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Transcript of Grease
Mass Media - Marger
Mass media act as agents of socialization
Portray gender roles of society
How you should act
Danny acts in accordace to gender role portrayed in media of 50s
Being himself is hard since he goes up against gender role of being tough
Gender Roles and Conformity Represented in Grease
By: Federico Arroyo
shows that conformity in media was a way of life in the 1950's, and that those who tried to defy it were looked down on and made fun of. The presence of gender roles in media helps enforce conformity among members of society, which is seen on an individual level with the main characters who act uniformly in their groups and with a similar mentality.
Grease is a 1978 American musical film that took place in the 1950's, following the lives of a group of teenage high school students. Danny Zuko and Sandy Olsson met over the summer, and fell in love. To their surprise, they find each other again at Rydell High School. Danny and Sandy find it hard to continue their summer romance, since the pressure to conform to their own social circles gets in the way. During the course of the movie, there are multiple instances in which all of the characters conform to a specific gender role. However, the main characters start to learn that in order to get what they want, they have to begin to step out of their designated roles.
: expectations regarding the proper behavior,
attitudes, and activities of males and females in society.
Danny wants Sandy:
- Acts like a : stereotypical bad boy,tough guy, no display of
Ex: The moment Sandy sees Danny for the first time after the
summer; he had to act differently in front of his friends. He
couldn't show his emotional side.
-Ex: Try's to apologize and then makes a move on her during the
Female Gender Stereotypes
Sandy wants Danny:
- Sandy is a very pretty girl, with blonde hair and olive skin.
- Innocent, naive, warm-hearted, and a Virgin.
- Sandy joins the cheer leading squad
- Like Sandra Dee of the ‘Gidget’ movies
Boyhood, Organized Sports, and The Construction of Masculinities - Messner
Gender identity is a process of construction that develops and changes as a person interacts with the social world.
Males construct masculine identities within the institution of organized sports.
Organized Sports = gendering institutions that help construct the current gender order by "masculinizing" male bodies and minds
competitive, tough, being a winner,
Previous gendering identities and socialization
High School sports
Danny tries to take part in various sports offered at Rydell High to win over Sandy and to seem more manly, while Sandy was seeing a jock,
The Pink Ladies
Gender and Gender Role Differences in Self- and Other-Estimates of Multiple Intelligences
Wear only pink, which is thought of as a feminine color
Top priority = boys
Superficial; into their looks
While they are judged by their peers as promiscuous, it raises a man's status
Study of how gender roles impact self intelligence estimates
Men estimate their IQ scores higher for themselves than women do
Men estimate scores for women lower than the women estimate for themselves
Gender roles impact the different genders in different ways
Evident in Grease
Frenchie drops out of high school to attend beauty school
Students are not serious about school
The Social Construction of Gender
Male Gender Stereotypes
Oftentimes wear black
Top priority = girls
Interests are only in cars, masculinity, and girls
Never show emotions
Very competitive with rival groups
Sex Differences in Conformity: Status and Gender Role Interpretations
Competitive sports is a way of constructing a masculine identity.
An outlet for violence and aggression, and an avenue for upward mobility.
In western societies, physical competence is an important marker of masculinity.
Examples: Danny tries out for sports
The T-Birds race the scorpions
Men are better at sports then women. Women are naturally inferior at "sports" so conceived
Example: Pink Ladies
Chrvala, Carole, and Alice H. Eagly. "Sex Differences in Conformity: Status and Gender Role Interpretations." Psychology of Women Quarterly 10.3 (1986): 203-20. Sociological Abstracts. Web. 10 Nov. 2013.
Lorber, Judith. "The Social Construction of Gender." Sociology: Classic and Contemporary Readings. By Jumana F. Khalifeh. 2nd ed. Dubuque: Kendall Hunt, 2012. 43-52. Print.
Marger, Martin N. "The Mass Media As A Power Institution." Power In Modern Societies. Oxford: Westview, n.d. 239-49. Print.
Messner, Michael. "Boyhood, Organized Sports, and the Construction of Masculinities." Sociology: Classic and Contemporary Readings. By Jumana F. Khalifeh. 2nd ed. Dubuque: Kendall Hunt, 2012. 55-69. Print
Szymanowicz, A., Furnham, A. Gender and Gender Role Differences in Self-and-Other Estimates of Multiple Intelligences.
The Journal of Social Psychology.
153 (4), 399-423.
Study of conformity among men and women of varying ages
Younger participants conformed more than older participants, regardless of gender
Status had an effect on conformity (lower the status means more confomity)
Evident in Grease
Sonny, Doody, Putzie - follow Kenickie and Danny (have lower status than them)
Sandy follows Rizzo's lead
Conformity is a big part of
but it is really more evident with the members of the gangs who are not considered one of the leaders. In the "T-Birds," these characters are Doody, Sonny, and Putzie. In the "Pink Ladies," these characters are Jan and Marty. Even though Doody, Sonny, Putzie, Jan, and Marty are deemed as leaders of Rydell High just by being members of the gang, they are still only followers. The leaders of the gangs conform on an individualistic level, meaning they change for personal reasons and in the hopes of accomplishing a particular goal. The followers conform on a much more broad/general level, meaning they change for the sole purpose of being accepted and carrying out their designated gender roles. There is only one follower who does not conform and that is Frenchy. She drops out of high school to follow her dreams of becoming a beautician.