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set design

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Barbara Amberg

on 18 October 2017

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Transcript of set design

Set Design is made up of all the scenery, furniture and props the audience sees in the production.
the set must:
suggest the style and tone of the whole production
create mood and atmosphere
give clues as to the specific time and place of the action
offer creative possibilities for the movement and grouping of the actors
After the creation of the elevations
the designer is concerned with the composition of areas:
the size and nature of the decorations
wallpaper patterns
architectural trim
Things a set designer must consider
the play
the director
the budget
the theatre
The set designer creates the world where the show takes place.

Then creates elevations which include walls, windows, doors, as well as window draperies, wall hangings, set dressings, and furniture or objects placed on or against the walls.
Ground Plan
The Ground Plan is usually thought of as a bird's eye view of the stage.
Rear Elevation
The rear elevation shows the backside of the Ground Plan and "elevates" it into a straight on, flattened out, full face, no perspective view of that part of the set.

It should contain all the structural information needed to build that piece of scenery, including rails, stiles and toggles
Front Elevation
Front elevation shows the front side of a particular portion of the Set and "elevates" it into a straight on, flattened out, full face, no perspective view of that part of the set. It should contain all of the design details that will be applied or painted on the flats including moldings, trims, windows, etc.

You get to design a set for a play
You will do the elevation and ground plan on 1/4" graph paper
Standards Addressed
#3 Students understand and apply the creative process to skills of design and technical production
Choose a play from the list.
Create the ground plan to scale on graph paper.

Scenic designs aren't done to scale

(The scale should be one 1/4 inch square = 1 foot)
The size of the stage you are designing for is 40’ by 20’ (That is 40 squares by 20 squares)

The height of your flats should be at least 12’

Door openings should be 7’ tall and 3’wide (unless otherwise specified)

French door openings should be 7’ tall and 6’ wide (unless otherwise specified)

Window openings should be 4’tall and 4’ wide (unless otherwise specified)

Each flat should be labeled with width of flat and type of flat

Your elevations should be colored and dressed according to the given circumstances in the script
Due Dates
Ground Plan
Rear Elevation
Front Elevation

What not to do
on a front Elevation
Each flat should be drawn.
DO NOT just say 3x.

Be sure your rails are outside your stiles
Feel free to look up furniture on websites to get the right size. As An example your set may say it has a sofa, you get to pick what sofa you are using.
Unless you've worked with them before, reading ground plans can be a bit confusing. A good designer will often label various pieces of furniture and props. However, there are certain universal symbols you will be expected to know.
The title of the show should be on every drawing in the lower left corner. The lower right corner displays the designer and the scale.
Content Area: Drama and Theatre Arts
Standard: 1. Create technical design and application of technical elements

Students in the extended pathway can:
a. Analyze, research, and design scenery, lighting, makeup, costumes, stage properties, sound, film, and cinema or electronic media
Inquiry Questions:
1. Why is the set design crucial to a theatrical endeavor?

2. How do the efforts of set designers affect the final presentation or production?

Don't indicate light fixtures
Doesn't need to be 3D
No need to include people
I will hold on to your project if you are afraid you will forget it or if you don't want to loose it.
approx 18 feet
approx 12 feet
approx 8 feet
Backing Flat
Masking Flat
To Begin:
Divide your scenic design with center lines.

You will have to determine the size of each of the flats, but use the center lines to sort out what size they should be.
All doors and windows should have backing flats.

Use masking flats to create a false sense of the location.
Each scenic designer has the chance to put their own spin on a production.
LCPlayers - Hyde Park,VT Designer Rick Aloya
Set designed by Rory Behrens
Northern Fort Playhouse
The scene, as described by Neil Simon, keywords highlighted in yellow...

A suite at the Plaza Hotel. The seventh floor overlooking the park. The set is divided into two rooms. The room at Stage Right is the living room. It is a well-appointed room, tastefully furnished with an entrance door at extreme Right and windows that look out over the park. A door leads into the bedroom,which has a large double bed, etc., and a door that leads to the bathroom. The room also contains a large closet.
Copyright © 1969 by Neil Simon
Based on the
JON COLLINS (Scenic Design)
John Engeman Theatre
What not to do on a ground plan
No Ruler used
Scale is off
Better example of the
Same set
As enrichment, if you want to do a 3-D
model of your set, let me know!
Corner Brace
3D rendering
Center line
Full transcript