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Early Years of Sound, 1928-1933
Transcript of Early Years of Sound, 1928-1933
Early Sound Film
Early Sound Cartoons
(1928), starring Mickey Mouse, fully exploited sound technology
Effects of Stock Market Crash (1929) & Depression
Theaters & movie houses suffered.
-Theaters lowered ticket prices, showed double/triple features, instituted giveaways.
-Only Radio thrived
Advent of sound also created havoc:
-theaters not equipped with speakers/sound systems
-inability to mix sounds-had to record all at same time
Early sound films use little music
-due to technical problems, quality of films in eary sound is relatively weak.
-First two historically significant films did not rise about techinical limitations.
The Lights of New York
In Old Arizona
-England's first talkie, overcame early technical limitations. Alfred Hitchcock's
*partially shot silent and partially shot with sound- music is main difference
silent scene with synchronized music
Early Sound- music limited
-accompany open & closing credits
*two notable films that incorporated music creatively-
The Blue Angel
- 1st film by major studio to use all-black cast
Hallelujah- musical number
The Blue Angel
- uses source music to reinfore central theme
The Blue Angel- "Falling in Love Again"
Two types of musical shows:
- productions featuring a series of unrelated performances (revue, vaudeville)
-dramatic works that inserted musical numbers into a dramatic plot (operetta, nascent musical comedy)
The Hollywood Revue of 1929
"Singing in the Rain"
1929 "Broadway Melody"
42nd Street (
1933) revives musicals
Disney short- The Skeleton Dance (1928) uses compilation score and music mirroring
Carl Stalling helped develop early click track ( holes on film that click) - allowed coordination of msuic and action.
Major Cartoon Series in the
Early Sound Era
Mickey Mouse 1928
Silly Symphonies 1929
Looney Tunes 1930
"Sinkin' in the Bathtub"- 1st release
Merrie Melodies 1931
Woody Woodpecker 1940
Tom & Jerry 1940
Back story: 1931, Best Picture- Cimarron. Scene near end, orchestra heard playing- viewed as special. Launched Max Steiner career.
Shortly after this, Steiner asked to save King Kong. Wanted the monster to be terrifying. Created a powerful score unified by leitmotifs & thematic transformation.
Two themes represent Beauty and the Beast.
Sacrifice Part 1
Sacrifice Part 2
Hollywood Major Studios
The Big Five
Twentieth Century Fox
The Little Three