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Anti-Bullying Program for Parents
Transcript of Anti-Bullying Program for Parents
The Bullying Victim
What Can Parents of the Victim Do?
Modes of Bullying
1) Direct: aggressive behavior(s) that occur in
the presence of the targeted youth. Examples
of direct aggression include but are not limited
to face-to-face interaction, such as pushing the
targeted youth or directing harmful written or
verbal communication at a youth.
2) Indirect: aggressive behavior(s) that are not
directly communicated to the targeted youth.
Examples of indirect aggression include but
are not limited to spreading false
and/or harmful rumors or
Types of Bullying
1) Physical: the use of physical force
by the perpetrator against the
2) Verbal: oral or written communication
by the perpetrator against the targeted
youth that causes him or her harm.
3) Relational: behaviors by a perpetrator
designed to harm the reputation
and relationships of
the targeted youth.
20% students report being bullied
64% of those who were bullied
57% of bullying situations
when a peer intervenes on behalf of the student being bullied
Victim Risk Factors
Are perceived as different from their peers
Are perceived as weak or unable to defend themselves
Are depressed, anxious or have low self esteem
Have few friends
Don't get along well with others or are seen as annoying or provoking
Have learning disabilities
Kids who are bullied often experience negative physical, academic and mental health issues
- psychosomatic illnesses including headaches, stomachaches, sleeping problems & poor appetite
-decreases in GPA, standardized test scores & school participation
- increased rates of depression, anxiety, panic disorder, self harm, & suicidal thoughts & attempts
Signs & Symptoms of a bullied child
Your Attitude & Actions
-be sympathetic & take the problem seriously. Be careful not to overreact or under-react
-refrain from criticizing how the child handled the situation
-make sure your child knows you will work with the school to resolve the situation
-tell the child you are proud of them for disclosing the bullying
Teach Safety Strategies
Talk about how to stand up to a bully by saying "stop" directly & confidently or using humor
Encourage your child to walk away & tell an adult if speaking up seems too hard or not safe
Identify strategies for staying safe-such as staying near adults or groups of other kids
To Build Resiliency:
Terra Academy is a place where every student should feel safe and accepted and have a sense of belonging. Terra Academy considers bullying unacceptable and will not tolerate it under any circumstances.
We believe parents play a vital role in bullying prevention. It is important that parents understand how to help a child who is being bullied, how to intervene when your child is a bully and how to teach children to stand up to bullying. This short training will help parents with these goals.
The CDC defines bullying as any unwanted aggressive behavior(s) by another youth or group of youths, who are not siblings or current dating partners, involving an observed or perceived power imbalance and is repeated multiple times or is highly likely to be repeated. Bullying is likely to inflict harm or distress on the targeted youth including physical, psychological, social or educational harm.
Generally, children who are bullied have one or more of the following risk factors:
Has bruises, cuts or scratches but can't give an explanation for them
Appears afraid or reluctant to go to school
Frequently complains of stomach pains or headaches
Has bad dreams or cries in their sleep
Looses interest in activities
Appears sad, depressed or irritable
Seems socially isolated
Has torn clothes or damaged/stolen personal items
Spend family time together
Encourage positive relationships with adults outside the immediate family
Encourage hobbies and interests
Encourage service to others (they can make a difference)
Teach that they did not cause the bully's mean behavior
Help your child develop problem solving skills
Encourage friendships outside of school
Video resources are available to help kids learn how to handle bullies. Here are two examples.
What if MY child is the bully?
Your Attitudes & Actions
Take the problem seriously-resist the tendency to deny the problem or discount the seriousness of it
Listen carefully & check out the facts-children who bully are good at manipulating adults and weaving a story that makes them look innocent
Explore the reasons for your child's negative behavior
Make it clear to your child that you will not tolerate such behavior
Monitor the issue by regularly talking to your child & contacting the school
...because if 1 in 5 are bullied, someone's child has to be the bully
asking the hard question:
Children Who Bully
Others Tend To:
Be aggressive or easily frustrated
Think badly of others
Have difficulty following rules
View violence in a positive way
Have friends who are aggressive, violent or delinquent
Family Risk Factors:
parents who aren't involved
parent use of drugs/alcohol
domestic violence in the home
child abuse and/or neglect
Being a Bully Also
Hurts the Bully
research shows that kids who bully
are more likely to:
abuse alcohol & drugs in adolescence and as adults
get into fights & vandalize property
drop out of school
think about and attempt suicide
engage in early sexual activity
have criminal convictions as adults
be abusive towards their romantic partners, spouses or children as adults
when these issues are present, children are more likely to be bullies:
Possible Reasons For Bullying Behavior
expressing anger about events in their life
lack of skills like empathy & thinking before they act
trying to be funny
retaliation for others' negative actions
approval of their peers
exposure to media that glorifies mean behavior
Searching for the reasons a child bullies may be helpful, yet we should not let those reasons become excuses.
Helping a Bully Change Behavior
develop clear family rules & use praise & reinforcement for following rules
use non physical consequences for violation of rules
look for situations where the child acts in a kind manner & point them out
involve youth in positive hobbies & activities
encourage serving others
work with the school to monitor the child's behavior
If your child mistreats others repeatedly & strategies to help don't work, they may need evaluated by a mental health professional.
How Can Bystanders
Make a Difference?
Bystanders make a decision to stay on the outside of the situation; and that decision perpetuates bullying.
bullying is a strategy to gain control or power at the expense of others....
Bullies like an audience
A recent study found peers witnessed
of bullying episodes, but intervened in only 10%.
of bullying situations
when a peer intervenes on behalf of the student being bullied.
Though bystanders don’t
they encourage the perpetrators
(sometimes just by their presence), who feel driven on by the audience.
Tell the bully to STOP
Stay at a safe distance and help the target get away
Assist the victim in getting help
Make it clear to your friends that you won’t be involved in bullying behavior
Never stand by and watch or encourage bullying behavior
Never forward on or respond to messages or photos that may be offensive or upsetting
Report it to someone in authority or someone you trust e.g. at school to a teacher, or a school counselor
If bystanders are NOT part of the solution, they ARE part of the problem
Teach your children to be an UPSTANDER, not a BYSTANDER
The following video can help you teach your children how to stand UP to bullying.
kids and teens who witness bullying & cyberbullying in action, who stand by and watch
WHO DO AND SAY NOTHING
If you are concerned that your child is a victim of bullying, or may be bullying other children, please don't hesitate to call and speak with an administrator.
With your help, bullying can be prevented at
How Can Parents help?
If you'd rather report bullying anonymously,
please click on the following link: