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Literary Terms Review

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Amy Bitner

on 25 March 2011

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Transcript of Literary Terms Review

Literary Terms Review Allegory When a person, idea, or thing stands for something more than itself. The Wizard of Oz is a political allegory, representing a view of the political going's on during the time period. Ambiguity Something that could be interpreted to mean two or more different things. He gave me a ring.
Could mean an actual ring, or a phone call. Analogy A comparison based on the similarities of two items. He is like a monkey; they both act uncivilized. Aphorism A short, succint statement that is generally truthful. "Lost time is never found again."
-Benjamin Franklin Archetype A model of a person, event, or theme that is used often. the popular jock Alliteration Repitition of initial consonant sounds or syllables. She sells sea shells by the sea shore. Allusion A reference to Juliet from Romeo and Juliet An indirect or implied reference to another literary work. Antithesis A contrast or complete opposite of ideas. concrete and abstract Apostrophe An aside, or break in a speech to adress someone or something else. "I went to her house yesterday, oh, that reminds me about the time when I...." Asyndeton Omitting conjunctions between words and phrases. Yesterday we ran, jumped, swam, walked, dove, flew. Assonance A repitition of vowel sounds. a bright, white sight Balanced Sentence A sentence containing equal parallel structure. "It was the best of times, it was the worst of times..."
-A Tale of Two Cities Cacophony A harshness or awkwardness of sounds. "Twas brillig, and the slithy toves
Did gyre and gimble in the wabe;
All mimsy were the borogoves,
And the mome raths outgrabe."
Characterization The creation of a persona or personality through appreance, actions, thoughts, etc. Huck Finn is characterized through his dialect, thoughts, and actions towards others. Chiasmus An inversion of a common phrase. jelly and peanut butter Cliche A commonly overused phrase. The early bird gets the worm. Climax The high point, or resolution in a story. When Jim is freed, and Huck and Tom reveal their actual identities. Colloquialism A phrase or word common of a certain area or dialect. "I'll swanee." Conceit An extended metaphor. "This flea is you and I..."
-The Flea Conflict The main problem, or issue in a story. Huck's internal battle with his conscience. Connotation The feeling or emotion implied by a word. "Greedy" has a negative connotation. Consonance A repetition of consonant sounds. struck a streak of bad luck Couplet A pair of two lines in a verse. "True wit is nature to advantage dress'd;
What oft was thought, but ne'er so well express'd."
-Alexander Pope Denotation The actual dictionary definition of a word. Happy- Delighted, pleased, or glad Details Words or phrases describing a person, place, thing, or event. His bright pink shirt noticeably clashed with her flaming locks of red hair. Dialogue A conversation between characters. "I told him that yesterday."
"Did you really?"
"Yes, I'm sure of it." Elaboration Expanding on a topic with extensive detail. She wore a dark red sweater with twelve tiny, silver buttons up and down both sides. A question that is essentially impossible to answer. Enigma Which came first: the chicken or the egg? Epideictic Diction Diction designed to impress and show skill. The use of compicated diction by a character, in a simple passage. Epic A heroic or action story. The Iliad Epithet A characterizing word used in place of a name or pronoun. Alexander the Great Epistrophe Repitition of a word or phrase at the end of a sentence, clause, or phrase. "...of the people, for the people, by the people."
-Abraham Lincoln Pathos An appeal to emotions. What if this were your dog? Euphemism A more pleasant word or expression used so as not to offend anyone. "relieve himself" Euphony Pleasant sounding words or phrases. "The mild-eyed melancholy Lotos-eaters came."
-The Lotos-Eaters Exposition Background information on a character, plot, or setting. Laying out the setting in the beginning of a story. Figurative Language Words that go beyond their literal meaning. He ate his entire plate. First Person The narrarator is the main character. "I ran to the store." Foreshadowing Hints or clues suggesting what may be to come. The man in the corner gave him an eerie feeling. Foil A character that serves as a contrast to the main character. A nice and outgoing main character, and a mean and close-minded secondary character. Hyperbole I'm so hungry I could eat an elephant. An extreme exaggeration. Idiom Imagery Irony Something that cannot be directly translated into another language. "better late than never" Words and descriptions used to enhance sensory feelings such as sight and smell. The tall, stick thin, dark tree trunks contrasted with the thick, bright, and colorful leaves at the top. The opposite of what would be expected to happen. A preacher committing a sin he just spoke about. Dramatic Irony When the audience or reader knows something the characters do not. Huck pretending to be a girl. Limerick A five line poem. "There once was a man from Nantucket..." Litotes An understatement. She isn't the smartest person in the room. Logos A logical appeal. It is the smartest thing to do, after all. Loose Sentence A sentence in which the main idea and independent clause come first. The crowed cheered, as a result of the goal that was scored. Metaphor A direct comparison of two things. He is a monkey. Memoir An autobiographical story. The Glass Castle Metonymy When an object is names by something on a broader spectrum that is related to it. "the White House Monologue When a character gives a speech to the audience. Juliet's speech after the death of Tybalt in Romeo and Juliet. Motif A reoccuring theme, idea, or subject through a story. A reoccurring theme, idea, or subject throught a story. The good girl falling for the typical bad boy. Motivation Explains why a characters behaves a certain way, or why a certain action occurred. Huck's good intentions and internal battle with his conscience. Myth Legendary story told over and over that is often fictional. The Greek myth of Zeus. Narraration The re-telling of a story. She went to school everyday. Yesterday, she decided to skip. Her mother found out, and she was grounded. Non Sequitur "It does not follow."
A sentence or thought does not logically follow the previous. He wore a blue shirt.
Yesterday I rode my bike to school. Omniscient An all-knowing narrarator. On the third of January, she was at home with her mother, reading a book, and wearing a pink dress. Onomatopoeia Words describing sound. "Bang! Crash! Tap, tap, tap! Oxymoron Really big shrimp Contradictory words or phrases. Parable A story that teaches a lesson. The Tortoise and the Hare Paradox A seemingly correct, yet contradictory statement. This is false. Parallelism Words, phrases, or clauses that follow similarly. He enjoys books, movies, and music. Ethos Persuasion Prose An appeal to credibility, The language used in speaking and writing. Trying to influence and audience. You should try this, because I like it and you will too. She read the book. He listened to the music. We walked the dog. I'm just like you. Persona Personification Plot Protagonist The "mask" given off by a character. He seemed like a fun-loving, friendly, and all around nice guy. Giving human like qualities to inanimate objects. The stereo sang. The story line of a literary work. The hare wins the race after the tortoise gets conceited and decides to take a break. The main character or hero. Oedipus in Oedipus the King Pun A humorous play on words. Isn't that punny? Saga Sarcasm Satire Similie Trope Understatement Legend about a hero. Oedipus Rex A sharp satirical or ironic stament. Isn't the just the nicest person you've ever met? An overused theme or figure of speech. I have said it a thousand times. A comparison using like or as. She's as pretty as a picture. The use of irony, sarcasm, or ridicule towards a subject. The Vampire's Suck movie is a satire of Twilight. Making something seem like less than what it really is. It isn't that expensive. Symbol Something that stands for more than itself. The Mississippi River stands as a symbol for freedom. Synecdoche A part is used to describe the whole. All hands on deck. Third Person When the narrarator is not a character in the story. They talked to the man at the counter, and he helped them out. Voice The author's style and tone of writing. In an argumentative essay, an author has an active voice. He was walking, walking, walking...... Suspense A sense of uncertainty or tension about the outcome of an event. Stanza Stream of Consciousness Sound Devices Devices that add a musical quality to poetry. A narrative form that offers insight into the character's train of though. I hoped he didn't see me looking, but I was sure he did. Assonance, consonance, alliteration A set of lines within a poem. "And both that morning equally lay
In leaves no step had trodden black
Oh, I kept the first for another day!
Yet knowing how way leads on to way,
I doubted if I should ever come back. "
-Robert Frost Tragedy A literary work with a somber or sad theme or plot. Romeo and Juliet Soliliquy "But soft, what light through yonder window breaks? It is the east, and Juliet is the sun. Arise, fair sun, and kill the envious moon..."
-Romeo and Juliet When a character is talking to themself, or the audience. Sonnet Rhyme A poem with rhythmical quality. "Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
Thou art more lovely and more temperate;
Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,
And summer's lease hath all too short a date;"
-Shakespeare Repitition of a similar sound in two or more words. White, right, night, sight, plight
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