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Transcript of Thyroid Cancer
by: Quadriyyah Abdul-Aziz
Types of Thyroid Cancer
Cause/ Risk Factors
Thyroid cancer is a cancer that starts in the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is located inside the front of your lower neck.
Follicular thyroid cancer. Follicular thyroid cancer also includes Hurthle cell cancer.
A lump that can be felt through the skin on your neck
Changes to your voice, including increasing hoarseness
Pain in your neck and throat
Swollen lymph nodes in your neck
It's not clear what causes thyroid cancer. Thyroid cancer occurs when cells in your thyroid mutates
Papillary thyroid cancer. The papillary type of thyroid cancer is the most common, making up about 80 percent of all thyroid cancer diagnoses.
Medullary thyroid cancer. Medullary thyroid cancer may be associated with inherited genetic syndromes that include tumors in other glands. However, most medullary thyroid cancers are sporadic, meaning they aren't associated with inherited genetic syndromes.
Thyroid lymphoma. Thyroid lymphoma begins in the immune system cells in the thyroid. Thyroid lymphoma is very rare.
Anaplastic thyroid cancer. The anaplastic type of thyroid cancer is very rare, aggressive and very difficult to treat.
Exposure to high levels of radiation.
Personal or family history of goiter.
Certain inherited genetic syndromes.
A physical exam
Ultrasound-guided needle biopsy
Thyroid hormone therapy
Thyroid cancer has a good outlook of survival, with 95%
Rare in America mostly in Europe.
The American Cancer Society’s estimates for thyroid cancer in the United States for 2013 are:
About 60,220 new cases of thyroid cancer (45,310 in women, and 14,910 in men)
About 1,850 deaths from thyroid cancer (1,040 women and 810 men)
Thyroid cancer is commonly diagnosed at a younger age than most other adult cancers. Nearly 2 out of 3 cases are found in people younger than 55 years of age.
About 2% of thyroid cancers occur in children and teens.