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INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

Y11 GCSE
by

Laurie Johnston

on 27 May 2016

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Transcript of INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

Q3
Q2
Q1
Q1, 2 and 3
Q6
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
Examination paper

Q5
Q4
Relations between the former allies deteriorated during these years for a variety of reasons. In the first place there were the two different ideologies of capitalism and communism. These ideologies clashed from the start of the USSR. From the first they were suspicious of each other. For example when the USA dropped the atomic bomb in 1945 on Japan the USSR saw it as a threat.

A further example of this was the Truman Doctrine 1947 in which the USA anoounced that it would contain the spread of communism in the world by financial aid and military force. For example the Marshall Plan of 1947 provided $13 billion to European countries for rebuilding their economies. The conditions for getting the money were that countrires had to agree to resist communism and to trade with the USA. Eastern Bloc countries were stopped from taking the money by Stalin but Yugoslavia signed up for it. Stalin was furious because he saw the plan as a bribe to countries to become capitalism.

Things got even worse when in 1948. Stalin told the western powers to get out of Berlin as he did not like having capitalist forces in the Soviet Zone. Stalin took this action as he was angry about the numbers of people leaving the East through Berlin and the prospect of the western zones joingin together as Trizonia. The US refuesd to elave and flew i supplies for nearly a year and Stalin eventaully had to end the blockade of road and rail.

To conclude the relationship got worse during these years. The most important reason for this was the Truman Doctirne which made it clear to thUSSR and the world that the USA was going to oppose communism with whatever resources it had all over the world at any time. It would lead to Korea and Vietnam.
Roosevelt completely misjudged Stalin at Tehran and Yalta. He believed his assurances about elections in Eastern Europe. Roosevelt felt that he could manipulate Stalin in to doing as the USA wanted. Churchill was far more suspicious of the Soviet leader and had frequent sharp exchanges with him.
Khrushchev made a bad mistake with the Secret Speech in 1956. He meant to get rid of the worst features of Stalin's rule but he did not mean for any Eastern Bloc countries to leave the Warsaw Pact or to give up communism. He was very nearly sacked for this error.
Outline two steps that the allies took at Potsdam towards Germany.
Outline two features of the Truman Doctrine.

Outline two features of the Marshall Plan

Outline two features of SALT 1

Outline two features of the collapse of the USSR

How many more can you make up?
Describe the key features of the Yalta conference

Describe the key features of the Truman Doctirne

Describe the key features of Cominform....Comecon

Berlin Blockade, Nato, Arms race, Berlin Wall crisis, Cuban Missile Crisis, Hungary, Czechoslovakia 1968, Detente, invasion of Afghanistan, INF treaty, Collapse of Eastern Europe, Collapse of the USSR ...any more?
the Yalta conference

the key features of the Truman Doctrine

the key features of Cominform....Comecon

Berlin Blockade, Nato, Arms race, Berlin Wall crisis, Cuban Missile Crisis, Hungary, Czechoslovakia 1968, Detente, invasion of Afghanistan, INF treaty, Collapse of Eastern Europe, Collapse of the USSR ...any more?
1943-45
1947-56
1949-53
1955-61
1957-1962
1962-79
1968-75
1979-1984
1985-89
1985-1991
1987-1991
Full transcript