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Transcript of Racial Perspectives
William Edward Burghardt Du Bois, USA
The Philadelphia Negro, 1899
The Souls of Black Folk, 1903
Editor of the Crisis, 1910-1934
Black Reconstruction in America, 1935
One ever feels his two-ness,—an American, a Negro; two souls, two thoughts, two unreconciled strivings; two warring ideals in one dark body, whose dogged strength alone keeps it from being torn asunder. The history of the American Negro is the history of this strife—this longing to attain self-conscious manhood, to merge his double self into a better and truer self. (Du Bois 1903, 3–4)
Michael Omi (UC Berkeley) and Howard Winant (UC Santa Barbara)
From Pescosolido et al. Highlights the important role of Gatekeepers.
Michael Schudson 1989. "How Culture Works."
Turner and Cooper 2006
Cultural Efficacy: A method for studying the power of cultural objects to understand what they do and why some work better than others.
Labor Force Analysis:
A method for studying the demographics and experiences of those who produce goods, including cultural objects.
White people are overrepresented on TV and in film. They are underrepresented in music.
Black people are underrepresented and misrepresented on TV and film. They are overrepresented in music, which has a long history of profiting from Black culture.
Latino/a/x are the most underrepresented group (as compared to their social world population size) and they are misrepresented.
Asians are represented at numbers comparable to their population size, but often misrepresented.
Native Americans are almost completely invisible in American popular culture.
Onscreen numbers are much higher than offscreen (behind the scenes) numbers. All indications are that cultural production is heavily white dominated, even more than many other fields.
Audience data indicates that minority audiences are very invested in cultural consumption, despite being underrepresented in what they are consuming.
Audience data also indicates that race is one factor that shapes interpretation.
How do we increase minority representation?
How do we recruit more racial minorities into cultural production?
How else could race influence audience interpretation?
Can cultural objects be tools for addressing racial injustice and reducing racism?
How should we react to cultural objects that appear to be racist?
W.E.B. Du Bois's conception of the unreconciled tension between being black and being American.
A social structure that creates inequalities by categorizing human bodies based on claims about the relationship between types of bodies (as related to ancestry) and the social experiences of the individual.
In the work of Michael Omi and Howard Winant, the socio-historical process by which the concept of race was constructed, infused with meanings, resisted, and renegotiated.
: Cultural professionals who assess and curate cultural objects. Examples include book critics, awards programs, and television reviewers.
2010 Census (2017 Population Estimates Program)
2 Theoretical Paradigms
: A social theory paradigm that treat society as a kind of organism that seeks stability, and argues that social institutions perform specific social functions that help to maintain stability and promote the vitality of the social system.
: A social theory paradigm that emphasizes the instability of society and the tension between groups over control of resources.
Hispanic: A term that generally refers to natives of Spanish-speaking countries, or those who trace their ancestries to these countries. It can refer to people from Spain, people from the Spanish-speaking countries of the Americas, and people from the Philippines. It is at times used to include people from Portuguese-speaking countries. In the U.S., Hispanic is used in very specific ways by the U.S. Census Bureau to measure an identity that is considered distinct from race.
: A term that designates non-specified individuals whose ancestry derives from Latin America. It is meant to convey gender neutrality, as contrasted with the frequent use of the masculine singular Latino to refer to individuals of any gender identity, by combining the masculine and feminine forms that are used in the Spanish language. However, because it reinscribes a gender binary, it may be considered exclusionary of transgender and gender non-binary individuals.
A term that designates non-specified individuals whose ancestry derives from Latin America. It is meant to convey gender neutrality by replacing the masculine and feminine forms with a form that introduces the variable x. However, it because it has no origin in the Spanish language, which is heavily gendered throughout, it is often the subject of criticism.
Social construction of race
: An ordering system that emerges from racial formation, but implying a basis in categorical biological differences between types of human bodies and ancestry. The social construction of race is a real shaping force that impacts the life chances and social outcomes of individuals, and the operating practices of social institutions.
: A form of domination that is based on culture and politics, as contrasted with domination based on violence and military control or economic power. The messages embedded in popular culture are often associated with the maintenance and legitimation of hegemony.
: The invisible daily benefits of living as a white person in a white supremacist racial hierarchy.
A trope in film and other types of storytelling that features a black character who is gifted with metaphysical power and uses that power to further the interests of a central white character or characters.
White savior film:
A film featuring a lone white hero who transforms the lives of poor black and Latino/a/x people, usually young students, as discussed in the work of Matthew Hughey.
Race Under the Microscope:
Biological Misunderstandings of Race
How to Respond When Somebody Says You Sound Racist
Stand Up Comedian Beau Sia
on Asian Representations in Film
Racial Representations in Fiction
Racial Representations in Sports
Nike's ad featuring Colin Kaepernick