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Transcript of Taoism
Taoism began as a philosophy and grew into a religion. The philosophy was formally introduced under the first rulers of the Han Dynasty (206 B.C- A.D.221). Lao Tzu Special Festivals Sacred Texts The Belief System Taoism is a philosophy that is associated with many religious traditions in East Asia. The word Tao means 'the way'. Taoism is based around 3 main ideas, called the Three Jewels of Tao. They are: compassion, moderation and humility. The point of Tao, is to achieve harmony with the universe. http://nemosworld.files.wordpress.com/2009/02/taoism-chinese-symbol.jpg Lao Tzu was an ancient Chinese philosopher.
Lao Tzu founded Taoism, along with Zhang Ling.
Lao Tzu was a contemporary of Confucius.
Lao Tzu wrote many pieces, his greatest being the Tao Te Ching.
http://www.williamjames.com/History/laotzu2.gif Zhing Lang aka Chuang Tzu Chuang Tzu was a founder of a sect of Taoism.
He died in 275 BC.
He was a contemporary of Mencius.
He was the greatest writer of the Chou Dynasty.
http://www.taoistic.com/images/chuangtzu-3.jpg The most important text in Taoism is the Tao Te Ching by Lao Tzu. It was written in the 3rd-4th century BC.
Zhuangzi is also very important.
The Daozang is a compilation of the texts: The Zhen, The Xuan, and The Shen. Taoists celebrate many times a year.
Some of the more well-known Taoist festivals include: Chinese New Year, The Lantern Festival, The Ghost Festival, The Dragon Boat Festival, and the Mid-Autumn Festival.
Symbols http://www.fengshuimart.co.uk/ProductImages/tortoisecoinsningots1.jpg "Tao"-The way "Shen"- spiritual consciousness "t'ai chi "- Great polarity/ yin and yang Graves Astronomy Bibliography "Taoism Symbols." Taoism Initiation Page - Online Teachings for Home Study and Practice. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2010. <http://www.taopage.org/taoism_symbols.html>.
"Daoism." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online School Edition. Encyclopædia Britannica, 2010. Web. 14 Apr. 2010 <http://www.school.eb.com/eb/article-9105866>. ask, Westerners when hearing a quote, and "who said that" before.
"Sun Tzu-The Art of War." The University of Waikato. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Apr. 2010. <http://www.waikato.ac.nz/wfass/subjects/history/waimilhist/1998/suntzu.html>. Bibliography "Chuang-tzu - Lin Yutang's Introduction." Virtual Libraries at VL-Site.Org in cooperation with the World Wide Web Virtual Library. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Apr. 2010. <http://www.vl-site.org/taoism/cz-text1.html>.Reninger, Elizabeth
"Major Festivals of Taoist Deities - Taoism's Major Festivals & Holidays." Taoism. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Apr. 2010. <http://taoism.about.com/od/majorfestivals/a/festivals.htm>. "Welcome to TrueTao.org / Taoism.net." Welcome to TrueTao.org / Taoism.net. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Apr. 2010. <http://www.taoism.net/>.
"Taoism Virtual Library." Virtual Libraries at VL-Site.Org in cooperation with the World Wide Web Virtual Library. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Apr. 2010. <http://www.vl-site.org/taoism/index.html>. "Chi"- Life energy that flows throughout the human body and the universe "p'u"- State of simplicity/ before being shaped by knowledge, morality and other influences of society. http://z.about.com/d/taoism/1/0/2/7/-/-/bagua2.JPG