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What is a Mental Illness?
History of Mental Illness
Mental Illness in the Workplace
Disclosing a Mental Illness
Welcome to Diverse City
“A clinically significant behavioral or psychological syndrome or pattern that occurs in an individual and that is associated with present distress (e.g., a painful symptom) or disability (i.e., impairment in one or more important areas of functioning) or with a significantly increased risk of suffering death, pain, disability, or an important loss of freedom . . . Whatever its original cause, it must currently be considered a manifestation of a behavioral, psychological, or biological dysfunction in the individual.”
“A disturbance in thoughts and emotions that decreases a person’s capacity to cope with the challenges of everyday life.”
Rehabilitation Act of 1973
Americans with Disabilities Act and Psychiatric Disabilities of 1990
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
Leadership for the Employment of Americans with Disabilities by EEOC
Veterans Workforce Investment Program
What does it mean to “disclose” a mental illness?
Are employees required to disclose a mental illness?
Are there benefits to disclosing a mental illness?
Consequences of disclosing a mental illness.
What are the obligations of the employer?
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health:
How People Viewed Mental Illnesses
Questions or Comments
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Major Depressive Disorder
Dissociative Identity Disorder (aka Multiple Personality Disorder)
Famous People with Mental Illness
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Depression and Alcohol Dependence
Vincent Van Gogh
John Forbes Nash Jr.
“People First Language”
Refer to the person first, not the condition
“An individual with schizophrenia”
Avoid Using the Following:
Demonic or spiritual possession
Act of the devil himself
Form of religious punishment
Individuals were in need of religion
Religious or personal problem
Led to the stigmatization of the mentally ill, the unhygienic/degrading confinement of the mentally ill
Attempts date back as far as 5000 BCE
Confined to dungeons and tortured
Changing the individuals environment or occupation
Administering certain substances as medication
By the 18th century people began to view mental illness differently
Dorothea DiX and her fight for better living conditions for the mentally ill
Thousands were released to hospitals
Medical forms and treatments began to be investigated
Create an Effective Mental Health Policy
Create an Effective Mental Health Policy...
How Society Can Help
Detection and Intervention
According to the EHRC, 92% of people believe that admission to a mental illness would damage a career
56% would not employ a person that had depression time to time
Employers need to reserve judgment and provide reasonable accommodations
Provide a Proactive Support Structure
According to the American Psychiatric Foundation, 80% of employees treated for mental illnesses reported significantly higher rates of job satisfaction
Employee Assistance Program
Open door policy
Launch a promotional Mental Health Awareness Campaign
Train managers and employees
Mental health can be managed
Help and business goals can align
Business cost can be reduced, productivity can increase
Mental illness and substance abuse annually cost employers in indirect costs an estimated $80 to $100 billion (A Mentally Healthy Workforce, 2007)
Depression costs companies $52 billion in absenteeism and reduced productivity
Employees can have higher job satisfaction/task significance
Employees and managers can be influential
Provide Environmental Accommodations
Calm and quiet working conditions
Scheduled break periods
Use task lists
PTSD must be assessed and treated properly
Early intervention is key
3 major wars in the past decade, 60% of Vets are at-risk individuals
As of June 30, 2012, over 256,820 Vet’s were seen for potential PTSD at VHA facilities following their return from Iraq or Afghanistan
8.4% of children ages 3-17 are diagnosed with ADHD
The amount of children being diagnosed has risen 22% since 2003
Boys are twice as likely to be diagnosed with ADHD
Affects approximately 5.7 million American adults, or about 2.6% of the U.S. population age 18 and older in a given year
The median age of onset for bipolar disorders is 25 years
Depression affects about 19 million Americans each year
Depression is estimated to contribute to half of all suicides in America each year
It is twice as common in women
About 5%-10% of women and 2%-5% of men will experience at least one major depressive episode during their adult life
"ADA Home Page - Ada.gov - Information and Technical Assistance on the Americans with Disabilities Act." ADA Home Page - Ada.gov - Information and Technical Assistance on the Americans with Disabilities Act. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Apr. 2013. <http://www.ada.gov/>.
American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders,
Fourth Edition, Text Revision. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association,
"Attention Deficit Disorder (ADHD) Statistics." Statistic Brain RSS. Http://www.statisticbrain.com/attention-deficit-disorder-adhd-statistics/, 16 Aug. 2012. Web. 12 Apr. 2013.
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health. Talking About Mental Illness: A Guide for Developing
an Awareness Program for Youth. Toronto: Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 2001. Web. 4 Apr. 2013.
Davis, Pam. “Famous People with Mental Illness: Prevalence of Mental Health Problems
Highlights Need for Information, Support.” Americus-Times Recorder [Americus, GA] 10 May 2011: n. pag. Web. 8 Apr. 2013.
77% of illegal drug users hold either full-time or part-time jobs
Substance abuse costs American businesses approximately $81 billion annually in lost productivity, absenteeism and accidents
500 million workdays are lost annually from employee substance abuse
State-Based Prevalence Data of ADHD Diagnosis