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Alcohol, Drugs & Medicines

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Tura Guides

on 24 March 2011

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Transcript of Alcohol, Drugs & Medicines

Alcohol Impairment Drugs Introduction Drinking alcohol reduces your driving performance and affects your ability to make good decisions.



The more you drink - the more likely you are to have an accident and the more serious the accident will be. The Law The adult legal limit for blood alcohol in New Zealand is 80mg of alcohol per 100ml of blood or 400 micrograms per litre of breath.

At that level, an adult (over 30 years) is 16 times more likely to be involved in a fatal crash than a driver with zero blood alcohol.

Under 20 years? You're allowed just 30mg alcohol/100ml blood or 150mgms/litre of breath = about one drink ! And a young person (under 19 years) driving at the legal limit is 86 times more likely to be involved in a fatal accident. Ministry of Transport Crash Factsheet: Alcohol/Drugs Statistics for Year Ending 31 December 2008 The Law Says ... You can be stopped by the Police at any time and breath-tested using the following: Passive Breath Test- you speak into a hand-held device. If alcohol is detected you will be asked to take a Breath Screening Test.
Breath Screening Test- a tube of crystals or an electronic device into which you blow. If the alcohol level is high you will be asked to take an Evidential Breath Test or Blood Test.
Evidential Breath Test- an electronic device into which you blow. Readings can be used in court.
Blood Test-small sample of blood. Readings used in court. Your Rights You may choose not to take a Breath Screening or Evidential Test, however:
if you refuse a Breath Screening Test, you will be asked to take an Evidential Breath Test.
if you refuse an Evidential Breath Test, you must have a Blood Test.
You may choose to give blood if an Evidential Breath Test suggests you are over the limit.
You may talk to a lawyer by telephone after a failed Breath Screening Test but before an Evidential Breath or Blood Test.
You may ask for your blood sample to be independantly tested. Consider Alcohol Advice Avoid alcohol on your arrival flight.
Avoid any alcohol if you intend to drive.
Co-ordinate visits to vineyards and wineries with non-driving days.
Have another driver named on the Rental Agreement.
If your English is not good, keep the contact details for an interpretor with you.
Remember - any amount of alcohol affects your reaction time and decision making. Medicine Advice Check all medication inserts/instructions for driving or machinery-related side effects.
If taking any medication, stick to your regular dose and timing.
Avoid decongestants, cough syrups and antihistamines which may slow reaction times and reduce your alertness or cause sleepiness.
Ask your Doctor or Pharmacist if you are unsure. ... and there's more:
Remember, alcohol increases the sedating effect of many OTC and prescription drugs
If you are tired or jet-lagged, the sleepy effect of any drugs will be increased
Bring a photocopy of the script for any prescription drugs you take
Have another driver named on the Rental Agreement in case you feel unwell More Medicine Advice Medicines Introduction Since November 2009, Police can better detect and charge drivers with "driving while impaired ... blood that contains evidence of use of controlled drugs or prescription medicine".
New Zealand does not have random roadside drug testing. Impairment Tests Police must have 'good cause' to suspect you before they can test you.
The Police Officer can ask you to undertake a Compulsory Impairment Test (CIT) which consists of three behavior tests to assess your impairment.
You must complete the tests 'to the officer's satisfaction' and you cannot refuse the test. continues ... Impairment Test (2) If there are any 'environmental' factors which may make undertaking the test more difficult, you should note them.
If you fail the CIT you are required to provide a blood sample and will be forbidden from driving for a number of hours.
You can not be charged until the test results are completed.
Saliva tests are not used in New Zealand. Medicines Prescription Drugs If you travel with prescription medicines, keep a photocopy of the script with your travel documents. This will help explain why you have them in your possession and help you obtain a replacement if you lose your medication. Read carefully the insert / guidelines that came with your medication- including the 'small print'. Some medication warns against driving. Other medicines (including narcotic pain killers, anti-hypertensives, older antidepressants, cholesterol-lowering drugs, sleep medication, anticholinergics, anti-anxiety, sleeping tablets and some antipsychotics) can make you drowsy or affect your vision. OTC Medicines Over-the-Counter (OTC) medicines that can impair driving include:
nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs NSAIDs
diet pills
cough syrups
cold formulas
allergy & hayfever relief
sleeping pills

Talk to your Pharmacist or Doctor about non-drowsy versions of the above. Glasses & Contact Lenses Good vision is essential for road safety - if you can't see properly, you can't drive safely. Carry a spare pair of glasses or contact lenses and a copy of your prescription.

You must have good distance vision, field of vision (peripheral), depth perception, near vision focusing
(to see the dashboard/speedo), colour perception and night vision.

You will need sunglasses 'year-round'
when driving in New Zealand. The Fun Stuff We believe learning should be fun, so thanks for paying attention and here's the fun stuff ... ... and remember, if you think someone else is unfit to drive from drink or drugs - don't let them drive you or anyone else. Alcohol, Drugs & Medicines Not as exciting as sex, drugs and rock'n'roll, but you still need to know what the consequences and rules are.

In 2008, alcohol and drugs contributed to 103 fatal road accidents in New Zealand - that's 31% Avoid anything that clouds your decision making ... Photo: Depoe Bay Fire District, KomoNews.com If you're going to be doing lots of driving, consider getting your eyes checked before you travel. ... after all - you don't want to miss anything, do you! Drugs Introduction Driving impairment caused by drugs can vary according to the individual, drug type, dosage, the length of time the drugs stays in your body, or if the drug has been taken with other drugs or alcohol.

Cannabis, Methamphetamine, MDMA (ecstasy) and GHB (often called a 'date rape drug') are the most prevalent drugs in New Zealand.

Cannabis is the most common illegal drug, also known as Grass, Pot, Weed, Mull, Chronic, Dak, Hash, Smoke, Buds, Skunk, Cabbage. New Zealand is tough on drugs.

New Zealand Police can test for drug-driving.

The penalties for drug use and drug possession are fines and prison. It will ruin your holiday, void your insurance and may prevent you from returning to New Zealand again. ... and just in case you had heard that New Zealand was a little behind the rest of the world - see how our Police are using the very latest techniques ... mouseover and click the play > button Top ten drugs not to use while driving
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