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Evolution of American Colonies

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by

Amanda Gu

on 29 September 2014

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Transcript of Evolution of American Colonies

New York: Dutch colony (1623)
Later seized by the British
New Jersey: Dutch colony seized by
Duke of York in 1665
Boston: Founded by
Winthrop (1630)
Massachusetts (1628-9)
New Hampshire
Connecticut (1633-36)
Pennsylvania: Quaker colony
Founded by William Penn (1681)
Delaware: Swedish colony (1658), seized
by the Dutch (1655)
Map of North American Colonies
Trade winds: Spanish route
French: St. Lawrence explorers
~Early 17th century
Slaves to west Indies
Spain
France
England
Netherlands
Sugar, cotton,
tobacco, and rum
St. Lawrence + Great Lakes:
French missionaries, traders, and sparse populations of settlers
Mississippi-Ohio route/Louisiana:
French explorers/frontiersmen/sparsely populated colonies
West Indies
Cuba
Hispaniola
Jamaica
Maritimes:
English and French fishermen
New England: Democratic northern states settled by religious exiles & sons of gentry
Claire, Amanda, Avalon
Five Colonial Powers
Brazil:
Portuguese colony
Portugal
Newfoundland
discovered in 1497
by John Cabot.
Florida: Spanish colony
Southern States: Aristocratic
Mostly consisted of plantations
Maine
Maryland: Founded by Lord Baltimore (1632) for Roman Catholics
Objectives:
1) Get to the Indies
2) Find food
3) Find precious metals
Virginia
Jamestown (1607): First permanent British settlement in North America
North Carolina: Founded by Charles II for royalists ruined by the civil war (1665).
French: Louisiana
~Later 17th century
South Carolina: 1607
Georgia: Founded by Olglethorpe
PLYMOUTH COMPANY
LONDON COMPANY
EARLY ENGLISH TRADING COMPANY SPHERES
Middle Colonies: Democratic states. Formerly Dutch, but liberated by the British (1664)
Tropical heat unsuitable for colonies
Spanish wanted fame and wealth
Established plantations, not colonies
Full transcript