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Hinduism vs Islam

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Gina Kim

on 14 October 2012

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Transcript of Hinduism vs Islam

Clashing of 2 Worlds History Medieval Period (500 CE–1500 CE)
development of temples
devotion to major gods and goddesses
poet-saints and gurus develop theories and
Shaivism and Vaishnavism formed Beliefs atman-immortal soul
goal of existence is achieving moksha, union with brahman
Karma Yoga-fufilling dharma
Jnana Yoga-meditating to realize identity with Brahman
Bhakti Yoga-devotion to gods
use reincarnation to continue to work towards moksha
Karma-actions affect next life
Ahimsa- nonviolence all-powerful History Umayyad Dynasty begins in Damascus in 661 to 680
Overthrown and replaced by the Abbasids who ruled Islam from Baghdad instead of Damascus in 750 to 1258
Mongols sacked Baghdad and ended the Dynasty
Mongol leader Ghazan Khan converts to Islam in 1295
Mongols conquer India and spread Islam
lasts until 1858 when last emperor was deposed by the British
Safavid Dynasty in Iran set up from 1501 to 1722
A Shiite empire
declined due to corruption Beliefs Polygamy
Men can have up to four wives
Women can have one husband Maha Shivratri- annual festival in reverence to Shiva Holy Days 950 million people are currently Hindus. 14% of the world population "Islam." WolframAlpha. Wolfram Alpha LLC—A Wolfram Research Company, 2012. Web. 08 Oct. 2012. <http://www.wolframalpha.com/input/?i=islam>.

"Islam." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 10 June 2012. Web. 08 Oct. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam>.

"Basic Articles of Faith." BBC News. BBC, 19 July 2011. Web. 08 Oct. 2012. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/islam/beliefs/beliefs.shtml>.

"Eid Al-Fitr." BBC News. BBC, 1 Sept. 2011. Web. 08 Oct. 2012. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/islam/holydays/eidulfitr.shtml>.

"Eid Ul Adha." BBC News. BBC, 7 Sept. 2011. Web. 08 Oct. 2012. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/islam/holydays/eiduladha.shtml>.

"Five Pillars of Islam." BBC News. BBC, 7 Sept. 2011. Web. 08 Oct. 2012. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/islam/practices/fivepillars.shtml>.

"Mosque." BBC News. BBC, 18 Aug. 2011. Web. 08 Oct. 2012. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/islam/prayer/mosque.shtml>.

"History of Islam." - ReligionFacts. ReligionFacts, 17 Mar. 2004. Web. 08 Oct. 2012. <http://www.religionfacts.com/islam/history.htm>.

"Glossary of Islam." - ReligionFacts. ReligionFacts, 17 Mar. 2004. Web. 08 Oct. 2012. <http://www.religionfacts.com/islam/glossary.htm>.

"Islamic Beliefs about the Afterlife." The Afterlife in Islam. ReligionFacts, 17 Mar. 2004. Web. 08 Oct. 2012. <http://www.religionfacts.com/islam/beliefs/afterlife.htm>. 1.25 billion believers Geographical Extend:
India, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Nepal, Sri Lanka Important Figures Important Figures Muhammad Holy Text: The Vedas, a collection of hymns, chants, ritual instructions, and religious teachings. Judgement Day
Allah judges the souls for hell or Heaven
world will be destroyed Worship
Individual, not communal
uses images or icons
involves giving water, fruit, flowers to their gods
Nitya-daily rituals at home shrines
Naimittiya-rituals during festivals
Kamya- pilgrimage
ritual bathing at holy rivers Ishmael Abu Bakr Ali Hinduism Islam declaration of faith
pray five times a day facing Mecca
done in Mosques after ritual washing
charity to the poor
fast during Ramadan
Hajj, pilgrimage to Mecca
Jihad, struggle in God's service
often interpreted as a holy war Other Religions
"people of the book" such as Christians and Jews are respected Muharram-Islamic New Year
the month in which Muhammad traveled to Medina from Mecca
celebrated on the first day of the month Muharram Ramadan- month of fasting
celebrates the month when the Koran was sent by Allah
Muslims must abstain from food and drink while the sun is up Muhammad founded Islam in 600 AD after receiving a message form an angel.
Spread the religion by conquering Arabia.
Choosing of his successor, the caliph, caused a rift in the followers of Islam.
supporters of Abu Bakr, Muhammad's father-in-law were Sunnis
became Caliph
supporters of son-in-law Ali were Shiites 4 caliphs after Muhammad
Conquered lands for their religion
Compiled a single definitive version of the Koran
reduced disputes over doctrine, and which is something Christianity has yet to accomplish.
in 656, Islam was consumed in a civil war over a successor to the last caliph for 4 years Supreme creator of the Universe Allah Gandhi Akbar Pre-modern Period (1500–1757 CE)
Muslims begin to conquer Hindu provinces

British Occupation (1757–1947 CE)
reforms to get rid of superstition
Gandhi attempts to unify India

Independent India (1947 CE–present)
small conflicts between Muslims and Hindus
Hindus spread west in a diaspora Dusserah-celebrates the victory of Rama over Ravana Ganesha-Chaturthi- birthday of Ganesh Navaratri-festival of Shakti Krishna Jayanti- birthday of Krishna Kumbh Mela- pilgrimage to Allahabad, Haridwar, Ujjain, and Nashik every 12 years Rama Navami- birthday of Rama Diwali- festival of lights Holi- spring festival of colors Founded in about 1500 B.C.
Indus Valley civilization
ritual bathing
sacrifice
reverence for bulls Vedic Period (1500–500 BCE)
Aryans migrated into India
brought the Vedas with them
contains much of Hinduism today
believed in many gods and offered fire sacrifice to them Shiva the Destroyer Lakshimi- goddess of wealth Statistics and Geography Eid Al-Fitr- celebrates the end of Ramadan Laylat al-Qadr-holiest night of the year, on one of the last ten days of Ramadan 1.25 billion people
19% of the world Iran Pakistan India Bangladesh Indonesia Shankara Debt to gods paid by doing rituals and giving offerings
Debt to parents paid by supporting them and passing on their knowledge
Debt to guests paid by treating them with hospitality
Debt to human beings paid by treating them with respect
Debt to living things paid by giving good will and help female manifestation of Brahman, symbolizes creativity and fertility Caste system Brahmins Kshatriyas Vaisyas Sudras Moksha Swami Vivekananda Pakistan and India Life Dharma Brahman an unchanging, all powerful, spiritual force Shakti Gods and Goddesses Avatars concrete form of Brahman physical manifestations of gods and goddesses 330 million deities identity is based on religion, not ethnicity
no common beliefs
United only under British rule, forced unity
Partition of India, security problems and mistreatment of people
was considered to be inevitable since the differences of religon couldn't be smoothed over
more than 14 million moved across borders
riots, disease, starvation, and exhaustion killed 2 million people
disputes over land in the province of Junagadh and Kashmir "Hindu Beliefs." Contender Ministries. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Oct. 2012. <http://www.contenderministries.org/hinduism/hindubeliefs.php>.

"Hinduism - Wolfram|Alpha." WolframAlpha. Wolfram Alpha LLC—A Wolfram Research Company, 2012. Web. 08 Oct. 2012. <http://www.wolframalpha.com/input/?i=hinduism>.

"Hindu Holidays & Festivals." Hindu Holidays and Festivals. ReligionFacts, 23 Jan. 2005. Web. 08 Oct. 2012. <http://www.religionfacts.com/hinduism/holidays.htm>.

"Hinduism." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 10 June 2012. Web. 08 Oct. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hinduism>.

"Founders and Theologians." Heart of Hinduism:. ISKCON Educational Services, 2004. Web. 08 Oct. 2012. <http://hinduism.iskcon.org/tradition/1205.htm>.

Flood, Gavin. "History of Hinduism." BBC News. BBC, 24 Aug. 2009. Web. 08 Oct. 2012. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/hinduism/history/history_1.shtml>.

"Worship." BBC News. BBC, 27 May 2009. Web. 08 Oct. 2012. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/hinduism/worship/worship.shtml>.

Robinson, B. A. "HINDUISM: The World's Third Largest Religion." HINDUISM: The World's Third Largest Religion. Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance, 16 Feb. 2012. Web. 08 Oct. 2012. <http://www.religioustolerance.org/hinduism.htm>.

"The Purpose of Life in Hinduism." - ReligionFacts. ReligionFacts, 31 Jan. 2005. Web. 08 Oct. 2012. <http://www.religionfacts.com/hinduism/beliefs/purpose.htm>. Eid Al-Adha-celebrate Abrahams loyalty to God Works Cited Works Cited British Involvement "Two-Nation Theory." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 10 July 2012. Web. 08 Oct. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Two-Nation_Theory>.

"India-Pakistan Relations." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 30 Sept. 2012. Web. 08 Oct. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/India-Pakistan_relations>.

"Partition of India." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 10 July 2012. Web. 08 Oct. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Partition_of_India>.

Kumar, Vinod. "New Page 3." New Page 3. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Oct. 2012. <http://vinod11220.tripod.com/britishrolepartition.htm>.

"Radcliffe Line." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 10 Apr. 2012. Web. 09 Oct. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radcliffe_Line>. Medieval Period (500 CE–1500 CE)
development of temples
devotion to major gods and goddesses
poet-saints and gurus develop theories and
Shaivism and Vaishnavism formed Medieval Period (500 CE–1500 CE)
development of temples
devotion to major gods and goddesses
poet-saints and gurus develop theories
Shaivism and Vaishnavism form Epic, Puranic, Classical Age (500 BCE–500 CE)
many of the texts were composed
idea of dharma was developed in the texts
moved from fire sacrifice to worshipping devotional images Works Cited Saraswati-goddess of knowledge and wisdom Parvati-goddess of power and love Brahma the Creator Vishnu the Preserver Statistics and Geography 820 million people
13% of the world Sri Lanka Bangladesh Nepal India Indonesia Holy Days The Five Pillars all-knowing unknowable everywhere Heaven
garden with food and drink
place of spiritual and physical pleasure
levels for degree of actions
Hell
fiery pit with demon torturers
lowest level for hypocrites Current Events wanted to grant India a quick independence
Viceroy Lord Louis Mountbatten appointed Sir Cyril Radcliffe to demarcate areas of India with either Hindu or Muslim majority
created the Radcliffe Line in 5 weeks, by the time of British withdrawal
cut through heavily populated areas
disregarded villages Rubric
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