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Long term and short term causes of WWI
Transcript of Long term and short term causes of WWI
There were five main causes of World War 1 which can be divided into two categories: long term causes; such as nationalism and imperialism, and short term causes; such as rise of militarily, alliances created and the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Long Term Cause: Nationalism
Nationalism in the early 1900s causes competition among Germany, Austria-Hungary, Great Britain, Russia, Italy, and France. The competition caused rivalry for materials and markets. It also causes territorial disputes.
Long Term Cause: Imperialism
Imperialism causes competition over colonies, then evokes into rivalry. This was seen in the 1800's with Africa, many European nations were fighting for a "piece" of Africa. Many of these nations lacked colonies so this was an important chance to gain one. This made tensions in Europe high allowing war to easily claim these lands.
Short Term Cause: Rise of military
The rise of militarism increases the number of militaries and power, which influence countries to become involved in the war.
Short Term Cause: Alliances
Alliances create situations for war and rivals. Additionally, if a country join the war, its alliance also joins.
Short term cause: The assassination of Franz Ferdinand
It's wild to believe that the murder of one man could have such massive effects, but this is exactly what happened. Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife were murdered. This attack was thought to be done by the Serbs. So Austria sought revenge, and backing them was Germany. The Serbs however were backed by Russia. In an effort to mobilize troops Germany attacked France, one of Russia's allies, and this caused a series of attacks eventually leading to war. And ultimately killing way more people than should have even been affected.