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Transcript of clouds
cumulus clouds are generally less than 2,000 meters in altitude. They are often described as "puffy" or "cotten-like" in appearance. The word "
" comes from the Latin word "
" which means "heap" or "pile".
The word "stratus" comes from the Latin prefix "srato-", meaning "layer". More specifically, the term stratus is used to describe flat, hazy, featureless clouds of low altitude which vary between ground level up to 2,000 meters. Stratus clouds may produce a light drizzle or snow. These clouds are essentially above-ground fog formed either through the lifting of morning fog or through cold air moving at low altitudes over a region. Some call these clouds "high fog" for the fog-like cloud.
atto- and nimbo-
Nimbus is a Latin word meaning cloud or rain storm. The prefix nimbo- or the suffix -nimbus indicates a precipitating cloud; for example, a nimbostratus cloud is a precipitating stratus cloud, and a cumulonimbus cloud is a precipitating cumulus cloud.
Clouds with the prefix "alto" are middle level clouds that have bases between 2000 and 7000 meters.
Lenticular clouds form in the troposphere between 6,000 meters and 12,000 meters. These clouds are stationary lens-shaped, and normally appear in perpendicular alignment to the wind direction. Due to their shape, they have been offered as an explanation for some Unidentified Flying Object sightings.
Cirrus clouds are usually 7,000 meters and or higher in altitude. cirrus is a genus of atmospheric cloud generally characterized by thin, wispy strands, giving the type its name from the Latin word cirrus meaning a ringlet or curling lock of hair. The strands of cloud sometimes appear in tufts of a distinctive form referred to by the common name of "mares' tails".
Altocumulus clouds generally form about 2,000 to 6,100 meters above ground level. They usually appear with the color of white or grey, and often occur in sheets or patches with wavy, rounded masses or rolls. They also are commonly found between the warm and cold fronts in a depression, although this is often hidden by lower clouds. Towering altocumulus, known as altocumulus castellanus, frequently signals the development of thunderstorms later in the day, as it shows instability and convection in the middle levels of the troposphere, the area where towering cumulus clouds can turn into cumulonimbus.
There are many types of clouds,but the four main types are" Cumulus, Cirrus, Stratus, lenticular". They all have different types, shapes, and sizes
'Cumulonimbus, from the Latin cumulus ("heap") and nimbus ("rainstorm", "storm cloud"), is a dense towering vertical cloud associated with thunderstorms and atmospheric instability, forming from water vapor carried by powerful upward air currents. Cumulonimbus storm cells can produce torrential rain of a convective nature and flash flooding, as well as straight-line winds. Most storm cells die after about 20 minutes, when the precipitation causes more downdraft than updraft, causing the energy to dissipate.
There are no alto cirrus clouds because cirrus is the highest of all clouds
Altostratus clouds are gray or blue-gray middle level clouds composed of ice crystals and water droplets. These clouds usually cover the entire sky. In the thinner areas of the cloud, the sun may be dimly visible as a round disk. Altostratus clouds often form ahead of storms that will produce continuous precipitation.