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Social System, Political and Economic System, and Culture of the Aztec
Transcript of Social System, Political and Economic System, and Culture of the Aztec
the lower and upper classes and the girls and boys had seperate schools. They were the ruling class of the Aztec social structure called the pipiltin. They occupied the top position of the government and they owned their land while living apart from the commoners. Songs, poems, dancing were very
important to their curriculum. Girls were taught how
to manage household. Boys were taught skills,
history, religious practices, and
good citizenship. Their primary
tasks were to learn to be a
warrior. Commoners Roles of Men and Women They were the middle class of the Aztec social system. The commoners were able to improve their social status. They worked the land for the nobility while paying heavy taxes to the emperor. When the girls married
around mid - teens, they
cared for the household and their families. They could do crafts, run a business, and control their own property. Divorces were allowed and, the women would usually get the custody of the younger children if this happens. Slaves They were the lowest in status in the social system. No one was born as a slave, they could buy or sell themselves in or out of slavery. When the men married in their late teens or twenties, men did all the physical work and held the position of power. Priests The parents of a child
could dedicate their male
child to become a priest, but
women could not become priests. After the men became a priest, they couldn't get married and only the top ranking priest advised the emperor. Young women could enter priesthood, but can only worship godesses. Culture of the Aztec The Gods Ritual and Sacrifice Religious beliefs and practices Medicine Bundles The Aztec believe the God and Goddesses were dual in nature - neither purely good or purely evil. There were 3 main Gods: Huitzilopochtli, Tezcatlipoca, Quetzalcoatl, but the most important Gods were the Rain God and the God of Springtime and Growth. They believed the world was created through sacrifice, so they gave offerings
Some offerings for the gods consisted of foods, paper, liquid rubber, feathers, grasses, jewels, textiles, and the blood of animals and humans. Bundles contained: blessed corn, feathers, rubbers, and precious stones. Medicine Medicine was a blend of religion, magic, and medicine. Magic - certain illness were cause of black magic. Anyone suspicious of black magic was condemned. Medicine - The Aztec knew the plants and minerals that helped cure illness. Physicians were sometimes viewed as healing sorcerers. Religion - certain gods were able to send illness or cure them. The Arts Books and Codices They had no alphabet, so they used pictures and symbols to record information, and only the elite were taught how to read the what priests drew. Sculpture The sculptues were for religious reason and were often scuplture of Gods. Architecture The largest buildings in the city were the temples. Feather-work and luxury items The Aztec valued feathers more than gold. Luxury items had no religious importance. Moctezuma II He was the best known of the Aztec rulers and the one that played a major role while the Aztecs were being conquered by the Spanish. Time The aztec had two calendars.
A 365-day solar yearly calendar
and an ritual based on a 260-day cycle. Political and Economic of the Aztec Politics The huey tlatoani was the head of the Aztec society and by elected by The Council of Wise Men. Role of Priests The emperor consulted them on dreams and omens, and the priests decided which day were lucky or to hold sacrificail ceremonies and wars. Tribute All the conquered societies paid tribute to support the Aztecs. Tribute could be in form of food, cacao beans, natural resoures or luxury items. Farming The backbone of the Aztec economy. The products were used for tribute and to pay taxes. Markets Goods that were not used for tribute or taxes went to the markets.