Plains, the Gulf Coastal Plain, the Rockies, the Colorado Plateau, the Colorado River, the Rio Grande River, the Great Basin
climate: semi-arid, arid
the influence of Mexican culture (Tex-Mex food, architecture, music, language)
Pueblo Indians
black gold
Texas (Lone Star State)
Landmarks: Grand Canyon NP, Petrified Forest NP, the Alamo, Painted Desert, Monument Valley, Carlsbad Caverns, White Sands National Monument, Saguaro NP
The Pacific Coast
The Pacific Northwest: Washington and Oregon
California (the Golden State,
Eureka
)
physical features: Coastal Range, Cascade Range (the Pacific Ring of Fire), Columbia Plateau, Sierra Nevada, the Great Central Valley
climate: a great variety of climates; warm climate in California; the wettest region in the Pacific Northwest
Oregon and Washington have small populations and many empty space; California-the most populous US state
tolerant, live-and-let-live attitude
The Northwest-The New Silicon Valley
Landmarks: Yosemite NP, Death Valley NP, Golden Gate Bridge, Silicon Valley, Hollywood, Disneyland, Space Needle, Olympic NP, Crater Lake, Napa Valley
The Outlying States
Alaska
the Last Frontier
bought from Russia (1867)
the Aleutian Islands
the Alaska Highway
Klondike Gold Rush of 1898
people: hardy
fishing, mining, petroleum extraction, lumber
Exxon Valdez (1989)
Landmarks: Denali NP (Mt. McKinley)
Hawaii
the Aloha State
8 main islands
pineapples, sugar cane
Asian Americans (38,6 %)
Landmarks: Pearl Harbor, Waikiki Beach, Mauna Kea, Volcanoes NP
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