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Compare and contrast in christianity and islam

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Charuntorn Watcharinchalalai

on 27 March 2014

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Transcript of Compare and contrast in christianity and islam

Presentation by: Book, Tawan, Boss
Introduction
In the world, Christianity is the most popular and the biggest religion. In this religion,there are over 2 billions people but Islam is the largest after Christianity . There are about 1 billion of Muslims or the followers in Islam. The meaning of the word Islam means 'submission to the will of God'.Christianity means "the anointed one.” from the ancient greek.
Beliefs
Both religions believe that there is one god in their religion .Islam have six main beliefs:1. There is one god called Allah 2. They belief in holy books 3.They Belief in angel 4. They belief in Prophets 5.They Belief in Muhammad the final prophet 6.They belief in other prophets like Musa. In Christianity, they also believe in Holy books and one god. They believe in that there is life after death. Their experiences in this life can conclude in next life what will their like.
Both Islam and Christianity believe that a god is the creator. Islam believes that we must pray five times a day and Christianity believes that praying means communicating with a god.

Beliefs in gods
In Islam, the god is called Allah and In Christianity, the god is called" Jesus". In Islam they believe that god have no parents, child and partners but Christianity teach all people that Jesus is the son of god who sent the life to the person and Mary the mother of god. Islam believe that Allah: • Allah is eternal, omniscient, and omnipotent...
• Allah has always existed and will always exist.
• Allah knows everything that can be known.
• Allah can do anything that can be done.
• Allah has no shape or form...
• Allah can't be seen.
• Allah can't be heard.
• Allah is neither male nor female.
• Allah is just...
• Allah rewards and punishes fairly.
• But Allah is also merciful.

In Christianity the y believe in Jesus that :
• There is only one God
• God is three in one or a Trinity
• God is omniscient or "knows all things"
• God is omnipotent or "all powerful
• God is omnipresent or "present everywhere"
• God is sovereign
• God is holy
• God is just or "righteous

Prophets and Religious Figures

Muhammad the final prophet was born in Saudi Arabia 570. Muhammad usually spent time in meditation on Mount Hira while Jesus Christ was in the time 7–2 BC to 30–33 ADH e was born in Circa 6 B.C. in Bethlehem and he is called the awaited Messiah of the Old Testamen.
There are lots of things that these two prophets have taught. Muhammad have teach morals and principles that is important. Muhammad had bring examples of honesty and integrity to let Muslims believe him. Some of the Muhammad may amuse and some of the teachings may shock Jesus principles of salvation. The teachings of Muhammad are called Hadith. Muhammad taught something like about human beings. Islam is to be imposed by force, Apostasy is punishable by death , Ethnic cleansing is practiced, and a Muslim must not be killed if he kills a non-Muslim. There is also something like Medicine, eternal security, and more that is written in Qur’an. In Christianity, Jesus Christ teaches the need to repent because the kingdom of heaven was at hand.
This is his direct teachings of commandments, precepts, promises and judgements: Man shall not live by alone, but by every word that comes from the mouth of God, Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand, Don’t think that he came to destroy the Law or the Prophets, But whoever says, ‘You fool!’ shall be in danger of hell fire. These are some examples of the teachings of Jesus.

Place of worship
In Islam, Muslims worship at a Mosque but Christians they worship at a church. Mosque means place of prostration in original Arabic.
The shape of the mosque is like a dome. In the Mosque, there are place where worshipers can leave their shoes, there is a place for ritual washing and that is needed before prayer. In the main hall, there were no pictures of god and structures. They is no need to have the picture of Allah. There is one of the walls, called a mihrab that shows the direction that the worshipers needed face where in order to face Mecca. They also have the minaret which is a tall thin tower that called the Muslims to pray five times a day there. There are some rules in a Mosque like: every worshiper will need to sit down every where that is equal in status. Women will need to sit separately to the men’s’ because of distraction. They prefer woman to pray at home. In contrast of Islam the Mosque, Church usually has a design likely a cross. There are many types of church example: Cathedral, Orthodox ,etc. It is depends on the denomination of the church. In an old church they will have choir stalls and pews, but new church there will be chairs. In a Catholic Church, at the entrance there is water and place for candles to light. The small room inside is for individual celebration of the sacrament of Reconciliation and there a large open space called Nash with people around. There are also pictures that teach us in the church.

Symbols
In Islam they used the moon a star as their symbol in contrast to Christianity use cross as their symbol. There are many forms of cross and other symbol such as fish.
Islamic symbols tell identification with Islam, or a particular tradition within Islam. They are also used to evoke feelings, or to stand for certain Islamic beliefs and ideas. Some symbols, such as the colour green, have been associated with Islam for a long time and in many areas; others are of more limited duration and extent but In Christian symbolism is the use of symbols,
In, Christianity Including archetypes, acts, artwork or events, by Christianity. This is expressing Christian ideas. After the legalization of Christianity in the 4th-century more recognizable symbols entered in use. Christianity has borrowed from the common stock of significant symbols known to most periods and to all regions of the world.
The crescent was not a symbol used for Islam by Muhammad, as Islam is against appointing "holy symbols" so that during the early centuries of Islam, Muslim authorities simply did not want any geometric symbols to be used to symbolize Islam. In the case of an astronomical crescent, such as the moon observed in the sky, the outer arc will be 180° (a half-circle), while the Islamic crescent symbol (Arabic هلال hilāl) is shown with an outer significantly greater than 180° The crescent is also used as a heraldic symbol. However, this usage is not affiliated in any way with Islam. The symbols were used in many countries. In Christianity, The cross, which is today one of the most widely known symbols in the world, was used as a symbol from the earliest times. By the early 3rd century the cross had become so closely associated with Christ that Clement of Alexandria, who died between 211 and 216, could without fear of ambiguity use the phrase τὸ κυριακὸν σημεῖον (the Lord's sign) to mean the cross, when he repeated the idea, current as early as the Epistle of Barnabas, that the number 318 (in Greek numerals, ΤΙΗ) in Genesis 14:14 was a foreshadowing (a "type") of the cross (T, an upright with crossbar, standing for 300) and of Jesus (ΙΗ, the first two letters of his name ΙΗΣΟΥΣ, standing for 18).



Text
The Bible is not just one book, but an entire library, with songs, poetry, stories, history and letters, as well as literature that might more obviously qualify as 'religious'.
The Christian Bible has two sections, the New Testament and the Old Testament. The Old Testament is the original Hebrew Bible, the sacred scriptures of the Jewish faith, written at different times between about 1200 and 165 BC. The New Testament books were written by Christians in the first century AD.


Short conflict of history
In Islam there are holy wars and fought between countries as well as Christianity have wars between religion and countries. Holy war means a war that fought between religions.
In these two religious also have a war? In 11th century to 13th century is the time where they have the war on that time The goal of The Christianity is to recapture Jerusalem the capital city of Israel and the holy land from the Muslims and support the besieged Christian Byzantine Empire against the Muslim Seljuq expansion into Asia Minor and Europe proper. Christianity also has the war in French between in many countries. It is the thirty years war.

Conclusion
We conclude that these two religions have similarities and differences. In the beliefs, they think that there is only one god. There are really many differences in many topics. In conflicts of history, these two religions have a war together. I don't want two religions and many religions have wars together. We feel that I don't want two religions and many religions have a war because we want a happy community to live together. Wee like both religions. Every religion teaches us that we must do good things. The most popular religion is Christianity and the second is Islam.
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