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19th Century Norwegian Society

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Kelvin Huang

on 8 February 2013

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Transcript of 19th Century Norwegian Society

By Kelvin Huang, Jae Hoon Moon, Jerome Chung 19th Century Norwegian Society What was the 19th century Norwegian society like? The Great Boom, 1843-1875 ECONOMICS Norway enters a period of dire conditions and mass starvation in 1812, following the Battle of Copenhagen - Norway ceded to king of Sweden in 1814 (Treaty of Kiel)
Norway declares independence and elect Christian Frederick as king on 17 May 1814 (Syttende Mai holiday)
Norwegian-Swedish War Convention of Moss
Charles XIII of Sweden elected as new king - Union with Sweden established
King Charles III John comes to throne in 1818 - regarded as liberal monarch, but ruthless as well
Economic development came with intensifying class conflict: more and more began calling for democratic reforms. Norway’s first political party, the Liberal Party, was formed in 1884 and the Conservative Party was formed in the same year.
Resentment towards Swedish monarchy was becoming more apparent.
1827: the Storting requested the king to allow the Norwegian PM to take part in diplomatic affairs. Other proposals to give Norway more independence soon followed.
Between 1874-1880: amendments were passed to allow Norwegian ministers to access sessions of the Storting
1905: Norway proclaims its independence from Sweden. Prince Carl of Denmark becomes king. POLITICS Rise of Norwegian romantic nationalism - Norwegians seek to define and express a distinct national character
Literature
Painting
Music
Language
Romantic Era brings significant social and cultural reforms
1854 - women are given the right to inherit property
1863 - unmarried women are no longer in status of minors, women are eligible for different occupations
Far from democracy - voting was limited to certain people
Conservative society - aristocrats control government and economy
No strong bourgeois for revolts
1898 - all men are granted universal suffrage
1913 - all women are granted universal suffrage SOCIAL STRUCTURES Significant economic growth up to the mid-1870s.
Adoption of new structures and technology increased labor productivity
Exports of timber/fish/maritime services high growth rates.
Explanations for the success of foreign sector
Liberalization and international demand
Vast stocks of fish and timber
Modern large-scale manufacturing industry
1860s & 1870s : 2nd wave of industrialization
Growth of food processing and dairy production industries Relative Stagnation with Industrialization, 1843-1875 Mid-1870s ~ early-1890s: Economy depression
GDP stagnated
Prices fell
Large-scale emigration from Norway to N.A
Explanations
Dependence on the international economy
Introduction of the international gold standard
Transformation from sailing to steam vessels 1) Economics
2) Politics
3) Social Structures Works Cited Dagre, Tor. "Union with Sweden." Norway - the Official Site in the United
States. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Feb. 2013.

Grytten, Ola. "The Economic History of Norway." EH.Net Encyclopedia. Ed.
Robert Whaples. N.p., 16 Mar. 2008. Web. 8 Feb. 2013.

Wikipedia contributors. "Norway." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia.
Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 6 Feb. 2013. Web. 7 Feb. 2013.
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