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Ella's Music Project

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by

Ella Drzadinski

on 20 March 2014

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Transcript of Ella's Music Project

The Sounds of the Symphony
By: Ella Drzadinski
Instruments of the Orchestra
Woodwinds
Brass
Strings
Percussion

Brass Instruments
String Instruments
Woodwind Instruments
Percussion Instruments
TIMPANI
Pitched
Sound Starter: Hit
Sound Producer: Membrane
Sound Amplifier: Hollow Body
The timpani was used in early Eastern military music and was brought to Europe in the 15th century.
The timpani was the first drum to be used in the orchestra over 300 years ago.
GONG
Non-pitched
Sound Starter: Hit
Sound Producer: Metal
Sound Amplifier: Most are Solid
For centuries the Gong has been a symbol of success and status
Ancient people used the gong for meditation, healing, communication, and announcing the beginning of ceremonies.
CABASA
Non-Pitched
Sound Starter: Scrape
Sound Producer: Metal
Sound Amplifier: Hollow

Cabasas are used in a number of different types of Latin American music
The Cabasa is similar to the shekere, an African instrument with strung beads over a hollowed out gourd.
PIANO
Sound Starter: Hit
Sound Producer: String
Sound Amplifier: Hollow Body
Pitched
The average size piano has about 230 strings
Pianists tend to have more efficient brains
The Piano was invented in 1698
XYLOPHONE
Pitched
Sound Starter: Hit
Sound Producer: Metal
Sound Amplifier: Hollow Body

The xylophone began as a series of wooden bars attached to some gourds
The oldest known xylophone dates as far back as 2000 B.C.
There are four groups in the orchestra they include:
COWBELL
Pitched
Sound Starter: Hit
Sound Producer: Metal
Sound Amplifier: Hollow body
Most cowbells are plated with thin, flat pieces of sheet metal that can be decorated or left plain
The earliest examples of recognizable cowbells are dated to the Iron Age
STRINGS
The 4 main string instruments include......
Violin
- The violin is the soprano of the string family
Viola
- The viola is the alto of the string family
Cello
- The cello is the tenor of the string family
Bass Viol
- Bass Viol is the bass of the family
VIOLIN
Soprano
Sound Starter: Scrape
Sound Producer: String
Sound Amplifier: Hollow Body
An average symphony has up to 30 violins
When playing the violin you burn 170 calories an hour
VIOLA
Alto
Sound Starter: Scrape
Sound Producer: String
Sound Amplifier: Hollow Body
Bigger and more mellow than violin
The modern viola was first played in Italy in the 16th century
CELLO
Tenor
Sound Starter: Scrape
Sound Producer: String
Sound Amplifier: Hollow Body
The plural for cello is celli
Violincello is another name for cello
BASS VIOL
Bass
Sound Starter: Scrape
Sound Producer: String
Sound Amplifier: Hollow body
The largest and lowest-pitched bowed stringed instrument
Because the string bass is about 6 feet tall, the player must stand or sit on a high stool
HARP
Sound Starter: Pluck
Sound Producer: String
Sound Amplifier: Solid Body
Harp has 47 strings
Harp has 7 pedals
WOODWINDS
The 4 main Woodwind instruments include...
Clarinet
Oboe
Bassoon
Flute
2 MAIN GROUPS
There Are 2 Main Groups in the Woodwind family:
Flutes
Reeds
Flute
Piccolo
Clarinet
Oboe
Bassoon
FLUTE
Flute
Sound Starter: Blow
Sound Producer: Producer
Sound Amplifier: Tube
There are many different materials that the flute has been made out of including bone, wood, glass, ivory, plastic, resin, brass, nickel silver, silver, gold and platinum
George Washington, James Madison and Leonardo da Vinci all knew how to play the flute
The first time the word “flute” was used was in the 14th century
CLARINET
Reed
Sound Starter: Blow
Sound Producer: Air
Sound Amplifier: Tube
The clarinet was the last woodwind instrument to be included in the symphony orchestra
Clarinet reeds are made of a reed grass that only grows in the Mediterranean
OBOE
Reed
Sound Starter: Blow
Sound Producer: Air
Sound Amplifier: Tube
Oboe is descended from an instrument known as the shawm
The oboe is a double reed. A double reed is two flattened blades of bamboo that make sound through the vibrations of one blade against the other
BASSOON
Reed
Sound Starter: Blow
Sound Producer: Air
Sound Amplifier: Tube
Length of bassoon is 8.3 feet
Bassoon has about 10 keys for the left thumb
SAXOPHONE
The saxophone is usually not part of orchestra
Sound Starter: Blow
Sound Producer: Air
Sound Amplifier: Tube
The saxophone was invented in 1840
The saxophone was invented by Adolphe Sax
The saxophone is a single reed instrument
PICCOLO
Flute
Sound Starter: Blow
Sound Producer: Air
Sound Amplifier: Tube
Originally piccolos were made out of Wood
Piccolo is flute's cousin
BRASS
There are 4 main instruments in the brass family, they include...
Trumpet-The Trumpet is the soprano of the brass
French Horn-The French Horn is the alto of the brass
Trombone-The Trombone is the tenor of the brass
Tuba-The Tuba is the bass of the brass
TRUMPET
Soprano
Sound Starter: Blow
Sound Producer: Air
Sound Amplifier: Tube
The average trumpet is 4 1/2 to 6 feet long
The trumpet is often played in military bands
The trumpet has 3 valves
FRENCH HORN
Alto
Sound Starter: Blow
Sound Producer: Air
Sound Amplifier: Tube
The French Horn is softer or more mellow than the rest of the brass
The French Horn was commonly used in hunting to help assemble hunters and tell them which way the animals were
The sound that it makes is called a recheat
TROMBONE
Tenor
Sound Starter: Blow
Sound Producer: Air
Sound Amplifier: Tube
The trombone comes from an instrument called a sackbut
The noise you hear when Charlie Brown’s teacher speaks to the class is a trombone
PERCUSSION
STRINGS
WOODWINDS
TUBA
Bass
Sound Starter: Blow
Sound Producer: Air
Sound Amplifier: Tube
The Tuba is the last instrument added to brass family
Cousin is the sousaphone
SOUSAPHONE
Sound Starter: Blow
Sound Producer: Air
Sound Amplifier: Tube
The Sousaphone is often used in marching bands instead of tuba
Named after John Phillips Sousa
The Sousaphones nickname is Rain Catcher
BRASS
BIBLIOGRAPHY
http://ezinearticles.com/?History-of-Percussion-Instruments&id=2161347
http://www.dsokids.com/listen/by-instrument/timpani.aspx
http://www.harmonyofthespheres.net/History.html
http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=cabasa
http://www.pianoworld.com/facts.htm
http://kenfoster.com/PianoTuning/Facts.html
http://www.ehow.com/facts_4869226_xylophone-facts.html#ixzz2sOnErgyn
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cowbell
https://www.theviolinsite.com/violin-facts.html
http://blog.sheetmusicplus.com/2013/01/30/top-10-facts-about-flute/
http://allabouttheclarinet.weebly.com/interesting-facts.html
http://blog.sheetmusicplus.com/2013/05/08/10-facts-about-the-oboe/
http://www.teachingcompany.com/cp1/CReddick2.html
http://www.ehow.com/about_4597279_interesting-facts-french-horns.html
http://blog.sheetmusicplus.com/2012/11/21/10-interesting-facts-about-trombone/
http://brassmusician.com/sousaphone-marching-tuba-beatbox-tool-and-instrument-of-war/
PICTURES
All the pictures that I used I found within Prezi
Full transcript