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Evolution of American Colonies
Transcript of Evolution of American Colonies
Later seized by the British
New Jersey: Dutch colony seized by
Duke of York in 1665
Boston: Founded by
Pennsylvania: Quaker colony
Founded by William Penn (1681)
Delaware: Swedish colony (1658), seized
by the Dutch (1655)
Map of North American Colonies
Trade winds: Spanish route
French: St. Lawrence explorers
~Early 17th century
Slaves to west Indies
tobacco, and rum
St. Lawrence + Great Lakes:
French missionaries, traders, and sparse populations of settlers
French explorers/frontiersmen/sparsely populated colonies
English and French fishermen
New England: Democratic northern states settled by religious exiles & sons of gentry
Claire, Amanda, Avalon
Five Colonial Powers
discovered in 1497
by John Cabot.
Florida: Spanish colony
Southern States: Aristocratic
Mostly consisted of plantations
Maryland: Founded by Lord Baltimore (1632) for Roman Catholics
1) Get to the Indies
2) Find food
3) Find precious metals
Jamestown (1607): First permanent British settlement in North America
North Carolina: Founded by Charles II for royalists ruined by the civil war (1665).
~Later 17th century
South Carolina: 1607
Georgia: Founded by Olglethorpe
EARLY ENGLISH TRADING COMPANY SPHERES
Middle Colonies: Democratic states. Formerly Dutch, but liberated by the British (1664)
Tropical heat unsuitable for colonies
Spanish wanted fame and wealth
Established plantations, not colonies