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Somali Bantu Folk Music and Dance

ANT 300 Presentation
by

Luana Ramcharran

on 1 December 2010

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Transcript of Somali Bantu Folk Music and Dance

The Somali Bantu Community of Syracuse Exploring Bantu Folk Art and Culture Brittany Brathwaite, Elan Goss, Luana Ramcharran
December 1, 2010 ANT300/HNR340/360 - Migrating Memories and Art
Professor Felicia McMahon The Bantu migrations spread the ethnic group from Eastern Nigeria across Africa The Bantu brought knowledge of agriculture, metal work, and permanent settlements to many parts of Africa In 1890, British and Italian colonial powers further advanced into lower regions of Somalia

Slavery and religious diffusion

Outsiders imposing racial separation

The Somali Bantu became known as a lower caste The Effect of Invasion on Somalia A Brief Somali History Tensions in the Somalia Nation Bantu Slave Trade After WWII, Bantus no longer forced to perform labor

1960 - Somalia Nation formed

Ethnic tension caused civil war to break loose in 1990 Seeking Refuge Jubba River Valley Our Fieldwork Getting to Know the Somali Bantu Meeting:
Haji Adan, Programs Coordinator/Office Manager
Abdullahi Ibrahim, Secretary/ Community Executive Director Berey Performed by boys and girls at weddings, or holiday celebrations, i.e. after Ramadan

Instruments: Clapping hands, metal hoes, drums Anyago A dance performed after a good harvest Mviko Bantu Women's Folk Arts The Somali Bantu Community Association of Onondaga County, Inc. Understanding each other on a personal level first

Learning the basics about their history, culture, and people

Discussion lead to discovering more about their folk arts, culture, and even them learning something about our cultures The Bantu's Monetary Issues Learned of their need for donations and grant support

Helped to review grants

Wrote submission for new grant to Pepsi Refresh Project

Discussed marketing the community through new websites and blogs

Most of the discussion was about aiding the Bantu community on sharing their folk arts with the Syracuse Community Subcultural dance to celebrate girl's first menstrual cycle

"Honeymoon" period

Shows the community which girls are ready to be married Shulay Hand game and competition between villages

Promotes village integration and builds unity

Right vs. Left hand

Performed at weddings/celebrations

Winners get bragging rights Shareero and Sharaara Celebratory song and dance

Focused around Shareero instrument

2 types of Shareero Performed for weddings, parties, etc.

Performed for healing an illness Bringing Bantu Folk Art to the Syracuse Community Sharaara and the Shareero Ab Mr. Jahbad Kerow Leader of all Shareero/Sharaara dances - performs, sings, and heals

Special treatment if someone is "losing their mind" or when "evil touches a person"

Herbal treatment during dance

Performed regularly in community, in Africa and America Sharaara Vocabulary Lesson Ab - Shareero/Sharaara leader

Shaacir - person playing instrument and singing

Isaabeed - the dancers

Shiibaan - name of the evil that affects males

Bintusaan - name of evil that affects females

Abumaraya - general illness that afflicts males Sharaara Rehearsal for Show Meeting everyone

Instruments

Costumes

Dance patterns and aesthetics Dance Practice It's Showtime! The Sharaara Healing Reflections on our Fieldwork with the Somali Bantu Problems that arose


More that we would have liked to explore Schweinfest Cilaan Bantu Music & Dance How to choose songs for performance?
Depends on people, what they think will excite the audience
Shareerow Used for special occasions
Performed by all people in the community
Dance costume is everyday clothing
"Shareerow Ab" - Leaders in song and dance Sharaara Used to heal people afflicted with Kitimiri (evil spirit)
Popularly used but conflict as to whether or not it works
Performed to show Bantu culture Instruments "Shareero" (stringed instrument) "Gurban" (large goat skin drum) Bantu Healing Arts Practiced by many Somali Bantu esp. in areas far from hospitals
Rural villages used herbal medicines, healing dances, and prayers to heal ailments
Access to allopathic care in refugee camps and U.S. Traditional Healing Views on Western Medicine Last resort when it comes to healing minor illnesses
Biomedicine does not contradict Islam
Gender preference of doctors and interpreters
Western medical laws contradicting to cultural beliefs The Gender Dynamic: A Look at Somali Bantu Women’s Tradition Female Circumcision Highly practiced tradition amongst Somali Bantu
Procedure performed by Somali Bantu women
Practiced for health benefits and is culturally appropriate
Experience of FC is a shared identity for Somali Bantu women
Discussion of women's roles in Bantu community Foodways Preparation Women are general managers of domestic affairs, therefore they do the majority of the cooking in Somali Bantu households.
Food is prepared today using the stove and oven like most modern households here in America "Soor" (corn) and "Bur" (white flour) "Bariis" (rice) "Shai"/ "Chai" (tea) "Baradho" (potatoes) Staple Foods & Common Ingredients Somali Bantu Dishes "Bur" ( fried bread)
"Moofih" (muffins)
"Rootih" (bread)
"Baradho" (potato chips)
"Sambusa" (fried patties/sandwiches)
"Goat Erin" (cooked goat meat)
"Burshirf" (sweet pastry)
"Kaka" (fudge/cake) Time/ scheduling Speak to more individuals in community, specifically women
Folk arts, quilting, henna, music, food (tasting)
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