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Biology 151 Presentation 1

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Sashoy Milton

on 19 May 2017

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Transcript of Biology 151 Presentation 1

Vitamins
Vitamins are essential to the body for development and everyday functioning, however most are not produced by the body itself.
As a result, vitamins are typically obtained by humans through their diet or vitamin supplements.
Map of Vitamin A Deficient Regions
Golden Rice
This is a variety of rice modified to produce beta-carotene in the edible parts of the rice. Created to try and salvage those in countries in which Vitamin A deficiency leads to death.
Vitamin Deficiency

Statistics show that in 2012, in the US, about 10% of the population had signs of vitamin deficiency, with some cases leading to death.
Statistics
According to Authority Nutrition, in the US the most common Deficiencies include:
Calcium
Vitamin-D
Potassium
Iron
B-12
Iodine
Vitamin-A
Biotechnology and Vitamins
N.B. The only vitamins produced by the body are vitamin K and D.
To minimize the occurrence vitamin deficiencies, biotechnology is used to produced mass amounts and lower costs of the required vitamins.
Sources:
Biofortified
GR is described as Biofortified, because now it contains higher levels of beneficial substances than it naturally would.
Gene manipulation in plants. (n.d.). Retrieved February 06, 2017, from http://www.open.edu/openlearn/science-maths-technology/science/biology/gene-manipulation-plants/content-section-4.3

Vitamins present GMO challenges for organic industry. (n.d.). Retrieved February 06, 2017, from http://www.non-gmoreport.com/articles/oct08/vitamins_gmo_challenges_for_organic_industry.php

The Golden Rice Technology. (n.d.). Retrieved February 06, 2017, from https://www.isaaa.org/kc/inforesources/biotechcrops/The_Golden_Rice_Technology.htm
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